Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2A Your day in school. Talk about school schedules and subjects Discuss what students do during the day Ask and tell who is doing an action."— Presentation transcript:
Talk about school schedules and subjects Discuss what students do during the day Ask and tell who is doing an action Compare your school with that of a student in a Spanish- speaking country
Fondo cultural Many Spanish words are derived from Latin because Spain was once part of the Roman Empire. Rome occupied most of Spain from about 209 B.C.E. to 586 C.E. During that time, massive public structures, including aqueducts and theaters were built. Some of these, such as the aqueduct that towers over the modern city of Segovia, are still standing. The Latin name for Spain was Hispania. Can you see the similarity between Hispania and the country’s name in Spanish, España?
Vocabulario por capítulo 2A To talk about your school day: el almuerzo – lunch la clase – class la clase de… - … class arte – art español – Spanish ciencias naturales – science ciencias sociales – social studies educación física – physcial education (P.E.) inglés – English matemáticas – mathematics technología – technology/computers
Vocabulario por capítulo 2A el horario – schedule en la _______ hora – in the _______ hour (class period) la tarea – homework To describe school activities- verbs enseñar to teach / to show estudiar to study hablar to talk
To talk about things you need for school la calculadora – calculator la carpeta de argollas – three-ringed binder el diccionario – dictionary necesito – I need necesitas – you need
To talk about the order of things *primero/a – first segundo/a – second *tercero/a – third cuarto/a – fourth quinto/a – fifth sexto/a – sixth séptimo/a – seventh octavo/a – eighth noveno/a – ninth décimo/a – tenth * Changes to primer, tercer before a masculine singular noun.
Adjectives to describe your classes aburrido, a – boring difícil – difficult divertido, a – amusing, fun facíl – easy favorito, a – favorite interesante – interesting más… que – more … than práctico, a – practical
Other useful words… a ver … Let’s see… ¿Quién?Who? parafor muchoa lot (yo) tengoI have (tú) tienesyou have
Subject Pronouns SingularPlural yo - Inosotros/as - we tú - you (informal)vosotros/as - y'all (Spain) usted (Ud.) - you (F)ustedes (Uds.) - you él - heellos - they (m) ella - sheellas - they (f)
How to conjugate a verb What is an infinitive? It is the verb in its un-conjugated form. It is the English equivalent of “to ____” For example, “to speak” or “to sing” It is the verb in its “ar” “er” or “ir” form. To conjugate it, take off the ending Hablar becomes: habl Cantar becomes: cant
After you take the ending (ar, er, ir) off it is called a stem. The stem is the word with the “ending” removed (habl / cant) When you conjugate the verb, each pronoun has a different ending that you add to the stem: -o, -as, -a, - amos, -áis, -an See next slide for an example:
The verb “hablar” conjugated SingularPlural yo habl o - I speaknosotros/as habl amos - we speak tú habl as - you speakvosotros/as habl áis - you speak usted habl a - you speak (F)Uds. habl an - you speak él habl a - he speaksellos habl an - they speak (mp) ella habl a - she speaksellas habl an - they speak (fp)
The verb “cantar” conjugated SingularPlural yo cant o - I speaknosotros/as cant amos - we speak tú cant as - you speakvosotros/as cant áis - you speak usted cant a - you speak (F)Uds. cant an - you speak él cant a - he speaksellos cant an - they speak (mp) ella cant a - she speaksellas cant an - they speak (fp)
Verb endings for –ar verbs SingularPlural yo - o nosotros - amos tú - as vosotros - áis usted - a ustedes - an él - a ellos - an ella - a ellas - an
The verb “necesitar” conjugated SingularPlural yo necesit o - I speaknosotros/as necesit amos - we speak tú necesit as - you speakvosotros/as necest áis - you speak usted necesit a - you speak (F)Uds. necesit an - you speak él necesit a - he speaksellos necesit an - they speak (mp) ella necesit a - she speaksellas necesit an - they speak (fp)
Simón Bolivar Simón Bolivar liberated the territory that is now Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia from Spanish rule. A daring military commander and statesman, Bolivar is revered in South America as el Libertador (the Liberator).
Statue of Bolivar in Washington, D.C. Bust of Bolivar in Lake Eola, Florida
Fernando Botero (1932- ) Picture taken circa 2006
Colombian artist Fernando Botero is among the best know and most respected Latin American artists. his works have been exhibited around the world in prestigious museums, galleries and open-air places. Botero’s style is unique and is easily recognizable.
Cognates that begin with es + consonant Many words in Spanish that begin with es+consonant are easy to understand because they have the same meaning as English words. Knowing this pattern helps you recognize the meaning of new Spanish words and learn them more quickly. Try it out! Look at the words on the next slide – then cover up the the beginning. Name the English words that come from the same root word.
Name the English words that come from the same root word after covering up the “e” at the beginning. estudiante esquiar estudioso especial escuela estricto escena estómago