Presentation on theme: "SOL QUIZ 12 ROME II. 1. Julius Caesar is an important figure in Roman history because he a. fought the First Punic War b. became the first emperor of."— Presentation transcript:
SOL QUIZ 12 ROME II
1. Julius Caesar is an important figure in Roman history because he a. fought the First Punic War b. became the first emperor of Rome c. greatly increased the power of the Senate d. expanded Rome's territory and became dictator for life Julius Caesar is important in Roman history because he expanded Rome's territory (in Britain, Egypt, France, Spain, and Syria) and became dictator for life (in 44 B.C.). Caesar exercised nearly absolute power.
2. "I was the adopted son of the great Julius. I defeated all of my rivals and became the first emperor of Rome." The person speaking is a. Mark Antony b. Octavian c. Marcus Brutus d. Gaius Cassius The person speaking is Octavian, who took the name Augustus Caesar after becoming Rome's first emperor.
3. Which of the following conquered people influenced Rome the most? a. Greeks b. Carthaginians c. Gauls d. Britons The Greeks influenced Rome the most. After Greece was conquered by Rome during the 2nd century B.C., Greek literature, philosophy, science, mathematics, and art spread to Rome.
4. Two important contributions of ancient Rome to later societies were in a. poetry and drama b. law and engineering c. painting and music d. chemistry and physics Rome made important contributions in law and engineering. Roman law became the basis for many legal systems in Europe.
5. The Romans used aqueducts to a. carry water to towns and cities b. improve transportation on the Mediterranean c. increase farm production d. improve military training Aqueducts were used to carry water to towns and cities from reservoirs in the countryside.
6. During the early years of the Roman Republic, members of the patrician class a. were often forced into slavery because of debt b. avoided service in the army c. used their wealth to dominate the government of the Republic d. worked as small farmers, artisans and small merchants Members of the patrician class dominated the government of the Republic. The patricians were wealthy landowners who traced their ancestry to the original founders of Rome. They were the members of the Senate, which made the laws of the Republic.
7. What is the importance of the Edict of Milan issued by the Emperor Constantine in 313 A.D.? a. It made Christianity the official religion of the empire. b. It outlawed Christianity. c. It granted full toleration to all religions, including Christianity. d. It attempted to revive the traditional religion of the Roman Republic. The Edict of Milan granted religious toleration to all religions, including Christianity.
8. The decline of the Roman Empire was partly caused by a. the widening of class distinctions between the rich and poor b. the replacement of efficient large estates by many less efficient small farms c. the interest of the common people in fulfilling their obligations of citizenship in a democratic society d. a uniformity of traditions and customs which prevented cultural diversity The decline of the Roman Empire was partly caused by the widening of class distinctions between rich and poor.
9. Which group was responsible for the destruction of the Roman Empire in the west? a. Byzantines b. Germanic tribes c. Huns d. Persians The Germanic tribes living north of the Danube River in Europe were responsible for the destruction of the Roman Empire in the west. German tribes flooded into the empire, seizing control of its western half.
10. Why did Roman architects frequently use the arch, vault, and dome in construction? a. A shortage of stone forced them to use primarily wood and dried brick. b. These devices were inherited from the Greeks, whom they admired. c. It allowed them to place a roof on large buildings. d. They enabled the interiors of buildings to be heavily decorated. Roman architects used the arch, vault, and dome so that they could place roofs on large buildings. They inherited the arch from the Greeks, but invented the vault and the dome.