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Chapter 3 Federalism
Copyright © 2011 Cengage WHO GOVERNS? WHO GOVERNS? 1. Where is sovereignty located in the American political system? 2. How is power divided between the national government and the states under the constitution? TO WHAT ENDS? TO WHAT ENDS? 1. What competing values are at stake in federalism? 2. Who should decide which matters ought to be governed mainly or solely by national laws?
Why Federalism Matters Federalism is a system in which the national government shares power with state/local governments. Federalism is a system in which the national government shares power with state/local governments. State governments have the authority to make final decisions over many governmental actions. State governments have the authority to make final decisions over many governmental actions. The most persistent source of political conflict is between national and state governments. The most persistent source of political conflict is between national and state governments. Copyright © 2011 Cengage
Figure 3.1 Lines of Power in the Federal System of Government Copyright © 2011 Cengage
Figure 3.1 Lines of Power in the Federal System of Government
Copyright © 2011 Cengage The Founding A Bold New Plan: A “federal republic” for which there was no precedent A Bold New Plan: A “federal republic” for which there was no precedent Elastic Language Elastic Language Congress shall have the power to “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers.” -from Article I
Copyright © 2011 Cengage The Debate on the Meaning of Federalism The Supreme Court The Supreme Court Speaks Speaks Nullification Nullification Dual Federalism Dual Federalism State Sovereignty State Sovereignty Thomas Jefferson was an ardent supporter of states’ rights, p. 54 Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine, Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin
At one time the states could issue their own paper money, such as this New York currency worth 25 cents in Under the Constitution, this power was reserved to Congress. p. 55 The Granger Collection
Governmental Structure Federalism: Good or Bad? Federalism: Good or Bad? Increased Political Activity Increased Political Activity What the States can do What the States can do Initiative Referendum Recall Copyright © 2011 Cengage Federalism has permitted experimentation. Women were able to vote in the Wyoming Territory in 1888, long before they could do so in most states, p. 62 The Granger Collection, New York
Copyright © 2011 Cengage p. 59
Federal-State Relations Grants-In-Aid Grants-In-Aid Meeting National Needs Meeting National Needs The Intergovernmental The Intergovernmental Lobby Lobby Categorical Grants Categorical Grants Rivalry Among the Rivalry Among the States States Copyright © 2011 Cengage Some of the nation’s greatest universities, such as the University of California at Los Angeles, began as land-grant colleges. p. 64 David Young-Wolff/PhotoEdit
Copyright © 2011 Cengage Source: Budget of the U.S. Government, Fiscal Year 2009.
New York police check backpacks as passengers enter a ferry when the city was on high alert in p. 65 Copyright © 2011 Cengage
Figure 3.2 The Changing Purpose of Federal Grants to State and Local Governments Note: Totals may not add up to 100 percent because of rounding. Source: Budget of the U.S. Government, Fiscal Year 2007, table 12.1.
Copyright © 2011 Cengage Federal Aid and Federal Control Mandates Mandates Conditions of Aid Conditions of Aid Mario Tama/Getty Images
A Devolution Revolution? Devolution shifts many federal functions to the states. Devolution shifts many federal functions to the states. Most Americans favor devolution, but not if that means cuts in government programs that benefit most citizens. Most Americans favor devolution, but not if that means cuts in government programs that benefit most citizens. What have been the consequences of devolution? What have been the consequences of devolution? Copyright © 2011 Cengage
A woman who heads a faith-based organization works with a jailed teenager to help him overcome his problems. p. 70 Copyright © 2011 Cengage Robin Nelson/Corbis
Congress and Federalism WHY IS THERE SO MUCH POLITICAL AND POLICY DIVERSITY IN THE UNITED STATES? State and local governments have retained certain constitutional protections. State and local governments have retained certain constitutional protections. Members of Congress think of themselves as representatives of localities to Washington, not as representatives of Washington to the localities. Members of Congress think of themselves as representatives of localities to Washington, not as representatives of Washington to the localities. Copyright © 2011 Cengage
MEMORANDUM To: Representative Sue Kettl From: Grace Viola, chief of staff Subject: Faith-based preemption bill As requested, I have researched state-funding policies. The main finding is that the state laws do hobble getting federal dollars to the religious groups that have been doing most of the actual recovery work. The immediate question before you is whether to sign on as a co-sponsor to the bill. Copyright © 2011 Cengage WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
Arguments for: 1. Congress has already passed at least four laws that permit federal agencies to fund faith-based groups that deliver social services, subject to prohibition against using any public funds for proselytizing or such. 2. The faith-based organizations functioned as first responders when the hurricanes hit, and have since supplied billions of dollars worth of manpower and materials. 3. Some legal experts say that the existing laws already preempt the contrary state ones; besides, it polls great (75 percent in favor nationally, even higher in your district). Copyright © 2011 Cengage WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
Arguments against: 1. You have traditionally argued in favor of states’ rights and the separation of church and state. 2. Praiseworthy though their civic good works have been, some of the religious groups involved in the cleanup and recovery have beliefs and tenets that seem discriminatory (a few even refuse to hire people of other faiths). 3. Expressly preempting more state laws could come back to bite us when it comes to state laws that we favor over contrary federal ones. Copyright © 2011 Cengage WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
Your decision: Support bill? Oppose bill? Copyright © 2011 Cengage WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
Chapter 3 Federalism. Copyright © 2013 Cengage WHO GOVERNS? WHO GOVERNS? 1. Where is sovereignty located in the American political system? 2. How is power.
Chapter 3 Federalism. Copyright © 2011 Cengage WHO GOVERNS? WHO GOVERNS? 1. Where is sovereignty located in the American political system? 2. How is power.
Chapter Four Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 4-2 Enduring Questions What is “sovereignty” and where is it located.
AP GOV: CHAPTER 3 FEDERALISM. Governmental Structure Federalism: a political structure in which authority is shared between local governments and a.
Chapter Three Federalism. The Federalism song Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 : ) : ) : ) : )
Chapter 3 Federalism 3 | 1. 3 | 2 Why “Federalism” Matters Federalism is behind many things that matter to many people: –Tax rates –Speed limits –Liquor.
FEDERALISM. Federalism The division of power between the National and State levels of government NATIONAL GOVERNMENT STATE GOVERNMENT STATE CHARTERS.
FEDERALISM The Structure of Our Government. FEDERALISM Definition- A political system in which or more governments have sovereignty (authority) over.
Grants-in-aid Grants show how political realities modify legal authority. Grants dramatically increased in scope in twentieth century. Grants dramatically.
1 Chapter Three Federalism. 2 Why “Federalism” Matters Federalism is behind many things that matter to many people: Tax rates Tax rates Speed limits.
UNIT 5- “American Federal System”. Pre-Question #1 What is federalism?
Chapter 3: Federalism. Matching: Federalism Types FEDERALISM, COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM, FISCAL FEDERALISM, DUAL FEDERALISM, NEW FEDERALISM 1. National and.
Federalism: Chapter 3. The Structure of Federalism Both NATIONAL and REGIONAL governments exist Each must be reasonably INDEPENDENT of each other Decisions.
The Constitution. Protecting Liberty: Limited Government Grants & Denials of Power Separation of Powers Checks and Balances The Bill of Rights.
FEDERALISM Chapter 3. The Founding Does Federalism protect personal liberties? --Founders believed that neither the national nor state gov’t would have.
Chapter 3: Federalism AP United States Government and Politics.
FEDERALISM Magruder Chapter Four. FEDERALISM AND THE DIVISION OF POWER Section One.
Federalism Magruder Chapter Four. Federalism and the Division of Power Section One.
Chapter Three Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 Governmental Structure Federalism: a political system where.
Federalism. Why Federalism? Would correct the defects of the Articles Protect Liberty: ◦ Framers argued that it was part of the system of checks and balances.
Chapter Three Section 1 Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 Governmental Structure Federalism: a political system.
FEDERALISM Chapter Four! Yeah baby!!. 3 WAYS TO ORGANIZE GOVERNMENT Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley and Barbara A. Bardes, American Government and.
Federalism and Public Policy. “State”-side … State constitutions are more detailed and sometimes confer more rights than the federal one State constitutions.
Chapter Three: Federalism. Learning Outcomes LO 1 Explain some of the benefits of the federal system for the United States. LO 2 Describe how the various.
Federalism - The doctrine underlying a system of government in which power is divided between the central government and constituent political sub units.
Ch. 3: ____________ Federalism Erin Brinig Mr. Baier AP Government, Period 2 08 September 2008.
Chapter Three Federalism. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.3 | 2 Chapter Objectives Explain the difference between federal and.
Chapter 4: The Federal System Section 1: National and State Powers Section 2: Relations Among the States Section 3: Developing Federalism Section 4: Federalism.
Chapter 4 Federalism. 3 types of governments Different Systems of Government Unitary System –Form of government in which the highest level of government.
Judiciary Vocabulary Precedent Precedent court decision court decision elastic language elastic language rationale rationale Nullification Nullification.
2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt 2pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt Civics I Civics IICivics III Civics.
Chapter 3. Definition- a system in which the nat’l gov’t shares power with local gov’t. States have a specifically protected existence & authority.
Courts The point of the courts is to provide a place where we can argue about matters relating to the law. The point of lawyers is to help people argue.
© 2015 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 3.
Figure 3.1: Lines of Power in Three Systems of Government.
Federalism. Chapter Objectives Explain the difference between federal and centralized systems of government, and give examples of each. Show how competing.
National and State Sovereignty FEDERALISM. National legislation enacted in 2003; requires states to test their students as a condition of federal aid.
Chapter 3. Federalism: National and State Sovereignty The argument for federalism Authority divided into two levels: national and regional Protects liberty.
Ch. 8, Section 1: The First President Main Idea: President Washington tackled the work of establishing a new government. Key Terms: –Precedent –Cabinet.
Civics M-STEP REVIEW. What is the difference between “Civic Responsibility” and “Private Responsibility? Civic Responsibilities Vote in elections Participate.
Chapter 3 Federalism Essential Question: –How is power divided between the national government and the states under the U.S. Constitution?
Federalism. Unitary Government Intergovernmental relations.
Federalism: States and Nation Chapter 3. Federalism How many gov’t’s are there is the U.S.? - federal, state, & local gov’ts Federalism- a system under.
Federalism By Ryan Trihernawan. Your Topic Court cases/litigation LegislationVocabularyFunctions/Stra tegies Potpourri Final Jeopardy.
FEDERALISM WILSON 3A. KEY QUESTIONS WHO GOVERNS Where is sovereignty located in the American political system? How is power divided between the national.
Federalism Chapter 3 Governmental Structure Local and Federal Units of government National Delegated Powers (expressed, enumerated) Elastic Clause.
The Structure and Meaning of Federalism. The “F Word” Defined (and some others, too) SOVEREIGNTY: supreme or ultimate political authority; sovereign governments.
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