Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Gender and Economics 2014 ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT FELLOWS PROGRAM Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center The University of Montana Celia Winkler, J.D., Ph.D. Associate.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Gender and Economics 2014 ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT FELLOWS PROGRAM Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center The University of Montana Celia Winkler, J.D., Ph.D. Associate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gender and Economics 2014 ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT FELLOWS PROGRAM Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center The University of Montana Celia Winkler, J.D., Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of Sociology University of Montana

2 Employment & Earnings Wage Gap Education Employment & Earnings

3 Wage Gap

4

5

6 Education & Earnings

7

8

9

10 Working Labor Force Participation Job Clustering Child Care Labor Force Participation

11

12

13

14 Richland County

15 Labor Force Participation

16 Job Clustering

17 Child Care

18 Work Time

19 harder-men-especially-Italy-11-hours-week.html

20 Poverty Individuals Children Retirement

21 Measuring Poverty  In the U.S., the poverty threshold is a historical artifact, based on a 1964 study that found that households spent 1/3 of their income on food, on average.  The 1964 poverty line was 3 times the cost of the “thrifty” food basket.  Since then, it has been adjusted according to increases in the cost of living  Several proposals to change this measure to take into account both differential costs and benefits available in various regions of the country.

22 Poverty Thresholds United States Poverty Thresholds 2013

23 ½ Median: $13,499 Poverty Thresholds Poverty Line: $12,119

24 Extent of Poverty in the US, 1959 – 2009 Year % Poor Poverty Line (Family of 4) Median Income (Family of 4) Poverty Line as % of Median Income %$2,973$6, % %$3,223$8, % %$3,968$11, % %$5,500$15, % %$8,414$24, % %$10,989$32, % %$13,359$41, % %$15,569$49, % %$17,604$62, % %$19,971$69, % %$21,756$72, % %$22,811$75, % Poverty Thresholds

25 Poverty: Individuals United States

26 Poverty: Individuals

27 Relative Poverty Rates among Women, mid-2000s Poverty: Women Janet C. Gornick and Markus Jäntti “Women, Poverty, and Social Policy Regimes: A Cross-National Analysis.” LIS Working Paper No. 534.

28 Poverty: Individuals

29

30 Source: U.S. Census Bureau 2012, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates

31 Poverty: Individuals

32

33 Poverty: Children

34

35 Poverty: United States

36 https://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/historical/hstpov7.xls


Download ppt "Gender and Economics 2014 ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT FELLOWS PROGRAM Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center The University of Montana Celia Winkler, J.D., Ph.D. Associate."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google