Presentation on theme: "The Church Chapter 8. The Church: “Sacred Assembly” Kahal (Hebrew) -> Kyriake (Greek) -> Kirche (German) - >Church (English) = “sacred assembly” The Church,"— Presentation transcript:
The Church: “Sacred Assembly” Kahal (Hebrew) -> Kyriake (Greek) -> Kirche (German) - >Church (English) = “sacred assembly” The Church, instituted by Jesus, traces its ancestry, in a sense, back to the “sacred assembly” at the foot of Mount Sinai: At the foot of a mountain in the Sinai desert, the Israelite community encountered God and were transformed utterly by it. That encounter gave them a new identity (God’s chosen people) and a new destiny (God’s chosen instruments to re-create the world.)
Plan of God - St. Paul wrote, “This plan, which God will complete when the time is right, is to bring all creation together… It is through Christ that all of us, Jews and Gentiles, are able to come in one Spirit into the presence of the Father” Ephesians 1:10-11, 22-23
No other religion came about as did Israel’s. Others sprang from nature. Israel's sprang from history – at a specific moment in time, at a specific place on this planet, they encountered the awesome Creator of the universe and were totally transformed by the encounter. (Christianity and Islam both owe their origin, in at least part, to Israel.)
The Kingdom of God: – manifests the invisible “presence of God among us” by certain signs – for example, when people: Love one another Forgive one another Carry one another’s burdens Work together for peace on earth – Is manifested its whenever people proclaim the Good news and live their lives according to God’s will The Church was revealed to the world at Pentecost – The embryonic Church emerged from the womb – Pentecost is the “birthday” of the Church – The Church became the seed, sign and instrument that will effect the “coming” of God’s Kingdom on earth – The Church and the Kingdom of God will reach perfection when Jesus returns!
Instituted, Revealed & Perfected “Kingdom of Satan” unleashed three ancient evils: sin, sickness and death. – Humanity had no defense against them Jesus came to rescue the human race and inaugurate the “Kingdom of God.” The “Kingdom of God” is in a process of destroying the “Kingdom of Satan.” – The “Kingdom of Satan” is not dead yet, but in the process of dying, its days are number – it is like a prisoner on death row awaiting execution. – (Each time we say the Lord’s Prayer, we pray, “Thy Kingdom come.”) The Kingdom of God in its present state is God’s presence among us, gradually and invisibly re- creating us and our world.
Unfinished Work What have you done to work for the Church’s completion? What are you doing now? What ought you do in the future? 1.Live according to Jesus’ teaching 2.Discern your gifts and ask the Holy Spirit’s guiding as to how to use them for the benefit of the Kingdom “Become all God created you to be; Become the best version of yourself.”
Models of the Church Discuss Saxe’s poem about 6 blind men and an elephant, pg 105 How can we keep from making the mistake of the blind men in our trying to describe Church? Our individual viewpoint of the Church is very limited Three models of Church stand out Scripture: 1.People of God 2.Body of Christ 3.Temple of the Spirit Jesus used many images to describe the Kingdom of God. (Seed: Mat 13:31-32; yeast: Mat 13:3; pearl: Mat 13:45-46) Jesus’ images are always clustered together, never alone – Models are like viewpoints – never rely on just one (like the blind men)
People of God: – If you wish to know the heart and soul of another – become his close friend or trust someone who is; so it is knowing Jesus. – The new Testament was written by a community of a “People of God” who knew Jesus intimately: “You are to bear witness because form the beginning you are with me” John 15:27 – We have to trust that the inner secrets of Jesus’ heart and soul were entrusted to the early Christian community – or we have lost Jesus forever. – We can never forget or sever our continuity with the Christian community that knew Jesus and authored the new Testament. – Thus it is in foolishness that some people say, “I follow Jesus in my own way. I don’t need a Church (the People of God) to tell me what to do or to interpret the Scripture for me.”
Body of Christ: Church: – is a living organism: Body of the Risen Christ – as Jesus shared the Father’s life, we share Jesus' life Jesus preaches, heals, forgives: – Gospel times: Jesus acted through the physical actions of his historical body – Today: Jesus continues to act through the liturgical and sacramental actions of his mystical body
Temple of the Spirit Soul=Holy Spirit Human BodyBody of Christ Soul/Holy Spirit – Permeate the body – Unify the body – Enliven the body Which of the three images of Church: People of God, Body of Christ, Temple of the Spirit, appeals to you most, why?
Marks of the Church Our Creeds: – Apostles Creed - 12 articles summarizing the faith of the Apostles, Baptismal creed, from early centuries of Christianity – Nicene Creed - longer, more detailed, from Council of Nicea, 325 AD Four Marks: – One We are one body for we share one loaf. 1 Corinthians 10:17 – Holy Keep yourselves holy, for I am holy. Leviticus 11:44 – Catholic Go to all peoples; teach and baptize them. Matthew 28:19 – Apostolic Your faith rests on the Apostles’ faith. Ephesians 2:20
Mystery of the Church The Church is a mystery of the Trinity’s love Divine Dimension: – Christ: body’s head, invisible dimension – Unflawed dimension, source of light Human Dimension: – People: body’s members, visible dimension – Flawed dimension, source of darkness
Chapter Test Matching 1 – j 2 – i 3 – c 4 – f 5 – h 6 – d 7 – a 8 – e 9 – b 10 - g True/False 1 – T 2 – F 3 – T 4 – T 5 – T Fill in the Blank 1 a. Soul b. Holy Spirit 2 a. People of God b. Body of Christ c. Temple of the Spirit 3 a. Prepared for b. Instituted c. Spirit d. Human e. Divine
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