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Lesson 19 The Lord’s Supper (Part 1). The Lord’s Supper – part 1 What is a sacrament? Instituted by Christ Earthly elements connected with God’s Word.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 19 The Lord’s Supper (Part 1). The Lord’s Supper – part 1 What is a sacrament? Instituted by Christ Earthly elements connected with God’s Word."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 19 The Lord’s Supper (Part 1)

2 The Lord’s Supper – part 1 What is a sacrament? Instituted by Christ Earthly elements connected with God’s Word Offers forgiveness, new life, and salvation

3 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26:17-29 When? What visible elements did they eat and drink? Who was there? Why did Jesus institute the Lord’s Supper?

4 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26:17-29 When? The night before he died, during the Passover Meal What visible elements did they eat and drink? Who was there? Why did Jesus institute the Lord’s Supper?

5 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26:17-29 When? The night before he died, during the Passover Meal What visible elements did they eat and drink? Unleavened bread and grape wine Who was there? Why Jesus institute the Lord’s Supper?

6 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26:17-29 When? The night before he died, during the Passover Meal What visible elements did they eat and drink? Unleavened bread and grape wine Who was there? The disciples (- Judas) Why Jesus institute the Lord’s Supper?

7 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26:17-29 When? The night before he died, during the Passover Meal What visible elements did they eat and drink? Unleavened bread and grape wine Who was there? The disciples (- Judas) Why Jesus institute the Lord’s Supper? To give the forgiveness of sins

8 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Do the words of institution match exactly from Matthew 26? What can we learn from the answer to the previous question? Why is the word “is” important = What did they eat and drink?

9 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Do the words of institution match exactly from Matthew 26? No What can we learn from the answer to the previous question? Why is the word “is” important = What did they eat and drink?

10 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Do the words of institution match exactly from Matthew 26? No What can we learn from the answer to the previous question? Saying words exactly not the most important thing in Lord’s Supper Why is the word “is” important = What did they eat and drink?

11 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Do the words of institution match exactly from Matthew 26? No What can we learn from the answer to the previous question? Saying words exactly not the most important thing in Lord’s Supper Why is the word “is” important = is What did they eat and drink?

12 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Do the words of institution match exactly from Matthew 26? No What can we learn from the answer to the previous question? Saying words exactly not the most important thing in Lord’s Supper Why is the word “is” important = is What did they eat and drink? unleavened bread and grape wine

13 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 What also did Jesus give with what they ate and drank? What do we proclaim in the Lord’s Supper? What can happen if we are not properly prepared?

14 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 What also did Jesus give with what they ate and drank? his body and blood What do we proclaim in the Lord’s Supper? What can happen if we are not properly prepared?

15 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 What also did Jesus give with what they ate and drank? his body and blood What do we proclaim in the Lord’s Supper? the Lord’s death What can happen if we are not properly prepared?

16 What does the Bible teach us about the institution of the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 What also did Jesus give with what they ate and drank? his body and blood What do we proclaim in the Lord’s Supper? the Lord’s death What can happen if we are not properly prepared? sin against body and blood and bring judgment on ourselves

17 What is present in the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26: While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is my body.” 27 Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28 This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

18 What is present in the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26: While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is my body.” 27 Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. 28 This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

19 What is present in the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:27 Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord.

20 What is present in the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:27 Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. Four things: bread, wine, body, and blood of the Lord

21 What is present in the Lord’s Supper? There are _____ things present in the Lord’s Supper. They are the ___ and ____, the ____ and the _____ of Jesus.

22 What is present in the Lord’s Supper? There are 4 things present in the Lord’s Supper. They are the bread and wine, the body and the blood of Jesus.

23 False teachings Transubstantiation: The bread and the wine is changed into Jesus’ body and blood Representation: The bread and wine only represent Jesus’ body and blood

24 The Real Presence Real Presence TransubstantiationRepresentation

25 The Real Presence Real Presence TransubstantiationRepresentation bread and wine body and blood

26 The Real Presence Real Presence TransubstantiationRepresentation bread and wine body and blood

27 The Real Presence Real Presence TransubstantiationRepresentation bread and wine body and blood

28 The Real Presence Why is this little word “is” such a big deal? God’s Word tells us that we receive all four items in the the Lord’s Supper

29 Sacrifice or Sacrament? What is the difference between a sacrifice and a sacrament?

30 Sacrifice or Sacrament? What is the difference between a sacrifice and a sacrament? Sacrifice is what we do for God; sacrament is what God does for us.

31 What are the blessings of the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26:28 – This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

32 What are the blessings of the Lord’s Supper? Matthew 26:28 – This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. Forgiveness of sins

33 What are the blessings of the Lord’s Supper? Romans 5:9 – Since we now have been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him!

34 What are the blessings of the Lord’s Supper? Romans 5:9 – Since we now have been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! Salvation

35 Some Questions Is it better to use the common cup or the individual cups? How could the disciples have received Jesus' body as they ate the first Lord's Supper? Wasn't Jesus' body and blood right in front of them, sitting at the table? When are Jesus' body and blood present with the bread and wine?

36 Some Questions Agree/Disagree: The forgiveness we receive in the Lord's Supper is greater than the forgiveness we received in Baptism, because in Communion we receive Jesus' true body and blood, but in Baptism we don't. Who may distribute the Lord's Supper in a church service? How often should I receive the Lord's Supper?

37 Homework Look at the end of the last page of your notes!

38 Homework Memory Work: Matthew 26:26-28; 1 Corinthians 11:27-29 Study notes for a quiz! Read: Sacrament of Holy Communion (p in Catechism) Question for My Life

39 BREAK AND QUIZ TIME!

40 The Lord’s Supper Part 2

41 Review of Part 1 Explain the doctrine of the real presence? Jesus’ body and blood are really in, with, and under the bread and wine in the Lord’s Supper

42 Review of Part 1 Is the Lord's Supper a sacrament or a sacrifice? sacrament What four things do we receive in the Lord's Supper? Bread, wine, body, and blood of Jesus What blessings does God give us through the Lord's Supper? Forgiveness of sins and salvation

43 Definitions Lord’s Supper: A meal the Lord has given us, also this meal was instituted at a supper Holy Communion: A sharing (commonness) that exists between those taking communion together

44 Definitions Sacrament of the Altar: The sacrament that we receive from the altar of God

45 Key Terms Institution = Host = Paten = Flagon = Chalice = Ciborium =

46 Key Terms Institution = establishment, start, beginning Host = Paten = Flagon = Chalice = Ciborium =

47 Key Terms Institution = establishment, start, beginning Host = another name for the bread wafer Paten = Flagon = Chalice = Ciborium =

48 Key Terms Institution = establishment, start, beginning Host = another name for the bread wafer Paten = small plate used to distribute wafers Flagon = Chalice = Ciborium =

49 Key Terms Institution = establishment, start, beginning Host = another name for the bread wafer Paten = small plate used to distribute wafers Flagon = pitcher used to hold wine Chalice = Ciborium =

50 Key Terms Institution = establishment, start, beginning Host = another name for the bread wafer Paten = small plate used to distribute wafers Flagon = pitcher used to hold wine Chalice = common cup of wine used Ciborium =

51 Key Terms Institution = establishment, start, beginning Host = another name for the bread wafer Paten = small plate used to distribute wafers Flagon = pitcher used to hold wine Chalice = common cup of wine used Ciborium = vessel holding the wafers not on the paten

52 What is the power in communion? 1 Corinthians 11:23–25 23 For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.”

53 What is the power in communion? 1 Corinthians 11:23–25 23 For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” Jesus’ words

54 What is the power in communion? 1 Corinthians 10:16 Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation in the blood of Christ? And is not the bread that we break a participation in the body of Christ?

55 What is the power in communion? 1 Corinthians 10:16 Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation in the blood of Christ? And is not the bread that we break a participation in the body of Christ? Allows us to make use of what Christ won for us

56 What is the power in communion? The power in communion is Jesus’ words which makes this eating and drinking able to give us forgiveness of sins.

57 How do I prepare myself to take communion? 1 Corinthians 11:27–29 27 Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.

58 How do I prepare myself to take communion? 1 Corinthians 11:27–29 27 Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.

59 How do I prepare myself to take communion? 1 Corinthians 11:27–29 27 Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.

60 How do I prepare myself to take communion? 1 Corinthians 11:27–29 27 Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself. - By examining myself - By remembering Jesus

61 How do I prepare myself to take communion? Some resources to help:  Personal preparation for Holy Communion, page 156 in the hymnal.  Page 320 in the catechism.  Questions listed on the worksheet.

62 With whom should we commune? 1 Corinthians 10:17 – Because there is one loaf, we, who are many, are one body, for we all partake of the one loaf.

63 With whom should we commune? 1 Corinthians 10:17 – Because there is one loaf, we, who are many, are one body, for we all partake of the one loaf. People who are united with us in faith

64 With whom should we commune? Romans 16:17 – I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them.

65 With whom should we commune? Romans 16:17 – I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them. Keep away from false teachers

66 With whom should we commune? Only with people who share a common faith with us and hold to all the teachings of Scripture.

67 Definition Close(d) Communion: Practice of not allowing just anyone to come to communion, but only those who share a common faith with you and are properly prepared.

68 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? 1 John 1:8-9 – If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.

69 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? 1 John 1:8-9 – If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness. Repentant sinners

70 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:24 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” … 26 For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

71 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:24 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” … 26 For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes. One instructed about communion

72 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:28–29 28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.

73 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? 1 Corinthians 11:28–29 28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself. One who can examine themselves

74 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? Romans 16:17 – I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them.

75 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? Romans 16:17 – I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them. Avoid those who are not one in faith with us

76 Who should take the Lord’s Supper? Someone who is a repentant sinner, who has been instructed about the meaning of communion, able to examine themselves, and shares a common faith with us.

77 Some things to think about What would be good to do before and after the Lord’s Supper? How often should I take communion? What would be appropriate to wear? Common cup or individual?

78 Some things to think about Why cover the bread and wine? What is "proper" conduct while taking or observing communion? If invited to commune at another church, what should I do? How would you explain close communion to your non-WELS friends?

79 Homework Study notes and quizzes for a test! (Lessons 13-20) Question for My Life


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