4 Study Skills Genre: Narrative Nonfiction Comprehension Skill: Compare ContrastComprehension Strategy: VisualizeComprehension Review Skill: SequenceVocabulary: Word Structure – Greek and Latin Roots
5 Genre: Narrative Nonfiction Narrative nonfiction can tell the story of a real event such as the discovery of a lost city. The details of the event are presented in sequence so that readers can understand the cause-and-effect relationships.
6 SummaryProfessor Hiram Bingham goes on a journey to Peru to find the lost city of Machu Picchu. With the help of a farmer named Arteaga and a Quechua boy, Bingham finds something unexpected -- the beautiful city of Machu Picchu sitting among the clouds.
7 Comprehension Skill Review: Compare and Contrast A Comparison tells how two or more things are alike.A Contrast tells how they are differentClue words such as like, same or as show similarities.Clue words such asor unlike show differences.
8 Day 1 - Question of the Week What surprises can happen on an expedition?
9 Vocabulary - Say It thickets torrent terraced curiosity glorious ruins granitethicketstorrentterraced
10 More Words to Knowremoteruggedventuredadobehighlandterraces
11 Comprehension Strategy Visualize Good readers visualize as they read.This means they create pictures in their minds.Sensory words such as sticky and crackle can help you experience what you are reading.
14 Comprehension Skill- Sequence Pg. 551 Sequence means the order in which things happen.Dates, times, and clue words such as first, then, next, and last can help you understand the order of events.Sometimes two or more events happen at the same time. Words such as meanwhile and during can show this.
16 Compare and Contrast PB 213 Greek and roman CulturesSimilaritiesDifferent1. People lived in warm climates3. Rome was a huge empire.2. They both produced great poets and artists.4. Rome had more advanced building methods5. _____________________________________________________________
17 A locul farm boy guided Hiram Bingham to Machu picchu. 2. The cityies location had been a secrit to most people until then.
26 Day 2 - Question of the Day Why do you think Hiram Bingham was willing to go on such a difficult expedition?
27 Vocabulary Strategy – Greek and Latin Roots Many English words have Latin or Greek roots.For example, the Latin word terra means “earth, land.” Part of it appears in words such as terrain and territory.The Latin word gloria means “praise”; part of it appears in words such as glorify, meaning “to praise.”You might be able to use Latin and Greek roots to help you figure out the meaning of an unknown word.
28 Practice Word Structure 1. What is the Latin word for terraced?terra – it has to do with land2. How does the root in glorious…it means “praise”3. What do you think terrain means?...refers to ground you walk on – “land”4. It does not make sense . . .it refers to something worth of praise5. Write a sentence. . .________________________________
29 an eager desire to know or learn curiosityan eager desire to know or learn
37 covered with rough edges; rough and uneven ruggedcovered with rough edges; rough and uneven
38 dared to come or go (to a new or unknown place) ventureddared to come or go (to a new or unknown place)
39 built with bricks made from clay baked in the sun adobebuilt with bricks made from clay baked in the sun
40 highlandrelated to a region that is higher and hillier than the neighboring countryside
41 terracesflat raised levels of land with straight or sloping sides. Terraces are often made one above the other in hilly areas to create more space for raising crops.
42 Weekly Fluency Check - Phrasing Grouping words that go together and making corrections if you make mistakes helps listeners to understand a selection better.Break up long sentences by grouping related words into meaningful phrases.Echo read the last paragraph on p. 544.
43 3. After an long climb Bingham came across the city. 4 3. After an long climb Bingham came across the city. 4. The ruins were the better he had ever seed.
44 SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES One syllable adjectives generally form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est, e.g.:AdjectiveComparativeSuperlativeSoftSofterThe softestCheapCheaperThe cheapestSweetSweeterThe sweetestThinThinnerThe thinnest
45 SPELLING RULESNote that if a one syllable adjective ends in a single vowel letter followed by a single consonant letter, the consonant letter is doubled, e.g.: thin → thinner, big → biggest.If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -er/-est, e.g.: wide → wider/widest.If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -y, -y is replaced by -i when adding -er/-est, e.g.: dry → drier/driest.
46 TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES two syllable adjectives which end in -y usually form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est, (note the change of -y to -i in the comparative/superlative) e.g.:AdjectiveComparativesuperlativeLuckyluckierThe luckiestPrettyPrettierThe prettiestTidyTidierThe tidiest
47 TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, or -less always form the comparative with more and the superlative with the most, e.g.:AdjectiveComparativesuperlativeWorriedMore worriedThe most worriedBoringMore boringThe most boringCarefulMore carefulThe most carefulUselessMore uselessThe most useless
48 THREE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES Adjectives which have three or more syllables always form the comparative and superlative with MORE and THE MOST, e.g.:The only exceptions are some three syllable adjectives which have been formed by adding the prefix -un to another adjective, especially those formed from an adjective ending in -y. These adjectives can form comparatives and superlatives by using more/most or adding -er/-est, e.g.: unhappy – unhappier – the unhappiest/ the most unhappyAdjectiveComparativeSuperlativeDangerousMore dangerousThe most dangerousDifficultMore difficultThe most difficult
49 Group WOrk Readers & WB 214 Spelling Day 2 Language Arts WB 85 Tri-fold Section 2SmartBoard- Vocabulary
54 Day 3 - Question of the Day What are some of the difficulties and satisfactions in the life of an archeologist?
55 Review Questions Why might so few people have known about the ruins? What might have happened before the boy had a dream about the stranger?What did Bingham see after he found the sun temple?Make a generalization about the Incas from what you have learned in this story.Why did the author include the boy’s thoughts?
56 Review Questions What did the boy call the camera? Why? What is the main idea of the selection?How was the author’s search for the ruins different from Bingham’s?How would you describe the journey to Machu Picchu?How are Cusco and the first capital of the Inca alike? Different?
57 Archeologists have curiosity about people who lived long ago.
58 Archeologists have curiosity about people who lived long ago.
59 They had to cut their way through jungles with thickets full of dangerous animals.
60 They had to cut their way through jungles with thickets full of dangerous animals.
61 Professor Bingham discovered the lost ruins of Machu Picchu.
62 Professor Bingham discovered the lost ruins of Machu Picchu.
63 What looks like rocks to us might be a glorious sight to a scientist.
64 What looks like rocks to us might be a glorious sight to a scientist.
65 The terraced fields on the side of the mountain were for growing crops.
66 The terraced fields on the side of the mountain were for growing crops.
67 Granite cliffs rose thousands of feet above the river.
68 Granite cliffs rose thousands of feet above the river.
69 The farmers cut terraces on steep hillsides to create flat places to farm.
70 The farmers cut terraces on steep hillsides to create flat places to farm.
71 A farmer’s home was usually a one-room adobe hut.
72 A farmer’s home was usually a one-room adobe hut.
73 They had to cross mountain rivers that fall in a raging torrent.
74 They had to cross mountain rivers that fall in a raging torrent.
91 Essay Questions Why might so few people have known about the ruins? Why did the boy call the camera a “black box”?How was the author’s search for the ruins different than Bingham’s?
92 Day 5 - Question of the Week TE 488L What surprises can happen on an expedition?
93 Study Skill – Outline TE 559L Outlining helps you understand text structure and remember information.An outline is a plan that show how a story or other text is organized.You can also you an outline to organize your thoughts before you write something of your own.Outlining information can also help you prepare for tests.
94 Study Skill – Outline TE 559L The title is listed at the top of the outline.Topics are the most important ideas. They are identified with Roman numerals.Subtitles are listed under a topic and tell more about it. They are identified with capital letters.Details are listed under a subtopic and tell more about it. They are identified with numbers.Let’s look at PB 219 and 220.
95 Practice Outlines Machu Picchu (Title) I. In the Past (Main Idea) A. The Inca People (Subtopic)B. The End of the IncaC. The Legacy1. Architecture (details)2. Artifacts3. RoadsII. Modern HistoryA. Rediscovery 1911B.C.
96 5. What an amazing place this were for a city. 6 5. What an amazing place this were for a city. 6. How do people centuries ago build anything so high in the mountains.
97 Group Work Reading WB 219-220 Language Arts WB 88 Writing Assignment Tri-Fold Section 5SmartBoard Game - Comparing with Adjectives
102 Writing Assignment Write a Poem Write a brief poem using at least 3 spelling words.The poem may be rhyming or non-rhyming.It may be about any acceptable subject matter.
103 Additional Resources More about Machu Picchu Photo Essay of Machu PicchuWeb QuestGreat PowerPoint on Machu PicchuMachu Picchu - How They Kept the SecretMore on the IncasInca Trail MapReading ReviewVocabularyComparing with AdjectivesAdjectives - Comparative & Superlative QuizAdjectives preceded by "more" QuizBrainPop: Outlines