2 AimTo familiarise students with the construction, hazards and risks associated with shipping incidents
3 Learning Outcomes At the end of the session students will be able to state: The more common types of shipping using the River HumberThe principal construction features of a shipThe fixed fire-fighting systems found on shipsThe hazards and risks associated with shipping incidents.
9 Construction Features All ships have decks although these are named differently according to the vessel typeCargoGenerally decks are named as; shelter deck, tween deck, lower hold
10 Construction Features All ships have decks although these are named differently according to the vessel typePassengerDecks may be named, eg. promenade, sunlight etc. but new SOLAS regulations require decks to be numbered fro keel up.
11 Construction Features All ships have decks although these are named differently according to the vessel typeRoyal NavyNumbered from weather deck down; 1, 2, 3 etc. and superstructure from weather deck up; 01, 02, 03 etc.
12 Construction Features Ships are compartmented by the use of bulkheads, of which there are three types;Tranverse (Run across the ship)Longitudinal (Run the length of the ship)Watertight (Usually across the ship)Note: Watertight bulkheads have watertight doors which can be closed remotely.
15 Machinery SpacesAll modern ships have machinery spaces at different locations around the vessel;Engine roomSteerageAuxiliary plant (fire pumps, generators, etc)Firefighters must be aware that machinery may be still operating or start automatically.
16 Machinery SpacesA shaft tunnel runs from the engine room aft and contains the propeller shaftMay be used for storage of lubricating oil, paint etc.An escape shaft runs vertically to a hatch at deck levelMay be used to gain access to incidents involving the engine room.
21 Hazards and risksLifejackets: Must be worn when working near water unless wearing breathing apparatusVertical ladders: May run the full height of the vessel, ensure trapdoors are shut before stepping offExtremely Hot Conditions: Notify Incident Commander if conditions worsen or are untenable.
28 Stability If too much water accumulates high up in the vessel Or too much water accumulates on one sideThe ship will become unstable, start to list and possibly capsize, if corrective action is not taken.
43 StabilityIt is important that the application and location of any water is controlled and monitoredDo not apply water in locations without the Incident Commander’s knowledgeAny accumulation of water in areas must be reported to the Incident Commander.
44 StabilityThese general rules apply equally to special services where the fire service may be called to assist in pumping out a vesselThe location of any water must be controlled and monitoredAny accumulation of water in areas must be reported to the Incident Commander as pumping out progresses.
45 Confirmation Assessments will be based on this lesson and the corresponding study note Learning OutcomesThe more common types of shipping using the River HumberThe principal construction features of a shipThe fixed fire-fighting systems found on shipsThe hazards and risks associated with shipping incidents.