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Oracle Database Security Kwesi Edwards Dominic Young Principal Solutions Architect Account Manager Oracle Higher Education.

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Presentation on theme: "Oracle Database Security Kwesi Edwards Dominic Young Principal Solutions Architect Account Manager Oracle Higher Education."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Oracle Database Security Kwesi Edwards Dominic Young Principal Solutions Architect Account Manager Oracle Higher Education

3 Data Security Lifecycle Inbound Data Network Encryption Strong Authentication Identity Management Integration Storage Transparent Data Encryption Secure Backup Access Control Database Vault Oracle Label Security Fusion Security Outbound Data Network Encryption Monitor Configuration Scanning Audit Vault

4 Agenda Network Encryption Encryption of data in motion Strong Authentication PKI, Kerberos, Radius Data Encryption Encryption of data at rest Secure Backup Oracle DataVault DB Auditing Audit Vault

5 Network Security Threats 2. Data Modification or Replay 3. Data Disruption Packet stolen Order never arrives $ Data Theft My competitor sees my bids in a sealed auction. $50,000

6 Network Encryption Provided by Oracle for nearly a decade Encrypts all communication with the database AES RSA RC4 (40-, 56-, 128-, 256-bit keys) DES (40-, 56-bit) and 3DES (2- and 3-key) Data integrity with checksums MD5, SHA-1 Automatically detects modifications, replays, missing packets Easy to setup

7 Agenda Network Encryption Encryption of data in motion Strong Authentication PKI, Kerberos, Radius Data Encryption Encryption of data at rest Secure Backup Oracle Data Vault DB Auditing Audit Vault

8 Strong Authentication Kerberos Ease of deployment makes this a popular choice PKI Large customers are working on full scale deployments Strong interest among large Universities Oracle supports SSL accelerators Radius Database integrates with RADIUS

9 Agenda Network Encryption Encryption of data in motion Strong Authentication PKI, Kerberos, Radius Data Encryption Encryption of data at rest Secure Backup Oracle Data Vault DB Auditing Audit Vault

10 The Need for Encryption Worldwide privacy, security laws and regulations Sarbanes-Oxley PCI California SB 1386 Country-specific laws Customer Credit Card Numbers Disks replaced for maintenance Laptops stolen Backups lost Data worthless if encrypted

11 The DBMS_CRYPTO Package Formerly DBMS_OBFUSCATION (Release 8) Extensive control of options Generate as many, or as few keys as you desire Granular access control, Manual salt generation, algorithm selection, chaining mode Limited Transparency

12 Transparent Data Encryption Integrated with the Oracle database for simplicity Alter table encrypt column … Provides application transparency No API calls, database triggers or views required Media protection of PII data Social security numbers Credit Card Numbers Performance Works with existing indexes for fast searches

13 Separation of duties DBA starts up Database Security DBA opens wallet containing master key Wallet password is separate from System or DBA password No access to wallet

14 Master key and column keys Column keys encrypted by master key Master key stored in PKCS#12 wallet Security DBA opens wallet containing master key Column keys encrypt data in columns

15 Oracle Secure Backup: Tape Backup Management  Highest levels of tape data protection at the lowest cost!  Fastest & Best Integrated tape backup for the Oracle Database -Recovery Manager (RMAN) integration -Enterprise Manager (EM) interface  Maximum security options  Free version (limited functionality) will ship with the Oracle Database Oracle Secure Backup Centralized Tape Backup Management Oracle Databases Integration with RMAN File System Data UNIXLinux WindowsNAS Tape

16 Why Use Oracle Secure Backup? Scalable from the department to the data center Database tape backups can now be seamlessly managed by Database Administrators (DBA) or storage group Intelligent integration with RMAN delivering the best performance and security for database backups Easily managed using Enterprise Manager (EM) Single technical support resource for entire backup solution expedites problem resolution Reliable data protection at lower cost and complexity For the Oracle Database and file system data

17 End to End Security Data Encrypted On Backup Files Data Written To Disk Automatically Encrypted Data Automatically Decrypted Through SQL Interface Oracle Advanced Security Network Encryption Oracle Advanced Security Strong Authentication Oracle Advanced Security Transparent Data Encryption

18 Agenda Network Encryption Encryption of data in motion Strong Authentication PKI, Kerberos, Radius Data Encryption Encryption of data at rest Secure Backup Oracle Data Vault DB Auditing Audit Vault

19 Data Vault Objectives Multi-factored approach to database security Protect and share data assets using environmental factors for assurance Defense in depth approach Protect application schemas from system privileges Database Server as Database Appliance Lock Down, Hardened Software and Privileges Comprehensive Audit Policy Separation of Duties

20 Data Vault Protected Schema Protect Data Vault metadata from tampering Remove metadata dependency on SYS schema Access to protected schema only through the administrative roles Provide separation of duties by different administrative roles Password required for SYS login No OSDBA group membership

21 Agenda Network Encryption Encryption of data in motion Strong Authentication PKI, Kerberos, Radius Data Encryption Encryption of data at rest Secure Backup Oracle DataVault DB Auditing Audit Vault

22 AUDITING Audit & monitor database activity Logon failures, privilege usage, data access, object access,and other activities Standard Audit Trail (over 250 audit actions) Gives first level of information about access to the database Statement auditing Privilege auditing Schema Object auditing Fine-Grained Auditing (FGA) Gives second level of information about specific operations to the database Enables you to monitor data access based on content. Oracle Database 10g Auditing

23 Fine-grained auditing (FGA) Beginning with Oracle9i Database, Oracle provides the capability to audit specific rows within a table. This is accomplished using the DBMS_FGA package. Features Attach audit policy to table or view Specify audit condition using a SQL predicate User’s query text with bind variables are written to audit record upon a triggering audit event Event handler can alert administrator to triggering condition (e.g. write record to log, send page)

24 10gR2 10gR1 Oracle 9iR2 (Future) Other Sources, Databases MonitorPolicies Reports Security Collect and Consolidate Audit Data Simplify Compliance Reporting Detect and Prevent Insider Threats Scale and Security Lower IT Costs With Audit Policies

25 Oracle Audit Vault Oracle Database Vault DB Security Evaluation #19 Transparent Data Encryption EM Configuration Scanning Fine Grained Auditing (9i) Secure application roles Client Identifier / Identity propagation Oracle Label Security Proxy authentication Enterprise User Security Global roles Virtual Private Database (8i) Database Encryption API Strong authentication (PKI, Kerberos, RADIUS) Native Network Encryption (Oracle7) Database Auditing Government customer Oracle Database Security 30 years of Innovation

26 Agenda Network Encryption Encryption of data in motion Strong Authentication PKI, Kerberos, Radius Data Encryption Encryption of data at rest Secure Backup Oracle DataVault DB Auditing Audit Vault

27 For More Information or oracle.com/security Transparent Data Encryption

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