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“CONVICTING THOSE WHO CONTRADICT” HELPING SAINTS PREPARE TO ANSWER AND PERSUADE THOSE IN ERROR.

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Presentation on theme: "“CONVICTING THOSE WHO CONTRADICT” HELPING SAINTS PREPARE TO ANSWER AND PERSUADE THOSE IN ERROR."— Presentation transcript:

1 “CONVICTING THOSE WHO CONTRADICT” HELPING SAINTS PREPARE TO ANSWER AND PERSUADE THOSE IN ERROR

2 SEVENTH DAY CHURCHES Seventh Day Adventists Seventh Day Baptists Church Of God, 7 th Day Worldwide Church Of God (Herbert W. Armstrong) Et al. The Law of Moses— with the 10 Commandments— was nailed to the cross of Christ 2

3 SUPREMACY OF CHRIST OVER MOSES SEVENTH DAY SABBATH KEEPERS 3

4 A soft answer turns away wrath, But a harsh word stirs up anger. —Proverbs 15:1 NKJV Walk in wisdom toward those who are outside, redeeming the time. Let your speech always be with grace, seasoned with salt, that you may know how you ought to answer each one. —Colossians 4:5, 6 NKJV 4

5 BARRIER #1 – PERCEIVED MOTIVE Concerned about moral decay Emphasize obedience to God’s Law Connect love and obedience (John 14:15) No Ten Commandments => No law? Loose living? Undermining God’s authority? Make your intentions clear 5

6 BARRIER #2 – NOMENCLATURE Ten Commandments Venerated, elevated Moral law, universal Law of Moses Relegated, diminished Ceremonial law, temporary, shadow Let Scripture define the terms 6

7 1.“How can you say that we should not keep the Sabbath? It’s one of the Ten Commandments! John 14:15 says, ‘If you love me, keep My commandments.’ Just what commandments do you think he’s talking about?” Now by this we know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments. He who says, “I know Him,” and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. —1 st John 2:3, 4 NKJV 7

8 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? In the Sabbatarian mind … Commandment(s) almost a technical term Commandments = Ten Commandments Law of God Universal, eternal Moral Law Everything else: Ceremonial Law Law of Moses Statutes, judgments, ordinances 8

9 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? Does commandment(s) always equal the Ten Commandments? Great commandment in the law? (Matthew 22:36) “Love the L ORD …” (Deuteronomy 6:5) “Love your neighbor …” (Leviticus 19:18) Not one of the Ten Leviticus & Numbers = Commandments Leviticus 27:34 (final verse) Numbers 36:13 (final verse) Ten Commandments nowhere in Leviticus/Numbers 9

10 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? Do statutes, judgments, etc., never refer to the Ten Commandments? Ezekiel 20:15, 16, 21 “Statutes” and “judgments” include the Sabbath Leviticus 26:15 “Statutes”, “judgments”, “commandments”, and “covenant” Synonyms All one law 10

11 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? Covenant: Another synonym “Tablets of the Covenant” Exodus 34:1, 4, 28 – “… words of the covenant” Specifically the Ten Commandments Deuteronomy 9:9, 11, 15 Hebrews 9:1–4 What would God make with Israel & Judah? Jeremiah 31:31–34 New covenant 11

12 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? Law of the L ORD vs. Law of Moses Technical terms or keywords “Law of God” = moral law (the Ten) “Law of Moses” = ceremonial law Law of God attributed to Moses Mark 7:9, 10 – “Moses said …” 2 nd Chr. 34:14; Neh. 10:29 – “Given by Moses” Sabbath: Nations/Gentiles never rebuked 12

13 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? Law of the L ORD vs. Law of Moses “Ceremonial” laws called “Law of the L ORD ” Luke 2:23 – cf. Exodus 13:2, 12, 15 2 nd Chronicles 31:3 – burnt offerings Ezra 7:6 – “the L ORD God … had given” Moral laws in “ceremonial” sections Leviticus 18 – Sex Exodus 21–23 – Various moral laws 13

14 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? Law of the L ORD vs. Law of Moses Nehemiah 8 – The definitive word “Book of the Law of Moses” “The Law” “Book of the Law” “Law of God” “Book of the Law of God” All one Law 14

15 REVIEW Barriers 1.Perceived motive Arguing against any law in favor of cheap grace Undermining God’s authority: Changing things God has not Dispel these notions: Make your intentions clear 2.Nomenclature Moral Law: Law of the L ORD /God, commandments (the Ten) vs. Ceremonial Law: Law of Moses, statutes, judgments, etc. Go to the Bible: Let Scripture define the terms 15

16 REVIEW 1.“How can you say that we should not keep the Sabbath? It’s one of the Ten Commandments! John 14:15 says, ‘If you love me, keep My commandments.’ Just what commandments do you think he’s talking about?” Now by this we know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments. He who says, “I know Him,” and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. —1 st John 2:3, 4 NKJV 16

17 REVIEW Idea Passage(s) “Commandments” not just the Ten Commandments Leviticus 19:18; 27:34 Numbers 36:13 Deuteronomy 6:5 “Statutes”, “judgments” include the Sabbath Ezekiel 20:15, 16, 21 Synonyms: “statutes”, “judgments”, “commandments”, “covenant” Leviticus 26:15 “Tablets of the covenant”, i.e., the Ten Commandents Exodus 34:1, 4, 28 Deuteronomy 9:9, 11, 15 Hebrews 9:1–4 The new covenant Jeremiah 31:31–34 17

18 REVIEW Idea Passage(s) “Law of God” attributed to MosesMark 7:9, 10 2 nd Chronicles 34:14 Nehemiah 10:29 “Law of the L ORD ” includes “ceremonial” lawsLuke 2:23 (cf. Exodus 13:2, 12, 15) 2 nd Chronicles 31:3 Ezra 7:6 “Moral laws” outside the Ten CommandmentsLeviticus 18 Exodus 21–23 All one law: “Book of the Law of Moses”, “the Law”, “Book of the Law”, “Law of God”, “Book of the Law of God” Nehemiah 8 18

19 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? “The Law”Refers to Galatians 4:21ffGenesis 21 Romans 7:7Exodus 20 (Ten Commandments) Matthew 22:35–39Deuteronomy 6; Leviticus 19 Matthew 12:5Num. 28:9, 10 (Sabbath offerings) Romans 3:10–12Psalms 53:1–3 Romans 3:15, 16Proverbs 1:16 1 st Corinthians 14:21Isaiah 28:11, The Law = the Old Testament

20 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? The Old Law is No More We are dead to the Law Romans 7:1–7 “You shall not covet.” (one of the Ten) No middle wall of separation Ephesians 2:11–16 The Law = Enmity “abolished … the law of commandments” 20

21 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? The Old Law is No More No more handwriting of requirements Colossians 2:13–17 “let no one judge you in … sabbaths” We are under the New Covenant Hebrews 8:7–13 – Old Covenant obsolete 2 nd Corinthians 3:7–11 – “ministry of death” New Covenant more glorious than Old Old Covenant written on stones 21

22 WHICH COMMANDMENTS? Words of Jesus, the Holy Spirit, the Apostles John 14:15 – “Keep my commandments” Luke 6:46 – “… the things which I say?” 2 nd John 9 – “Doctrine of Christ” Matthew 5 & 19 – “But I say to you …” Matthew 28:18 – “All authority … given to Me” John 16:13 – “Spirit … guide you into all truth” 1 st Corinthians 14:37 – Paul wrote the “commandments of the Lord” 22

23 2.“But God wrote the Ten Commandments in stone with His own finger (Exodus 31:18)! Why would God change the Sabbath, which He clearly intended to be permanent?” And when He had made an end of speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave Moses two tablets of the Testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God. —Exodus 31:18 NKJV 23

24 THE FINGER OF GOD God can repeal His own writing Fallacies: Appeal to authority; non sequitur Jeremiah 31:31–34 Who is making the new covenant? God! Hebrews 8:7–13 – “obsolete”, “vanishing” 2nd Corinthians 3:7–11 “Ministry of death” Written on stones 24

25 3.“Genesis makes it very clear that God established the Sabbath at creation: He blessed and sanctified it (Genesis 2:3). The Sabbath is for all time!” Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made. —Genesis 2:3 NKJV 25

26 WHEN WAS THE SABBATH REVEALED? God revealed/commanded the Sabbath at Sinai Fallacy: Equivocation; red herring Revealed at Sinai – Nehemiah 9:13, 14 Exodus 16:23 – First appearance of “Sabbath” Exodus 16:1 – Month 2, day 15 out of Egypt Exodus 19:1 – Arrived at Sinai in 3 rd month Exodus 20:8 – Formally codified 26

27 WHEN WAS THE SABBATH REVEALED? God revealed/commanded the Sabbath at Sinai Anything else ordained long beforehand, but not revealed until much later? Salvation in Jesus 1 st Peter 1:18–20 Ephesians 1:4–10 27

28 WHEN WAS THE SABBATH REVEALED? God revealed/commanded the Sabbath at Sinai “But Adam/Abraham kept the Sabbath” “Abraham … kept … My commandments” – Genesis 26:5 Point to be proven assumed (gratuitous assertion) Previous bullets prove otherwise No recorded commandments? Genesis 12:1 – Leave Ur Genesis 17:9ff – Circumcision Genesis 22:2 – Sacrifice Isaac 28

29 WHEN WAS THE SABBATH REVEALED? God revealed/commanded the Sabbath at Sinai Prolepsis (possibly?) Genesis 23:2 – Kirjath Arba (Hebron) Joshua 18:28 – Jebus (Jerusalem) Genesis 7:2? – Clean/unclean animals Not likely: Genesis 2:3 – “Then …” 29

30 4.“God does not change (Hebrews 13:8); therefore His law does not change!” Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. —Hebrews 13:8 NKJV 30

31 HAS GOD’S LAW NEVER CHANGED? A necessary change in the Law Fallacy: Non sequitur Jeremiah 31:31–34 – New Covenant Hebrews 7:12 – New priesthood  New Law 31

32 5.“God Himself said that the Sabbath was ‘perpetual’ and ‘forever’ for all generations (Exodus 31:16, 17). Last time I checked, ‘forever’ means ‘until the end of time’!” “Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the L ORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.” —Exodus 31:16, 17 NKJV 32

33 IS “PERPETUAL” “WITHOUT END”? “Perpetual”, “everlasting”, “forever” not ad infinitum 33 OrdinancePassage Day of AtonementLeviticus 23:28–31 Heave offeringNumbers 15:21 Tabernacle workNumbers 18:22, 23 Priestly washingExodus 30:21 Feast of Tabernacles Leviticus 23:34–43 PassoverExodus 12:14 Carry breast pieceExodus 28:29 OrdinancePassage Feast of Unleavened Bread Exodus 12:17 Grain offeringLeviticus 6:15–18; 23:13–14 Burnt offeringExodus 29:39–42 Burn incenseExodus 30:8 Sin offeringExodus 30:10 Anointing oilExodus 30:31 Atonement yearlyExodus 30:10

34 IS “PERPETUAL” “WITHOUT END”? “Perpetual”, “everlasting”, “forever” not ad infinitum The explanation is in the passage (Exodus 31:16, 17) “the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath” “sign between Me and the children of Israel” “throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant” In effect … For Israel (not all nations) For the duration of the covenant 34

35 6.“Jesus didn’t destroy the Law; He fulfilled it. He even said that the Law would last ‘till heaven and earth pass away’ (Matthew 5:17, 18). It’s ridiculous to suggest that we are not obligated to rest on the Sabbath!” “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.” —Matthew 5:17, 18 NKJV 35

36 TILL HEAVEN AND EARTH PASS AWAY? “Heaven”, “earth” not sole termination clause “Till all is fulfilled” Jesus fulfilled the Law – Luke 24:44–48 Christ: the end/goal of the Law Romans 10:4 Galatians 3:24 36

37 TILL HEAVEN AND EARTH PASS AWAY? “Heaven”, “earth” not sole termination clause Not destroyed, but fulfilled Contracts/covenants can end by … Being broken Being fulfilled/completed Jesus fulfilled Deuteronomy 18:15, 18,19 Cf. Acts 3:22–26 37

38 TILL HEAVEN AND EARTH PASS AWAY? “Heaven”, “earth” not sole termination clause Only “heaven”, “earth” – Luke 16:17 “Fail” not “pass away” Jesus fulfilled The Law did not fail See also v

39 7.“Not only are we to keep the Sabbath until the end of time, but Isaiah says we’ll be keeping it in heaven (Isaiah 66:22, 23)! If we’re to keep the Sabbath throughout eternity, you can’t possibly think it’s right for us to just ignore it now!” “For as the new heavens and the new earth Which I will make shall remain before Me,” says the L ORD, “So shall your descendants and your name remain. And it shall come to pass That from one New Moon to another, And from one Sabbath to another, All flesh shall come to worship before Me,” says the L ORD. —Isaiah 66:22, 23 NKJV 39

40 SABBATH KEEPING IN HEAVEN? New heavens, new earth are New Covenant Consistency: Observe New Moon, too? v. 23 New Covenant; figurative language “I will gather all nations and tongues” – v. 18 (Cf. Isaiah 2:2–4) “your brethren for an offering” – v. 20 (Cf. Rom 12:1, 2) “take some … for priests and Levites” – v. 21 No moon in heaven – Revelation 21:23 40

41 8.“What about Matthew 24? (See v. 20) Christians will be keeping the Sabbath to the very end!” “And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath.” —Matthew 24:20 NKJV 41

42 END TIME SABBATH KEEPING? AD 70, not the end of time Took place during Jesus’s generation – v. 34 Hindrances to flight – vv. 15–20 Pregnant & nursing – v. 19 Why would Sabbath hinder flight? Cities of Israel observing Sabbath in AD 70 City gates closed – Nehemiah 13:19 42

43 9.“Even Paul rested on the Sabbath during his preaching journeys (Acts 17:2). How can you think we should not do the same thing today?” Then Paul, as his custom was, went in to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures —Acts 17:2 NKJV 43

44 PAUL OBSERVED THE SABBATH? Not Sabbath rest; low hanging fruit What was Paul’s Sabbath custom? Preaching to those present – Acts 13:14ff “spoke to the women who met there” – Acts 16:13 “reasoned … from the Scriptures” – Acts 17:2 No mention of rest or worship 44

45 PAUL OBSERVED THE SABBATH? Not Sabbath rest; low hanging fruit What was Paul’s Sabbath custom? Preaching to those present – Acts 13:14ff “spoke to the women who met there” – Acts 16:13 “reasoned … from the Scriptures” – Acts 17:2 No mention of rest or worship 45

46 10.“The Greek word in Colossians 2:16 is sabbaton (σαββάτων). That means “Sabbaths” (plural), not “Sabbath” (singular). Read Leviticus 23:23–38; God calls the yearly feast days “Sabbath days”. Paul is making no reference whatsoever to the weekly Sabbath!” So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths (σαββάτων), —Colossians 2:16 NKJV 46

47 YEARLY SABBATH, NOT WEEKLY? Yearly, monthly, weekly special days “Sabbath” singularity/plurality irrelevant “Festival” is yearly, not “Sabbaths” Paul employed OT idiom Yearly Monthly Weekly Daily 47

48 YEARLY SABBATH, NOT WEEKLY? Yearly, monthly, weekly special days 48

49 11.“Nothing in Paul’s writings or anything in the New Testament can erase the Old Testament. That would make God a liar!” 49

50 IS GOD A LIAR? Not an argument, but desperation Emotional appeal; addresses no argument Fallacy: Straw man We do not argue that the OT is erased “written for our learning” – Romans 15:4 Reflects attitude toward apostles’ authority Matt 18:18 – bind/loose on earth also in heaven 1 st Cor 14:37 – Paul wrote Lord’s commandments 50

51 ATTACKING SUNDAY WORSHIP 51

52 1.“The so-called ‘Christian Sabbath’ is not Sunday! The only Sabbath is God’s Sabbath: the seventh day Sabbath. The only reason anyone worships on Sunday is because the Pope, in his arrogance, changed it centuries ago to cater to pagans!” Other arguments Christians in Hadrian’s day Constantine 52

53 DID THE SABBATH DAY CHANGE? Weekly day of worship, not a day of rest Fallacy: Straw man Denominations: Sunday = “Christian Sabbath” Wrong! 7 th day Sabbath abolished, not changed Sunday not a day of rest Christians worshipped together on Sundays Acts 20:7 – “came together to break bread” 1 st Corinthians 16:1, 2 – “lay something aside” Christ rose on the first day (1 st Corinthians 15) 53

54 DID THE SABBATH DAY CHANGE? Weekly day of worship, not a day of rest Historical record (secondary evidence) We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead. —100 AD, The Epistle of Barnabas 15:6–8 But Sunday is the day on which we all hold our common assembly, because … Jesus Christ our Saviour on the same day rose from the dead. —150 AD, (1 st Apology of Justin, Weekly Worship of the Christians, Ch. 68) Others: 54

55 2.“Just because Acts 20:7 talks about ‘breaking bread’, it does not prove that God changed the Sabbath. Acts 2:46 says that they broke bread daily from house to house. Besides, if you keep reading in Acts 20, the meeting took place at night, and Paul preached till daybreak. If you’re going to be consistent, you have to meet at night, all night, every night!” So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart, —Acts 2:46 NKJV 55

56 ARE WE BEING INCONSISTENT? “First day” is the significant detail Why meet at night? First day was a working day Only time to meet: pre-dawn / post-dusk Many Christians were slaves Why preach till daybreak? “… continued his message until midnight.” – v. 7 “… even till daybreak …” – v. 11 “Paul, ready to depart the next day, …” – v. 7 56

57 ARE WE BEING INCONSISTENT? “First day” is the significant detail Lord’s supper vs. common meal Lord’s supper – “bread … we break” (1 Cor 10:16) 1 st Corinthians 11:17ff – “come together” Acts 20:7 – “came together to break bread” Common meal 1 st Corinthians 11:34 – “let him eat at home” Acts 2:46 – “breaking bread from house to house” 57

58 ARE WE BEING INCONSISTENT? “First day” is the significant detail Specific days of week not usually mentioned Sabbath Jesus performs healing miracle – John 9:14 Paul preaching in synagogues – Acts 13:14 No mention of church breaking bread Preparation day (day before Sabbath) Jesus’s crucifixion – Mark 15:42 58

59 ARE WE BEING INCONSISTENT? “First day” is the significant detail Specific days of week not usually mentioned First day Resurrection – Matthew 28:1 Church breaking bread – Acts 20:7 Collection for saints – 1 st Corinthians 16:1, 2 No other mentions after resurrection 59

60 ARE WE BEING INCONSISTENT? “First day” is the significant detail Conclusion “At night” – circumstantial “All night” – circumstantial “Every night (day)” – misinterpretation First day - significant 60

61 3.“1st Corinthians 16:2 makes absolutely no reference whatsoever to a public meeting or church service for when Paul arrives. Furthermore, the text reads, ‘lay something aside’. That’s talking about setting something aside at home, not in some fictitious Sunday worship assembly!” 61

62 LAY SOMETHING ASIDE AT HOME? No collections when Paul came Why did Paul want them to save regularly? “that there be no collections when I come.” – v. 1 Saving at home requires another collection 62


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