Presentation on theme: "The Integration of the Georgia Student Achievement Pyramid of Interventions with Comprehensive School Counseling: A Framework that Supports All Students."— Presentation transcript:
The Integration of the Georgia Student Achievement Pyramid of Interventions with Comprehensive School Counseling: A Framework that Supports All Students Gail M. Smith, Supervisor School Counseling Debbie Lozo, Supervisor Special Education Laurel Kinard, Director Student Assistance Programs
Georgia’s Student Achievement Pyramid of Interventions a framework of instructional/behavioral interventions that maximizes student performance for ALL students.
How does the Pyramid of Interventions maximize student performance?
It is a model that is Proactive Collaborative Data-driven Multi-tiered Whole child centered
Pyramid of Interventions Tier 1: Performance Based Instruction for ALL students : Standards based curriculum Research-based practices and strategies Differentiated instruction Effective classroom management Guided by progress monitoring and balanced assessment Planned to address developmental domains (academic, communication/language, social/emotional, etc.) Tier 2: Targeted Interventions Tier 1 + more “TLC” Standard intervention protocols Problem solving process & data analysis Tailored to student needs Enhanced opportunities for extended learning Targeted small groups and selected individuals Includes more frequent progress monitoring Planned to address developmental domains (academic, communication/language, social/emotional, etc.) Tier 3: Intensive Interventions - SST Individualized – refine and intensify More indepth assessment & data analysis Strategies & interventions tailored to specific needs Consideration for referral to special education and/other programs only when data indicates a need Tier 4: Specially Designed Instruction – Special Education
Tier 1 What All Students Receive Performance based instruction for all students Standards based curriculum Research based practices Differentiated instruction Effective classroom management Attention to developmental domains (academic, communication/ language, social/emotional, etc.) Progress monitoring and problem solving Assessment to determine what students need
Tier 2 Targeted Interventions, Additional Focus and Intensity Interventions are available in the general education setting Opportunities to increase exposure (engaged time on targeted content) Problem Solving Process and data analysis Tailored to student needs Designed for flexible groupings, some small groups Attention to developmental domains More frequent progress monitoring Short term in nature - most Tier 2 interventions should have an end Documentation of interventions and outcomes begins
Tier 3 Intensive, Individualized More individualized problem solving model Can include Title 1, Reading Recovery, remedial services, and other district initiatives as long as interventions and strategies are documented Includes longer term interventions In depth assessment, formative assessments, and data analysis More specialized strategies and interventions Child specific focus Data used for consideration of eligibility for special education are the data that have been gathered through the provision of supplemental services using Pyramid of Intervention services in Tier 1 & 2
Tier 4 Specially Designed Learning Specialized programs, methodologies, or instructional deliveries Greater frequency of progress monitoring
Whole Group Classroom Teacher Smaller Group School Intervention Teams Individualized Core Team -decrease group size -increase “dosage” or amount of interventions -use flexible groups Behavioral Interventions -individual behavior plan - classroom behavior management plan -school wide discipline Specially Designed
Behavioral Interventions Rarely does behavior occur without relationship to the academic environment. Georgia Department of Education, 2008
Tier 1 What All Students Receive Universal school-wide expectations, rules, and procedures serve as the standards for behavior 80-90% are expected to respond positively. Georgia Department of Education, 2008
Tier 2 Targeted Interventions, Additional Focus and Intensity Most common data used is office referral Most common screener is classroom teacher Targeted skills include re-teaching and practice of specific behaviors Monitored by teacher checklists, office referrals, or rating scales Georgia Department of Education, 2008
Tier 3 Intensive, Individualized May include a more in depth analysis of student’s behavior May include a functional behavioral assessment Academic assessments may also be completed as the link between academic deficits and behavior can not be ignored A Behavior Intervention Plan may be developed Georgia Department of Education, 2008
Tier 4 Specially Designed Learning Specialized programs, methodologies, or instructional deliveries Greater frequency of progress monitoring Georgia Department of Education, 2008
A Comprehensive School Counseling Program American School Counselor Association, 2003 A program foundation A delivery system A management system Accountability
Classroom Guidance Intentional Guidance Individual Support Specialized Interventions School Counseling Pyramid School School Improvement
School Improvement The school improvement plan is the basis of an effective school counseling program. Needs assessment School profile Data
Tier 1 Guidance Curriculum “Developmental in design, educational and preventive in nature, and comprehensive in scope, the guidance curriculum ensures that every student in the school will receive services from the guidance program.” Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Tier 2 Intentional Guidance “The intentional guidance philosophy is that some kids need more.” Disaggregating data can reveal equity and access issues: Competencies Barriers to learning Systemic issues Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Tier 3 Individual Support Can include: Individual student planning (appraisal or advisement) Consultation with parents, teachers, other educators, community Individual counseling Crisis counseling/response Referrals Peer facilitation Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
In the past, school counselors were trained to deliver services one-on- one, behind closed doors, ancillary to the academic program. Today, individual counseling can be considered a Tier 3 intervention.
With the introduction of the comprehensive model, the delivery of services has shifted from primarily Tier 3 to Tier 1, classroom guidance Tier 2, intentional guidance and Tier 3, individual support
Both models have the same goal in mind – EQUITY and ACCESS to quality instructional and behavioral support for ALL students to maximize student performance.
Pyramid of Interventions School Counseling Pyramid
Effective school counseling programs are linked to School Improvement and overlap with the Pyramid of Interventions.
The shift is encouraging counselors to develop data- driven practices that support School Improvement and maximize Student Performance rather than operate in isolation.
Cobb County School District Intervention/Prevention Programs Coalition of Treatment Providers Sources of Strength QPR Cobb Cyber Safe Youth Leadership Botvin Life Skills Second Step Violence Prevention Curriculum Olweus Bully Prevention SUPER Program Emergency Response and Crisis Management Community Collaborations Gang Prevention and Intervention Positive School Climate Initiatives Comprehensive/Developmental School Counseling Curriculum
Activity Think about the interventions conducted by your school counseling program and or other support personnel in your school or district. List them on the appropriate tier on your pyramid.
Classroom Guidance Intentional Guidance Individual Support Specialized Interventions School Counseling Pyramid
The effective integration of the Pyramid of Interventions with Comprehensive School Counseling practices requires developing a common language — data is the foundation.
Evidence-Based vs Research-Based Evidence-Based: Specific interventions supported by well-designed, independent research studies. Research-Based: Methods, content, materials developed in guidance from the collective research and scientific community Georgia Department of Education, 2008
Types of Data Process Perception Results
Process Data Provides evidence the intervention occurred Reports who, what, where, when and how Does not report how students are different
Perception Data Reports what a student believes, knows or can demonstrate Measures ASK Attitudes Skills Knowledge Hatch, T. (2006) Behavior
Results Data Achievement Related –attendance –discipline –parent involvement –homework completion –course enrollment patterns
Results Data Achievement –Standardized test scores –SAT/ACT scores –Graduation rates –GPAs –AP tests –College prep course completion
Hatching Results Conceptual Diagram Guidance Lessons Group Counseling Who? What? When? Where? How Long? Competency Attainment Data Achievement Related Data Achievement Data Process DataPerception Data Results Data Attitudes Skills Knowledge Behavior Change Attendance Discipline referrals Parent Involvement Homework completion Course enrollment patterns SAT/ACT Scores Graduation rates GPA AP Tests College prep class completion Hatch, T. (2006) Guidance Curriculum Intentional Guidance (intervention)
Outcome Measures “For many school counseling interventions, there is not a direct link between the intervention and the ultimate desired change in behavior and performance.” Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Outcome Measures “Different measures are appropriate at different points in the causal chain that links the intervention with the change in achievement.” Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Types of Outcome Measures Immediate - corresponds to the competencies (knowledge, skills, attitudes) that the curriculum was designed to help students attain Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Types of Outcome Measures Proximal – measures specific outcomes or school behavior an intervention is designed to address and are often achievement related. Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Types of Outcome Measures Distal – measures the effects of an intervention on more distant outcomes such as school behavior and/or achievement; the eventual change that is required. Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Perform Study Skills Score Higher On Class Exams The Relationship Among Levels of Outcomes and Categories of Data Perform Self-Talk Skills Show Higher Self-Efficacy Intervention Immediate Outcomes Proximal Outcomes Distal Outcomes Academic Group Intervention Perform Better On State Test Process Data (Knowledge, Attitudes, Skills) Results Data Standards and Competency Data Achievement- Related Data Achievement- Related or Achievement Data Immediate Data Intermediate Data Long-Range Data Dimmitt, Carey, & Hatch (2007)
Examples in Handouts Guidance Curriculum Action Plan Intentional Guidance Action Plan
Conclusion When school counselors build their school counseling programs on The Pyramid of Interventions and The School Improvement Plan, the result is improved student performance for all students.
Pyramid of Interventions School Improvement Comprehensive School Counseling Student Performance
References American School counselor Association. (2003). The ASCA National Model: A framework for school counseling programs. Alexandria, VA. Adelman H., & Taylor, L. (1999). Coalition for cohesive policy in addressing barriers to development and learning. UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools. Dimmitt, C., Carey, J. C., & Hatch, T. (2007). Evidence-based school counseling: Making a difference with data-driven practices. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press. Georgia Department of Education. (2008). Response to intervention: Georgia’s achievement pyramid of interventions. Atlanta, GA. Metro GLRS. (2007). Georgia’s student Achievement pyramid of interventions and rti: From understanding to practice. Atlanta, GA.