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decano (4-etil, 5-metil, 6-isopropil)
Catena lineare 6 atoni Ciclo 6 atomi 4-methyl-1-(4-methylcyclohexyl)hexane1-methyl-4-(4-methylhexyl)cyclohexane
Un ciclo con 5 atomi di carbonio una catena con 4 atomi di carbonio ramificata La catena è un butile precisamente un terz-butile (1,1-dimethylethyl)cyclopentane
heptadecane (eptadecano) 4-ciclopropil 5-sec-butil (o 1-metilpropil) 8-isopropil 11-(3-metilpentil) 12-metil
5-sec-butyl-4-cyclopropyl-8-isopropyl-11-(3-methylpentyl)-12-methylheptadecane (5-sec-butyl-8-isopropyl-12-methyl-11-(3-methylpentyl)heptadecan-4-yl)cyclopropane ?
1 2 3 5 4 6 7 8 9 10 10 ethyl 1,4,7 methyl
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011
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H H H H H H H H | | | | | | | | H - C - C - C - C - C - C - C - C - H | | | | | | | H H H H H H H H H H | | | H - C - C - C - C - H | | | H H H H -
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Alkenes Contain a double bond They get the suffix “-ene” and the number of the carbon atom the double bond is on (lowest number) Molecular formula Subtract.
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Isomers of C 4 H 10 C – C – C – C CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 Butane C C – C – C CH 3 CH (CH 3 ) CH 3 2 – methyl - propane.
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