11 All Them Crusades… Fourth Crusade Children’s Crusade 1193CE Collapse of Byzantine EmpireChildren’s Crusade1212CE50,000 childrenVictory on faith and purity
12 All Them Crusades… Late Crusades CETotal of 8+1 crusades1291CE: All Holy Land in Muslim control
13 Effects of the Crusades? Italian port growthAttacks on JewsEnd of FeudalismNobles freed surfs to go fightEstablished stronger central governmentsDeveloped nation-states (i.e. countries)
14 Activity: The Crusades On your sheet of paper illustrate each of the major crusades. Be sure to list the date(s) and the results.
15 Peasants, Trade and Cities AP World HistoryMs. Stanga
16 The population in Europe nearly doubled between 1000CE and 1300CE. Population GrowthPeaceStabilityMore foodClimate change3 field crop rotationNew technologyWind/air powerIronCarrucaHorse inventionsThe population in Europe nearly doubled between 1000CE and 1300CE.
17 Manorial System Lord is in charge Serf’s labor Rent Their land & lord’s landTime off for feastsRentShare of productTitheLegal rights over serfsPermission to leavePermission to marryTried in lord’s courtSerfs weren’t slaves
18 Activity: Cycle of Labor Look at the cycle of labor on your worksheet then answer it’s two questions.
19 Food/Drink Bread Vegetables Cheese Fruits Meats Ale and Wine Often times bread was dark, hard and heavy because of the ingredients used: barley, wheat, rye, etc.Food/DrinkBreadStaple of dietVegetablesCheeseFruitsMeatsAle and WineWater was dirty
20 Revival of Trade Trade fairs Creation of coins Money economyLed to the development of capitalismWidowed women would take over businesses
21 City LifeCrowdedTall structuresFire riskEwwDirtySmellyUgly
22 Industry and Guilds Business associations Apprentice Journeymen First learnerAge 10Not paidJourneymenPracticed learnerAge 15-17PaidDesire to become Master
23 Culture of the High Middle Ages AP World HistoryMs. Stanga
24 Rise of Universities University First university Latin meaning “corporation”First universityBologna, Italy1158CE established a charterRoyalty/Popes thought it honorable to start universitiesBologna, Italy
25 Curricula Lecture = “to read” Liberal arts Grammar, logic, math, music, astronomyExam when applied for a degreeBachelor’s of Arts (4-6 years)Master’s of Arts (6-10 years)Doctor of Philosophy (10+ years)As professors read aloud from the textbooks they often added their own commentary about the work.
26 Scholasticism Attempted to reconcile faith and reason Saint Thomas AquinasSumma TheologicaPosed question, offered opposition, reconciled then offered his explanationMany Christian philosophers were upset by Aristotle’s works because he arrived at conclusions through reason and logic not by faith.
27 Review: The Objectives Turn to the person next to you and answerWhat does “university” mean in Latin?What subjects were taught in the Middle Ages?How long did one have to study to receive each of the three degrees offered?What is the Summa Theologica? Who wrote it?
28 Vernacular Literature Vernacular: language of everyday speech in a regionTroubadour poetryNobles/KnightsWoman made him betterChanson de gesteHeroic epicSong of Roland
29 Architecture: Romanesque 11-12th centuryTwo types of roofs:Long, round stone arch vault (barrel vault)Cross vault (2 barrel vaults)FeaturesRoofs were heavyWalls were big and heavyLimited window space
36 Primary Source: Pisan How did her class affect her writing? Why does she write a dialogue between herself and “reason”/“rectitude” and not “God”?According to Christine, where would men be without women?What are some of the myths about women that she is battling against?How does she refute these myths?How important is classical tradition for Christine? To what uses does she put examples of antiquity and ignore contemporary examples?Do you think she would be considered a feminist today? Why or why not?
37 AP World History Ms. Stanga The Late Middle AgesAP World HistoryMs. Stanga
44 The Hundred Years War French English Armed noble cavalry Cavalry Paid peasant foot soldiersPikesLongbowThe longbow was as tall as the man who carried it. He would draw it by stooping over with the bow parallel to the ground then straighten up, using his leg and back muscles. The arrow was drawn to his ear and thrown.
45 Battle of Crecy 1346 First major battle of the war The illustration above indicates that the English placed their archers on the front lines of their cavalry allowing them to shoot into the thickest part of the French lines.