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Kahuna Kilo Hoku Ancient Astronomer Expertly skilled in the study of the heavenly bodies Trained from childhood The rising and setting of stars were observed.

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Presentation on theme: "Kahuna Kilo Hoku Ancient Astronomer Expertly skilled in the study of the heavenly bodies Trained from childhood The rising and setting of stars were observed."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Kahuna Kilo Hoku Ancient Astronomer Expertly skilled in the study of the heavenly bodies Trained from childhood The rising and setting of stars were observed all night, memorized and passed down to future generations After discovery of a new island, the altitude of stars would be Observed and put into the stories of the navigators. The knowledge would enable them to find the island again By memorizing the stars locations the Kahuna could always find the way home Stone platforms were oriented in some relationship to certain celestial events

3 Modern Navigators

4 A brotherhood of experts trained to acute powers of observation and memory, Polynesian navigators were also priests responsible for conducting the rituals of their profession and invoking spiritual help. Whereas the modern navigator is equipped to fix his position without reference to his place of departure, the Polynesian used a system that was home-oriented. He kept a mental record of all courses steered and all phenomena affecting the movement of the canoe, tracing these backwards in his mind so that at any time he could point in the approximate direction of his home island and estimate the sailing time required to reach it—a complex feat of dead reckoning. This required careful attention. It also meant insufficient sleep. It's been said that the navigator could always be distinguished among his companions on a canoe by his bloodshot eyes. K ā hun ā Kilo H ō k ū Ancient Navigator

5 Kalākaua’s Interest in Astronomy In 1874 Hosted English Astronomy Expedition “Transit of Venus”

6 Transit of Venus Location First Observatory on Punchbowl Street, O ʻ ahu

7 Transit of Venus Astronomy Expedition Address read to the audience of astronomers at ʻ Iolani Palace, December 15, 1874: King Kalākaua “It will afford me unfeigned satisfaction if my kingdom can add its quota toward the successful accomplishment of the most important astronomical observation of the present century and assist, however humbly, the enlightened nations of the earth in these costly enterprises...”

8 King Kalākaua’s desire to have an observatory in Hawai ʻ i : October 20, 1881 – Lick Observatory Log: “King Kalākaua observed until well after midnight;” “The King got up at 9:00 am after breakfast he went on the hill and told me he was delighted with what he saw and says he wants a transit at his place.”

9 King Kalākaua’s 1881 Visit to Lick Observatory First visitor to use 12" telescope at Mt. Hamilton, CA - October 1881 King’s letter to Captain R.S. Floyd requesting visit ( dated Nov.11,1880): “Something of the kind is needed here very much, but we have so few people who take interest in scientific matters. Everybody is bent upon making money on sugar and the all mighty dollar.” Mary Shane Archives, Lick Observatory, UCSC

10 Visit to Lick Observatory, 1881 Credit: Mary Shane Archives, Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz

11 Technology at ʻ Iolani Palace 1886 Arc Lighting demonstrated for King’s Jubilee Birthday 1887 Palace wired and generator installed 1888 Permanent electric street lights 1889 Government electric plant

12 What Would King Kalākaua Think Today?

13 Photo Credits Bishop Museum Archives 1968.385 (no negative). “Iolani Palace Illuminated,” August 12, 1898. Photographer: F.J. Lowery. Government & Politics.Buildings.Iolani Palace. Illuminated. 1992.0011.0007 (no negative) “Venus as seen from telescope, Honolulu, 1874”. Photographer: Edwin Myers (?). Sciences.Astronomy. BM 30, 081 (no negative). “Fishhooks-One-piece barbed rotating hooks are of turtle shell, top, and whale ivory and were collected by the explorers. They were probably made as souvenirs and trade items. Lines on rotating hooks are always attached to the inside of the shank top for rotating action. If attached to the outside hook would bend backwards scale [sic]. Book 2, pg. 39. CP 117,610. “Sketch of proposed double screw invention by King David Kalakaua from his scrapbook,” ca. 1872. Photographer: Christine Takata. People.Kalakaua.Scrapbook. CP 117,611. “Sketch of proposed torpedo cannon by King David Kalakaua from his scrapbook,” ca, 1872. Photographer: Christine Takata. People.Kalakaua.Scrapbook. CP 118,649. “Kaimuki Observatory of the College of Hawaii. Diamond Head in distance,” ca. 1910. Photographer: Ellerman. Sciences.Astronomy. CP 99,206. “Kalakaua Scrapbook-front & back inside covers. Pre-PRCC treatment photo, 1986,” ca. 1874. People.Kalakaua.Scrapbook. CP 99,880. “Marshall Island navigation charts.” Marshall Islands. Transportation.Navigation. CPBM 31,725. “King David Kalakaua,” ca 1874. Photographer: Bradley & Rulofson, San Francisco. People.Kalakaua. 1874-1881, folder 2.

14 Photo Credits Bishop Museum Archives CP 127132. “The Reciprocity Commission (lt.-rt.): John O. Dominis, H.A. Peirce, Kalakaua, E.M. Mayor (private secretary), Johm M. Kapena, in San Francisco, California,” 1874. Photographer: Bradley & Rulofson, San Francisco. Government & Politics.Monarchy.Kalakaua, 1874-1891. CP 45398. “Iolani Palace, Honolulu, Hawaii, as seen from Judiciary Building,” pre-1900. Government & Politics.Buildings. Iolani Palace.From Judiciary Building. CP 56433. “Canoes and fishing nets, Waikiki, Honolulu, Hawaii,” 1886. Photographer: Alfred Mitchell. Geography. Oahu. Waikiki, pre-1900, folder 1. CP 96160. “Bringing the Trans-Pacific cable [from Mainland U.S. to Hawaii] ashore at Sans Souci Beach, Waikiki, Honolulu, Hawaii; group includes: Mrs. A.G. Hawes (with flowers on cable; the Hawes family owned Sans Souci), Mr. & Mrs. Jack Hawes, Mr. & Mrs. Gerrit Wilder, Mr. & Mrs. Ranney Scott, Dr. & Mrs. Humphreys, Mr. & Mrs. F.M. Hatch, Sid Hatch, Miss Harriet Hatch, Gilchrist Hatch, Whilhelmina Tenney, Manuel Reis, Canavaro (?), ” December 1902. Hedemann Collection. Communications.Public Utilities. Credit: Photographer/Bishop Museum. 3/23/2004


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