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Nancy Holman & Alan Mace LSE Geography and Environment Handling conflict in compact city development Delivering high quality density in a low density culture.

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Presentation on theme: "Nancy Holman & Alan Mace LSE Geography and Environment Handling conflict in compact city development Delivering high quality density in a low density culture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nancy Holman & Alan Mace LSE Geography and Environment Handling conflict in compact city development Delivering high quality density in a low density culture – planning experience in the UK

2 City antipathy Tudor Walters Consumer preference? Low density culture

3 City fix UTF Multiple win-win outcomes Significance of density – Density minimum – now gone Low density culture

4 Position-taking on density Cheshire (2006) summarises - and takes a position - thus: “Higher densities are good because that is how cities ‘ought to be’ […]. Yet, on examination, the evidence for all of these claims is inadequate. Sometimes this is because whilst the simple fact is correct, the complicated reality means that the price paid is higher than the values generated.” (p ) Low density culture

5 Planning and housing numbers Planning as tool to mediate density In practice

6 Housing numbers NPPG 5-15 supply Local Planning Authority (Region) Government SHMA SHLAA Actuary Dept Density SA In practice

7 Housing numbers NPPG 5-15 supply Local Planning Authority Government SHMA SHLAA Density Actuary Dept SA In practice

8 NPPG (Region) Government Open space Design Internal space Private infrastruc- ture Public infrastruc- ture Density To boost the supply of housing, local planning authorities should...set out their own approach to housing density to reflect local circumstance In practice Local Planning Authority

9 NPPG Government Open space Design Private infrastruc- ture Public infrastruc- ture Density To boost the supply of housing, local planning authorities should...set out their own approach to housing density to reflect local circumstance In practice Local Planning Authority Internal space

10 City fix Empirical work – Manchester City + developer interest – boosterism – Economic context of city – Preference for negotiation, ‘soft’ policy Developers – lack of LA experience handling density Uncertain claims Cheshire (2006)mixed communities Neuman (2005) density/transport

11 City fix in country that doesn’t like cities? – Lowest level of internal space – Low satisfaction with homes Allen & Blandy; Hebbert; Eldridge and Roberts Failure to fix the city? – Depending on criteria, physical change (yes), balanced community (no) City fix

12 Allen, Chris, and Sarah Blandy ‘The Future of City Living: Implications for Urban Policy’. Cheshire, Paul, Steve Gibbons, and Ian Gordon Policies for ‘Mixed Communities’: A Critical Evaluation. Spatial Economics Research Centre (SERC) Policy Paper. Cheshire ‘Resurgent Cities, Urban Myths and Policy Hubris: What We Need to Know’. Urban Studies 43 (8) (July): 1231–1246 Colomb, Claire ‘Unpacking New Labour’s “Urban Renaissance” Agenda. Towards a Socially Sustainable Reurbanization of British Cities?’ Planning Practice and Research 22 (1): 1–24. David Harvey ‘From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation in Urban Governance in Late Capitalism’. Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geograph 71 (1): 3–17. Eldridge, Adam, and Marion Roberts ‘A Comfortable Night Out? Alcohol, Drunkenness and Inclusive Town Centres’. Area 40 (3) (September 1): 365–374. doi: /j x. Hebbert, Michael ‘Manchester - “Making It Happen”’. In John Punter (ed) Urban Design and the British Urban Renaissance, 51– 67. Routledge. Kitchen, Ted People, Politics, Policies and Plans: The City Planning Process in Contemporary Britain. SAGE. MCC, Manchester City Council ‘Guide to Development in Manchester: Supplementary Planning Document and Planning Guidance’. Manchester City Council. Neuman, Michael ‘The Compact City Fallacy’. Journal of Planning Education and Research 25 (1) (September 1): 11–26. doi: / X Robson, Brian ‘Mancunian Ways: The Politics of Regeneration’. In J. Peck & K. Ward City of Revolution: Restructuring Manchester, 34–49. Swenarton, Mark ‘Tudor Walters and Tudorbethan: Reassessing Britain’s Inter-war Suburbs’. Planning Perspectives 17 (3): 267– 286. UTF, (Urban Task Force the) Towards an Urban Renaissance. 1st ed. London: Routledge. Whitehead, Christine The Density Debate: A Personal View. East Thames Housing Group, London. Questions, comments

13 Requirement to create a plan Consultation Drafting Consult on SA procedure SA review of draft Consultation Government Voluntary Private Community Consultation Title In practice


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