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Joseph Ellis CTIR Literature Review 4.  Learned Latin and Greek.  College of William in Mary at age 17.  Spent 15 hours with his books; 3 hours with.

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Presentation on theme: "Joseph Ellis CTIR Literature Review 4.  Learned Latin and Greek.  College of William in Mary at age 17.  Spent 15 hours with his books; 3 hours with."— Presentation transcript:

1 Joseph Ellis CTIR Literature Review 4

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3  Learned Latin and Greek.  College of William in Mary at age 17.  Spent 15 hours with his books; 3 hours with violin.  Inherited land from his father.

4  Took seat in House of Burgesses at age 26.  Opposed parliamentary taxation.  Supported nonimportation resolutions against Britain.  Though he violated this when he imported a piano and sashed windows.  New ruling class supported this as they had supply to meet demand.  Poor speaker, good writer.

5  Drafted it.  No big deal.  Congress deletions:  Blamed George III for waging “cruel war against human nature itself” by establishing slavery.  The first settlers came “unassisted by the wealth or the strength of Great Britain.”  “Our British Brethren” sent “not only souldiers of our common blood, but Scotch and foreign mercenaries to invade and destroy us.”

6  Had “an infallible rule for deciding what that nation [England] would do on every occasion…to consider what they ought to do, and to take the reverse of that as they would assuredly do.”  “I am not a Federalist, because I never submitted the whole system of my opinions to the creed of any party of men whatever…Such an addiction is the last degradation of a free and moral agent. If I could not go to heaven but with a party, I would not go there at all.”

7  Retired as secretary of state, owed about 4,500 pounds to English creditors; and another 2,000.  Most of it from the inheritance of land from father in law.  Also inflation.  Loved books, furnishings, and wines.

8  Owned over 11,000 acres.  But not well planned out.  Lacked nutrients necessary for crops.  Left management to others.  Owned slaves.  Disposed of 161 slaves by sale or gift from 1784-1794.  But natural increase raised total to 167.

9  Gave specific instructions that particular slaves not be sold or hired out unless consented.  No evidence of beating, and overseers rarely did.  Policy was to sell off troublemakers.  Often followed wishes of slaves who wanted to be sold (to unite with family).

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11  Delivered only two public speeches.

12  Two months after inauguration, Barbary pirates on North African coast declared war on US.  The leader was mad that the tribute he was receiving was less than what was being paid to Algiers.  Ordered naval squadron to patrol the North African coast.  Even though he opposed the buildup of the US navy Adams had supported as President.

13  Thought it needed a constitutional amendment.  “It will be desirable for Congress to do what is necessary in silence.”  Congress ratified it and passed legislation giving broad power to President to oversee it.  Appointed a governor over the territory.  Even though he complained of such conduct when Adams was President.

14  Supported it in theory.  But newspapers multiplied and often ran with scandals.  Believed “this is a dangerous state of things…and the press ought to be restored to its credibility if possible.”  But not prosecuted like with the Sedition Act (he opposed), rather more specifically.

15  Hypocrisy.  Nonimportation resolutions.  Barbary pirates.  Louisiana Purchase.  Free speech.  History repeats.  Complaints about Britain = complaints now.

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