Presentation on theme: "The Rise of the Roman Republic 509 BC – 27 BC. Rome’s greatest achievements: Established the first Republic and the principle of separation of powers;"— Presentation transcript:
Rome’s greatest achievements: Established the first Republic and the principle of separation of powers; Used law and government to unite many different regions, cultures and people.- continued Hellenistic cosmopolitanism Practical engineering projects to promote civilization: roads, bridges, aqueducts, bath houses and amphitheatres.
The Myth of Rome’s birth: Caesar Augustus asked Rome’s greatest poet, Virgil to write a poem to glorify the founding of Rome
The Archaeological Record 2500 BC- Paleolithic settlements 1500 BC The Bronze Age 1000 BC tombs of cremated dead with bronze tools and weapons 800 BC Distinct groups occupied the Italian peninsula- Umbrians, the Sabines, the Samnites, the Etruscans and the Latins
Three advantages 1) built on several hills 2) Towards the end of the Tiber River 3) Only 15 miles from the sea
The Republic is established, 509 BC The last Etruscan king, Tarquin the Proud, ignored the Senate and was overthrown, the patricians (wealthy Latin landowners) created a representative government.
Two Consuls replaced the king Elected by Assembly One year position Led an army Defended the city Veto power Imperium
Assemblies debated and voted on legislation; and listened to campaign speeches
The Roman Senate: Senators came from the Patrician class Acted as an advisory body to the king/consuls Controlled the finances; money for public works Served as a Jury for treason, conspiracy, murder, & foreign relations
Early Roman society consisted of two classes: Patricians and Plebeians… Plebeian grievances included: Enslavement for debt Discrimination in the courts Intermarriage with patricians was forbidden Lack of political representation Absence of a written code of laws Granting citizenship to outsiders while denying it to indigenous plebeian farmers
The Struggle of the Orders 494 – 287 BC 494 BC – Office of the Tribune created 460 BC – Voting: residence replaced wealth 450 BC – Twelve Tables 445 BC – Lex Canuleia-marriage 367 BC – Licinian-Sextian Rogation-consuls 287 BC – Lex Hortensia- Plebeian Council
Roman Expansion 493 BC – Battle of Lake Regillus/Latin League 396 BC – Battle of Veii/Etruscans 390 C – first & only setback – Gauls seige on Rome 350 BC - Romans bounced back- rebuilt the Servian Wall and remodeled the army 340- 290 BC The Latin Wars/Roman Federation 282-270 BC defeated Greeks/Tarentum & Epirus By 264 BC, 5 major world powers: Syria, Egypt, Macedonia, Carthage and Rome
the mythological twins, the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux, on horseback. The Battle of Lake Regillus, 493 BC
Defeating the Etruscans- The Battle of Veii, 396 BC Horatius At The Bridge
390 C – first & only setback – Gauls seige on Rome