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The Italian Renaissance Mullin. What was it? Period of European re- connection with its classical past It was also an explosion of creativity in arts,

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance Mullin. What was it? Period of European re- connection with its classical past It was also an explosion of creativity in arts,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance Mullin

2 What was it? Period of European re- connection with its classical past It was also an explosion of creativity in arts, architecture, literature When was it? – No set beginning / end dates – Generally accepted as 1350s to about 1500

3 Where did it Begin, and Why? Began in Northern Italy, in Florence Why there? – Florence was a powerful City State – Overseas trade led to growth, wealth of Florence – Florentine merchants had MONEY!!! Earned - not inherited - rank Individual achievement = imp. Renaissance theme Financially supported the Arts

4 Where, and why? Classical heritage of Romans all around Florentines / Italians – Drew inspiration from Roman ruins around them – Conscious of “looking backwards” in history; looked down on medieval period

5 Why did it occur? Crusades brought Europeans into contact with scientifically superior Muslims Decline of Constantinople ( ) saw scholars flee to Italy & Florence Black Death killed 1/3 of European population, causing shift in survivor’s world view

6 Rich Florentines supported the arts, encouraging artists to come to Florence to work Eviction of Jews from Spain (1492) brought with them Moorish learning, writings

7 Renaissance Attitude Humanism – Elites valued reason and evidence of senses (vs. Middle Ages values of humility, faith) – Studied ancient texts to understand Greek, Roman values – New access to original Greek translations allowed for correction of errors in church documents

8 Renaissance “Attitude” Acceptance of Worldly Pleasures – Humanists believed one could enjoy life without offending God – Elites were still religious, but more focused on secular world – Elites enjoyed material luxury (spices, glass, art) from outside Italy Patrons of the Arts – Rich merchants (glorify themselves) – Church (Glorify God)

9 Renaissance Values “Ideal” Man –S–Strived to master every area of study –E–Educated: read, write –C–Creative: sing, dance, write poetry, paint, sculpt –P–Physical: wrestle, ride, sword fight

10 PS Analysis Read Machiavelli’s “The Prince” Answer corresponding questions. Due at EOC


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