Presentation on theme: "Early Childhood Education and Preschool as Frames of Reference for"— Presentation transcript:
1 Early Childhood Education and Preschool as Frames of Reference for Current TheoriesRelated toEarly Childhood Educationand Preschoolas Frames ofReference forSustainable EducationPhD Ulla HärkönenLecturer in Early Childhood EducationUniversity of JoensuuSavonlinna Department of Teacher Education2003
3 In Finland: * school begins at the age of seven * early childhood education means all education under 7* preschool means education of six-year-olds* sustainable education means education for sustainable development (Åhlberg 2003)* sustainable education is a part of ECE and preschool* care, education and teaching
5 U. Bronfenbrenner’s paradigm Lewin: B= (PE) (Behaviour is a joint function of person and environment)Bronfenbrenner: D=f (PE) (Development is a joint function of person and environment)D t = f (t-p) (PE) (t-p) ’t’ is a certain time; ’t-p’ is a time period
6 Bronfenbrenner asks:The answer that is the most difficult to reach is concealed in the letter ’f’. He asks:What is the process that is to be created by the person and the context?
8 L. Vygotsky´s Theory”The central issue in Vygotsky’s theoretical thinking is in the Development of qualitatively novel (’higher’) psychological functions in the history of cultures and ontogeny of children in the process of organisms’(i.e. culture, or child) goal-directed acting upon their environments” (Valsiner, 1987: 64).
9 Vygotsky underlinesthe social roots of development: 1) cultural-historical factors 2) interaction of individualssocial situations of developmentenvironment´s qualitative changes lead to psychic changes (Vygotsky, 1978: 52-57)
10 Vygotsky´s Socio-Cultural Theory * language has a most significant meaning for the development of mental activities* learning influences in development* the zone of proximal development (ZPD)* interaction, internalisation, genetic law of cultural development: two plans (social and psychological)
12 Didactics is a discipline, the study of teaching school pedagogy: between school and societyteaching is a process of planning, action and evaluation; values, goals, contents and methodsKansanen (1991): ”pedagogical thinking is a basic skill behind a teaching of teachers”
13 Theories of Learningconstructivist theory; knowledge is seen neither absolute nor objectivechanging nature of knowledgechildren learn in activity, in relation to other persons and environment
16 Categories of history’s philosopher-pedagogues’texts world outlookconcept of manconcept of societyconcept of knowledge generationconcept of educationmain method of educationpractical pedagogical process
18 The text analysishas been made from Finnish textbooks of early childhood education and preschool published during 30 last years.
19 Study of the booksthe definitions of ’Early childhood education’ and ’Preschool’ have focusedthe concepts ’Early childhood education’ and ’Preschool’ have been analyzedthe concepts ’Early childhood education’ and ’Preschool’ have been modelled
20 Three dimensions in the definitions the definitions of ECE and preschool have meant1) practice2) science3) subject(sometimes administration)preschool has always been a part of ECE
21 Systems theory four dimension model of the concept of early childhood education. Explanation: ECE=early childhood education
22 Systems theory four dimension model of the concept of preschool Systems theory four dimension model of the concept of preschool Explanation: ECE=early childhood education
23 The ECE curriculum in relation to the systems theory four dimension model of the concept of early childhood education. Explanation: ECE=early childhood education
24 Usefulness of the Systems Definition for ECE and SE this kind of theory is an educational theory for educational phenomenonit is a systems theory for systems phenomenonit gives many components of whole conceptsit gives also the sub-components, such as practice: care, education, teaching
25 The Usefulness of the Systems Definition of ECE for SE SE can be placed in the centre of the systems model and it must be discussed:what is the function of SE in ECE and preschool paractice?what is SE as science, related to ECE science?what is SE in ECE and preschool subject in teacher education?
26 what does SE mean as the contents of thinking in the sphere each separate dimension? it is possible to plan how scientific reasearch can be focused on any of specific model-based combinations according to the needs emerging from the issues of SElife context: historical, social, community and personal dimensionsgoals have to be created for SE, we ought to know what is worth of aspire for
27 Early Childhood Education The result which has been created and which has to be further developed:Systems Theory ofEarly Childhood Education