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French Revolution Study Notes Past Test Questions.

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Presentation on theme: "French Revolution Study Notes Past Test Questions."— Presentation transcript:

1 French Revolution Study Notes Past Test Questions

2 Why did Louis XVI fail to satisfy the demands of the revolutionaries in France during the period ? 1 st - Examine what the Demands of the Revolutionaries were & How Louis failed to address/meet the demands! Equal Taxation-Why not Equal Representation-Estates General Just Laws Elimination of Feudal Dues-why Bread-Fair prize

3 Ideas Believed Absolute Monarchy-Ancient Regime ideals/Conservative-Divine Right to Rule Personality-Weak-Clued-out/politically in adapt/position inherited not earned… Failed to listen to Finance Minister-fired Influenced by Ist and 2nd Estate-Parliament Influenced by European Monarchies- Attempted flight to Austria

4 To what extend had the demands of the Rev. being satisfied by 1794 What were the demands? How were they meet Were they are were they not?

5 How was Louis Weakness Responsible for outbreak of the Rev. What were his weakness? Failure to meet the demands of the Third Estate Weakness to gain outside support Weakness to fix the economy-war

6 Why did the French Revolution become increasingly radical during the years ? Louis fails to meet the demands of the 3 rd Estate- Calls for military intervention-Leads to Storming the Bastille and March on Versailles Louis signs-1791-Civil Constitution Clergy -opposed by many (Catholic priests, radical Jacobins, nobles) Louis XVI attempts to flee Austria and Prussia threaten military intervention Robespierre Committee of Public safety/Robespierre/The Terror/Execution of Louis

7 Which of the grievances of the Third Estate in France in 1789 were the most important? Explain your answer. Third Estate Grievances: 1789 Unfair Taxation, Feudal obligations to nobility, voting by order in Estates General, voting rights, urban poor couldn’t afford consumer prices, opposition to conservative order of the ancient regime

8 How far, and why, did the aims of the revolutionaries in France change during the period from ? 1789 vs aims of revolutionaries 1789-Constitutional monarchy; voting rights; equal taxation; end of serfdom/feudalism 1793-Democratic republic; overthrow of nobility; death to anti-revolutionaries; war with Austria/Prussia Why? –Military intervention by Louis XVI and by Austria/Prussia; radicalism (Jacobins), great fear, the terror; disagreements between revolutionary factions/divided 3 rd Estate; abdication of responsibility by Louis XVI

9 How far, and why, did the aims of the revolutionaries in France change during the period from ? Initial AIMS NOT MEET-Voting-b/c Tax-Tennis Court Oath-Constitutional Monarchy Military intervention by Louis XVI and by Austria/Prussia-Great Fear Louis Fleeing-Trial for Treason Robespieere-Radiacal -Disagreements between revolutionary Louis XVI

10 From , who posed the more dangerous threats to the French Revolution: its internal or its external enemies? Internal vs. external enemies? Internal: King (and his military), Church, nobility, upper class 3 rd Estate External: European monarchs, Austrian relatives, Prussia (and their armies)

11 From , who posed the more dangerous threats to the French Revolution: its internal or its external enemies Who-Why-Support with Evidence Acknowledge the other side

12 Why did Louis XVI’s policies from 1789 fail to prevent his execution in 1793? Acted To late-Divided loyalty between 3 estates Indecisiveness as a political leader/qualifications inherited, not earned Fired-Necker Question his loyalty-D ue to Marie Antoinette/Austrian family Seen as Traitor-Flee Seen as siding with OTHER Monarchies Europe- External threats by Austria and Prussia Declaration of Rights of Man accepted by force Against the church-people strong ties to church

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14 How far did Napoleon Bonaparte achieve his aims in domestic policy? Napoleon’s aims; Stabilize economy (bank of France;coins) Equal laws (Napoleonic Code) Educated, talented bureaucracy(lycee’s) Restore relations with the Church (Concordat with the Catholic church) Nationalism(conscription for defense) Grow/protect economy(Continental System)

15 Explain why Napoleon Bonaparte was able to establish a strong autocratic government in France. 10 years of chaos External threats [Prussian and Austrian] War hero status Military backing Promises to uphold the revolution Spy system/Censorship/Education Code of Napoleon Bureaucracy of delegated patriots Senators given estates/money for loyalty

16 How far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the ideals of the French Revolution during the period ? Revolutionary Ideals (equality, liberty, fraternity) The Napoleonic Code (equal laws, abolish serfdom, religious freedom, property rights, careers open to talent) Unequal for women (property belongs to husband, treated as minors in lawsuits) Powerful, centralized bureaucracy Benevolent despotism- Napoleon decides what is good for France European wars for conquest

17 How far did Napoleon Bonaparte achieve his aims in domestic policy? Napoleon’s aims; Stabilize economy (bank of France;coins) Equal laws (Napoleonic Code) Educated, talented bureaucracy(lycee’s) Restore relations with the Church (Concordat with the Catholic church) Nationalism(conscription for defense) Grow/protect economy(Continental System)

18 How far was Napoleon Bonaparte an oppressive ruler in his domestic policies from ? Oppressive domestic policies? Concordat with the Catholic church forced clergy to be civil servants Appointed prefects spied on people, collected taxes, spread propaganda Legal codes asserted male rights over women Workers needed a permit to get a job Newspapers were censored Artists were paid to glorify Napoleon


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