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Does Morality depends on Religion? Summary of Elements of Moral Philosophy (Rachels), Chapter 4 Course: Technology, Research and Ethics Group 3: Benny,

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Presentation on theme: "Does Morality depends on Religion? Summary of Elements of Moral Philosophy (Rachels), Chapter 4 Course: Technology, Research and Ethics Group 3: Benny,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Does Morality depends on Religion? Summary of Elements of Moral Philosophy (Rachels), Chapter 4 Course: Technology, Research and Ethics Group 3: Benny, Tao, Ruth

2 4.1 The presumed connection between Morality and Religion 4.1 The presumed connection between Morality and Religion (Tao) O Inseparable:Commonly, people believe that morality can be understood only in the context of religion O the nonreligious: The universe seems to be a old,meaningless place,devoid of value and purpose O the religious :The world was created by a loving all- powerful God to provide a home for us. In turn, we were created in his image, to be his children. Thus the world is not devoid of meaning and purpose.

3 4.2 The Divine Command Theory 4.2 The Divine Command Theory (Tao) O This theory says that morally right means commandes by God and morally wrong means forbidden by God. O Dilemma: Is conduct right because gods command it, or do gods command it because it is right? 1 Regarding God’s commands as arbitrary 2 a standard of right and wrong that is independent of god’s will and command.

4 4.3 The Theory of Natural Law 4.3 The Theory of Natural Law (Benny) O The world is a rational order O Moral laws derived from natural order O Confusion of is and ought O Moral knowledge independent of religion

5 4.4 Religion and Particular Moral Issues 4.4 Religion and Particular Moral Issues (Ruth) O Moral views not derived from religions commitments O Abortion: The Scriptures ‘unclear’ O Abortion: Church Traditions ‘changing views’ O Reinterpretation by every generation to support it’s favored moral views O Morality and religion are different


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