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UNIT 2 VOCABULARY Accelerated English 10. ameliorate A hot meal can ameliorate the discomforts of even the coldest day. z“ a meal you ate”

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 2 VOCABULARY Accelerated English 10. ameliorate A hot meal can ameliorate the discomforts of even the coldest day. z“ a meal you ate”"— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 2 VOCABULARY Accelerated English 10

2 ameliorate A hot meal can ameliorate the discomforts of even the coldest day. z“ a meal you ate”

3 ameliorate (v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming synonyms: amend, better antonyms: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate


5 aplomb Considering the family’s tense mood, you handled the situation with aplomb.

6 aplomb (n.) poise, assurance, great self- confidence, perpendicularity synonyms: composure, self-possession antonyms: confusion, embarrassment, abashment


8 bombastic He delivered a bombastic speech that didn’t address our problems.

9 bombastic (adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal lack of ideas synonyms: inflated, highfalutin, pretentious antonyms: unadorned, simple, plain, austere


11 callow They entered the army as callow recruits.

12 callow (adj.) Without experience; immature synonyms: green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced antonyms: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated


14 drivel Knowing that his time was nearly up, we kept silence and let him drivel on.

15 drivel (n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; aimless talking or thinking; nonsense; (v) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense; to waste away foolishly synonyms: (n.) balderdash, tommyrot v. slaver


17 epitome Admitting when you have been fairly defeated is the epitome of sportsmanship.

18 epitome (n.) a summary, condensed account synonyms: abstract, digest, archetype


20 exhort With dramatic gestures, our fans vigorously exhort the team to play harder.

21 exhort (v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly synonyms: entreat, implore, adjure antonyms: discourage, advise against, deprecate


23 ex officio The President is the ex officio commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

24 ex officio (adj., adv) by virtue of holding a certain office


26 infringe If you continue to infringe on my responsibilities, will you also take the blame for any mistakes?

27 infringe (v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds synonyms: encroach, impinge, intrude antonyms: stay in bounds, comply


29 ingratiate It’s not a good idea to ingratiate oneself by paying cloying compliments.

30 ingratiate (v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor by others synonyms: cozy up to, curry favor with antonyms: humiliate oneself


32 interloper The crowd was so eager to see the band perform that they resented the opening singer as an interloper.

33 interloper (n.) one who moves in where he is not wanted synonyms: trespasser, meddler, buttinsky “cantaloper”


35 intrinsic It had been my father’s favorite book when he was my age, but for me it held little intrinsic interest.

36 intrinsic (v.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent synonyms: immanent, organic antonyms: extrinsic, external, outward


38 inveigh You should not inveigh against the plan with quite so much vigor until you have read it.

39 inveigh (v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval synonyms: harangue, remonstrate antonyms: acclaim, glorify, extol


41 lassitude On some days I am overcome by lassitude at the thought of so many years of schooling.

42 lassitude (n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy synonyms: fatigue, lethargy, torpor languor antonyms: energy, vitality, animation, liveliness


44 millennium In 1999 an argument raged over whether 2000 or 2001 would mark the beginning of the new millennium.

45 millennium (n.) A period of one thousand years; a period of great joy synonyms: chiliad, golden age, antonyms: doomsday


47 occult One need not rely on occult knowledge to grasp why things disappear in a house where two cats live.

48 occult (adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural (v.) to hide, conceal (n.) matters involving the supernatural synonym: esoteric, abstruse, arcane antonym: mundane, common, public, exoteric


50 permeate The rain permeated all of my clothing.

51 permeate (v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through


53 precipitate Scholars often disagree over which event or events precipitate an historic moment. I admit that my outburst was precipitate.

54 precipitate (v.) to fall as moisture; to cause about suddenly; to hurl down from great height (adj.) characterized by excessive haste (n.) moisture synonyms: (v.) provoke, produce; (adj.) reckless, impetuous antonyms: wary, circumspect


56 stringent Some argue that more stringent laws against speeding will make our streets safer.

57 stringent (adj.) strict, severe; sharp or bitter to the taste synonyms: stern, rigorous, tough, urgent antonyms: lenient, mild, lax, permissive


59 surmise I cannot be sure, but I surmise that she wouldn’t accept my apology.

60 surmise (v.) to think or believe without supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof synonyms: (v.) infer, gather; (n.) inference, presumption


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