Presentation on theme: " Founded over 2000 years ago by Romans. One of Germany’s Oldest Cities! Located along the Rhine River and first called Ubii Village in 50 AD and."— Presentation transcript:
Founded over 2000 years ago by Romans. One of Germany’s Oldest Cities! Located along the Rhine River and first called Ubii Village in 50 AD and then named “Cologina”. One of the most important trade centers and became densely populated. Today it is one of the most popular destinations to visit in Germany due to its rich cultural aspects.
Many museums including the most popular Museum Ludwig which contains 20 th century Pop Culture art. Römisch-Germanisches Museum contains the history of the Roman Influence along the Rhine River. The city holds the “Long Night of Museums” once a year in autumn. All museums are opened late and can all be visited at a fixed price of 13 Euro. Many music and art festivals held here.
Is located in the heart of the city and can be seen from any point in the city. Today it is the second highest building in the city. Known for its massive size and gothic architecture.
WHAT IS A GOTHIC CATHEDRAL? It is a large church built using architecture developed during the middle ages. Gothic is a style of architecture influenced by the Romanesque architecture of earlier cathedrals. Built to emphasize verticality and light by eliminating solid walls and columns along with high ceilings and large colored windows. CHARACTERISTICS OF GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE Made of stone (Limestone, Sandstone, Purbeck Marble, Brick, etc) Pointed Arch Flying Buttresses Ribbed Vault Spires Latin cross floor plan with some variation.
LATIN CROSS FLOOR PLAN Nave makes the body of the church and may have single or double aisles. Transept is the perpendicular arm making a cross shape. Round extension of the nave is called the choir, apse, or chancel. Windows illuminate the nave giving a heavenly glow. BASIC GOTHIC FLOOR PLAN
FLYING BUTTRESSES –GIVE SUPPORT T TO THE BUILDING. POINTED ARCH- DEFLECTS WEIGHT TOWARD THE OUTSIDE.
RIBBED VAULT- MAKES UP CEILINGS AND DEFLECTS WEIGHT. SPIRES- USED FOR DECORATION ON OUTSIDE.
Many churches have stood in the same place as this building stands today. The first church was built in 870 and was unchanged until 1170 where it had only minor changes. 1248 - old cathedral was disassembled and the new gothic cathedral was beginning to be built under Archbishop Rinald von Dassel.
During this time, it became one of the most important pilgrimage churches in Europe. 1322 - Gothic choir was complete and surrounded by flying buttresses. Meetings could now be held inside the church. Gero Cross and the Shrine of the Magi were placed here along with burial of saint Irmgardis and important arch bishops.
1794-Nave is built with its aisles and 2 stories of the southern tower. Adorned with furnishings until lack of interest and money stopped the building process. After this the archbishop fled from the church due to French Troops. At this time it served as a storage building until 1801. 1842- Building of cathedral begins again due to the people of Köln’s desire.
1864- Transept is finished and the wooden roof was replaced by iron construction and roof was finally complete. 1880- Both the North and South towers are finished completing the whole cathedral. WWII- hit by 14 aerial bombs destroying parts of the northern transept and other wounds throughout. Many years of repair and reconstruction followed. Even today!
Overall Outside Length : 144.58 m Overall Outside Width : 86.250 m North and South Towers Height : 158 m 533 steps to top of towers Nave Height : 43.35 m Nave Width :45.19 m 4000 places overall 2800 standing places & 1200 seats. Transept Height : 69.95 m Transept Width : 39.95 m
Presented to Cathedral by Archbishop Gero. Made entirely of wood. Stands 6ft 2in and portrays the deep suffering of Christ. Functions as a sculpture and a relic. Located in the Chapel of the Cross.
Shortly after being donated to the cathedral the head of Christ developed a crack on it. It was brought to Archbishop Gero to be repaired because only a holy man can fix it. He placed a splinter from a Holy Cross and a sacramental host into the crack. This cured the crack in the cross and it is no longer visible…….or is it?
AKA. Shrine of 3 Kings. Largest relic in the world. 7ft tall covered in silver, gold, and precious jewels. Holds the 3 gold crowned skulls of the Magi Considered the 1 st religious Pilgrims to see Jesus at his birth.