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The Etruscans, Archaic Italy Vocabulary Etruscan Terracotta Tufa Haruspex Acroteria Cella/cellae Tumulus Trempe l’oeil.

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Presentation on theme: "The Etruscans, Archaic Italy Vocabulary Etruscan Terracotta Tufa Haruspex Acroteria Cella/cellae Tumulus Trempe l’oeil."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Etruscans, Archaic Italy Vocabulary Etruscan Terracotta Tufa Haruspex Acroteria Cella/cellae Tumulus Trempe l’oeil

3 Etruscan Territories

4 The Etruscans, Archaic Italy Etruscans existed in Northern Italy (Tuscany) since as early as the 8 th century BCE 7 th -6 th centuries BCE, Etruscans ruled as kings of Rome By the end of the 6 th century BCE, the last Etruscan king was conquered by the Romans Highly skilled bronze artists

5 Porta Augusta, Perugia, Italy, 3 rd -2 nd century BCE

6 Typical Etruscan Temple Model, 6 th century BCE Tuscan Doric, Acroteria, 3 Cellae, Tufa, Haruspex

7 Plan of Etruscan Temple

8 Roman Architectural Orders

9 Apollo, From the Portonaccio Temple, Veii, BCE Terracotta Acroteria

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12 Underground Etruscan Tumulus (tumuli)

13 Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, 3 rd Century BCE

14 Trempe l’oeil

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16 Sarcophagus with Reclining Couple, Cerveteri, 520 BCE

17 Capitoline Wolf, Rome, BCE

18 Aule Metele, Cortona, 80 BCE Arringatore

19 Ancient Rome Vocabulary Patricians Plebians Engaged columns Verism Atrium Barrel Vault Groin Vault Forum Republic Empire Mosaic Villa Fresco Linear Perspective Atmospheric Perspective

20 Ancient Rome Rome begins as a small village on the Capitoline Hill, the largest of seven hills in Rome in the Region of Latium. Virgil’s Aeneid tells the mythological founding of Rome by Aeneas, a refugee from Troy and the son of Venus. Other mythology attributes the founding of Rome to Romulus, son of Mars, in 753 BCE. Rome begins as a Republic in 509 BCE after the expulsion of the last Etruscan king, Tarquinius Superbus. Roman Republic politics is led by a Constitutional government consisting of 2 consuls and a senate, elected from noble families. The Republic lasts until the rule of Augustus in about 31 BCE when it turns into an empire, to 400 CE. 211 BCE Roman general Marcellus attacks Syracuse in Greece.

21 Rome at the Height of its Empire

22 Roman, Pont du Gard, France, late 1 st c BCE

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24 Temple of Portunus, Rome, Late 2 nd century BCE Engaged Column

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26 Roman, Head of a Patrician, BCE Verism Republican portraiture Patrician/plebian

27 Roman, Augustus of Prima Porta, 20 BCE

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30 Ara Pacis Augustae, Rome, 13-9 BCE

31 Ara Pacis Augustae, detail, Rome, 13-9 BCE

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33 Mt. Vesuvius

34 Forum of Pompeii 79 CE 88 BCE Pompeii becomes a Roman city

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38 House of the Vetii, Pompeii, CE Atrium

39 Peristyle Garden

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41 Fresco, Herculaneum, 2 nd century BCE

42 Roman, Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, BCE

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46 Gardenscape, Villa of Livia at Prima Porta, ca. late 1 st c BCE Atmospheric Perspective

47 Roman, Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale, late 1 st c CE

48 Still Life, Herculanium, before 79 AD

49 Young Woman Reading, Pompeii, before 79 AD

50 Arch of Titus, Rome, 81 CE

51 Arch of Titus, Detail

52 Colosseum, Rome, CE

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54 Column of Trajan, Rome, CE

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56 Middle Aged Flavian Woman, Rome, late 1 st century CE

57 Pantheon, Rome, CE

58 Pantheon-temple of all gods Coffered ceiling Oculus Rotunda

59 Baths of Caracalla, Rome, CE

60 Groin Vault

61 Mosaic

62 Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Roman, 176 CE

63 Four Tetrarchs, Late Roman, ca. 300 CE Tetrarchy: 2 Augustii (Sr.Emperor) and 2 Caesars (Jr. Emperor)=four emperors. One of each in the Western capital: Rome and in the Eastern capital: Byzantium Porphyry

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65 Constantine the Great, , Rome First Christian Emperor of the Roman Empire, Jr. Emperor in the West Defeats Maxentius in 313 at Battle of the Milvian Bridge to be sole ruler in the West Defeats Licinius in 324 to become sole ruler of the Empire Moves capital to Byzantium-Constantinople

66 Arch of Constantine, Rome, CE

67 Roundels date CE

68 Late Roman, Audience Hall, Trier, Germany, 4 th cent.

69 Nave Apse

70 Late Roman, Priestess of Bacchus, from the Diptych of the Symmachi, ca Pagan worship banned by Theodosius I


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