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PUBAFRS/IS 670 Rebuilding Failed and Weak States.

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Presentation on theme: "PUBAFRS/IS 670 Rebuilding Failed and Weak States."— Presentation transcript:

1 PUBAFRS/IS 670 Rebuilding Failed and Weak States

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4 2 nd Bush-Gore Debate, Oct Somalia. Started off as a humanitarian mission then changed into a nation-building mission, and that's where the mission went wrong. The mission was changed. And as a result, our nation paid a price. And so I don't think our troops ought to be used for what's called nation-building. I think our troops ought to be used to fight and win war. I think our troops ought to be used to help overthrow a dictator [sic] when it's in our best interests. But in this case, it was a nation-building exercise. And same with Haiti, I wouldn't have supported either.

5 We are led, by events and common sense, to one conclusion: The survival of liberty in our land increasingly depends on the success of liberty in other lands. The best hope for peace in our world is the expansion of freedom in all the world… …So it is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world. Bush Inauguration 2005

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9 NATION

10 specific group of individuals sharing similar language, culture and religion, thoughts and ideologies, ….. …..possessing a political community and a feeling of national self-consciousness NATION

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12 NATION- STATE

13 ….a nation possessing a state of their own, which has complete authority to exercise the policies of their choice and conduct economic, political and social relations with foreign countries of their own choices …..

14 Indicators of State Failure  High crime and corruption  Crumbling infrastructure  Poverty and high degree of economic disparity  Closed economic system  Absence of rights/undemocratic  Informal educational and medical systems  Irrelevant borders and absence of control  States cannot adequately deliver public goods and services to their citizens

15 Categories of Decline  Weak  Failing  Failed  Collapsed

16 Categories of Decline  Weak  Failing  Failed  Collapsed

17 Categories of Decline  Weak  Failing  Failed  Collapsed

18 Categories of Decline  Weak  Failing  Failed  Collapsed

19 Inability of state institutions to deliver public goods and services From failure...

20 …to collapse “State” of nature…no legal governance institutions

21 Three Scenarios

22 Peaceful Regime Transition

23 Implosion

24 External Military Intervention

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