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Roundworms Belongs to Phylum: Nematoda Roundworms are EVERYWHERE !! Roundworms are all around us.Roundworms are all around us. They vary in size from.

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Presentation on theme: "Roundworms Belongs to Phylum: Nematoda Roundworms are EVERYWHERE !! Roundworms are all around us.Roundworms are all around us. They vary in size from."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Roundworms Belongs to Phylum: Nematoda

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4 Roundworms are EVERYWHERE !! Roundworms are all around us.Roundworms are all around us. They vary in size from microscopic to a meter longThey vary in size from microscopic to a meter long A single rotting apple can have as many as 90,000 roundworms and a small bucket of soil or pond water can have as many as 1 millionA single rotting apple can have as many as 90,000 roundworms and a small bucket of soil or pond water can have as many as 1 million

5 Main Characteristics of Roundworms Unsegmented- meaning they have no distinguished body parts Simplest animal to have a digestive system with two openings-both an anus and a mouth Have a pseudocoleom-meaning their colon is not completely covered in mesoderm

6 Anatomy of a Roundworm Simplest animals with a digestive system with two openings – a mouth and an anus Have several ganglia-groups of nerves-but lack a brain Muscles run in strips along the length of the body walls Breath and excrete their metabolic wastes through their body walls

7 Pseudocoelomates Roundworms have a pseudocolon meaning that they have a colon that is not completely covered by mesoderm. mesoderm

8 Roundworm infection Heartworm Guinea Worms - Break out of skin when mature

9 Ascaris Life Cycle 1.Adult worms live the intestines. Eggs are passed with the feces 2. Fertile eggs become infective after several weeks 3.Infective eggs are swallowed 4.the larvae hatch 5 invade the intestinal wall, and are carried through circulation to the lungs. 6.The larvae mature further in the lungs (10 to 14 days), penetrate the alveolar walls, ascend to the throat, and are swallowed. 7.reaching the small intestine, they develop into adult worms

10 Roundworm Reproduction Roundworms reproduce sexually Most species have separate male and female, though some are hermaphrodites Fertilization takes place inside the female She later then lays eggs, which turn to larvae, then to adult worms Roundworm Egg

11 Affects on Human Life Though they are very numerous around the world, roundworms do not exert a lot of positive influence in the everyday lives of humans so they are easy to ignore parasitic roundworms are responsible for some terrible diseases Heartworm

12 Found in the tropics Nearly ¼ of the population are infected with hookworm The eggs hatch and develop outside the body of the host Burrow into un- protected skin (often the feet) and enter the blood stream Travel from the lungs up to the pharynx and are swallowed They dig into the intestinal wall and suck the blood of the host cause weakness and poor growth Hookworm

13 HOOKWORMS

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15 Trichinosis The larvae then travel through the blood stream until they find a tissue to burrow into The larvae form cysts inside the muscle tissue of the host and become inactive. The adult worms live and mate in the intestines The females burrow into the intestinal wall and lay up to 1500 eggs This “burrowing” causes Great Pain towards its host Cyst Worm Larvae

16 complete their life cycle when the muscle tissue is eaten (only carnivores can be infected) Most common animals infected are rats and pigs People get this disease from eating not completely cooked rat or pork RATS PIGS

17 Filarial Worms Found in tropics Thread-like worms Live in blood/lymph vessels of birds and mammals Transmitted by mosquitoes Can block the vessels – causing elephantiasis (now rare)

18 Elephantiasis

19 Eye Worms Related to filarial worms Found in Africa Infect humans and baboons Live in sub-cutaneous tissues Sometimes travel across the eye

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