3Why raise your own Queens Cost – Typical cost is around $ $25.00Advantage - Have extra queens avail if neededProved Stock -Raise from you own “Good”producing colonies.Mite and disease resistanceQuality
4Bees rear queens because of one of the following conditions Emergency.Supersedure.SwarmingWe get the most cells and the best feeding for the queens if we simulate both Emergency and Overcrowding.
6The Jenter Method of Queen Production This system is used to produce young larvae to besubsequently transferred to the cell starter.Equipment Needed:The complete Jenter queen rearing kitdrawn brood frame or medium depth frame.Pre-Requisites:Breeder queenCell starter colony / cell finisher colonyMating nuc.
7Step 1 Prepare Cell Frame Insert all the cell plugs into the Confined Queen Lay area of Frame
8Step 2 – Prepare cell frame (2) Days prior to confinement of queen in Jenter frameInsert frame in colony so bees can polishcellsRemove the complete cover so bees can access cells to clean up.
9Beekeeping Calendar Example Queen Rearing Calendar for 1/10/2015 Brought to you by “The Beekeepers of the Susquehanna Valley”
10Day # DOW Date Task/Status Notes 1 Wednesday 1/7 The egg is laid by the queen mother2 Thursday 1/8 Select or create a queenless cell builder colonyFriday 1/94 Saturday 1/10 Graft the day-old larvae into cell cups, and insert into a queenless cell builder colony.5 Sunday 1/11 Check your grafts: the bees should have started to draw out the cells and feed the larvae with royal jelly.If not, re-graft.6 Monday 1/127 Tuesday 1/138 Wednesday 1/14 Queen cells are capped9 Thursday 1/15 Sensitive developmental phase - do not move cells and be very gentle when opening the hive.10 Friday 1/1611 Saturday 1/1712 Sunday 1/18 Move the capped queen cells into mating nucs13 Monday 1/1914 Tuesday 1/2015 Wednesday 1/21 Queens hatch16 Thursday 1/2217 Friday 1/23 Discard any unhatched cells18 Saturday 1/2419 Sunday 1/2520 Monday 1/26 Mating Flights21 Tuesday 1/2722 Wednesday 1/2823 Thursday 1/2924 Friday 1/3025 Saturday 1/3126 Sunday 2/127 Monday 2/228 Tuesday 2/329 Wednesday 2/430 Thursday 2/531 Friday 2/632 Saturday 2/733 Sunday 2/8 Check Nuc for eggs.34 Monday 2/935 Tuesday 2/1036 Wednesday 2/1137 Thursday 2/1238 Friday 2/13 Check Nuc for larvae.39 Saturday 2/14 Larvae found? If so, the queen is ready!40 Sunday 2/15 Re-queen if no eggs are present.
11Step 3 – Cage queen in frame Day (0) Catch queen, and place in enclosed cell frame, make sure cover is on tight, and the queen excluder plug is in place.Caged queen should lay out enclosed cells in 24 hrs, this is important , so will you know the age of larvae to be grafted.
12Step 4 – Release queen Day (1) Day (1) for counting days till hatch (16) daysYou now want to remove cover of enclosed cell unit and let queen and attendants rejoin colony.
13Step 5 – Prepare cell bars 1. Coat cell bars with thin layer of beeswax2. Push cell base into the warm beeswax3. Add a additional coat of beeswax aroundthe cell base. This will insure a good solidseal to cell bar.
14Step 6 – Make Up Cell Starter/Finisher colony (Day 3) Shake or Brush bees from donor colonies. Try and use bees from frames of eggs/larvae (Nurse Bees)Frames of Honey & Pollen NO frames with eggs or larva. NO queen.
15We add a feeder of syrup to the starter colony to make sure they are well fed. We usually place this colony inside in a dark area, using screen on bottom & top, this helps to keep the bees calm prior to inserting the cells
17You can leave your starter box open to allow bees to fly free, or you can contain bees using a double screen on bottom and top, and place inside in a dark room.We have started to confine the bees for the first hours, this has really helped the first several grafts, as the weather in early April can be unpredictable.
18Step – Day 5/6 Check on cells After the first hours,,, the nurse bees will be busy feeding the young larvae
19We have used the cell starter as the finisher colony also, which has worked well for us.An option would be to create a cell starter anda finisher colony.
20Day 12- Make Up Nuc’s 2- frames brood Pollen/nectar Feed???? Spray bees with sugar syrup to keep from flying.
24Day 13 – Pull/Set Cells in nuc’s Must pull cells on time no matter whatKeep in mind .. The 13th day is very criticalto pull cells and place in nuc.If a queen hatches early… she will destroyany remaining cells.Check the cells prior to placing in nucs
25An addition to the Jenter system, is a clear plastic tube, which fits over the sealed queen cell to allow the queen to hatch in the tube.This eliminates the issue of a queen hatching early and destroying unhatched queen cells.