Presentation on theme: "“I would rather obey a fine lion, much stronger than myself, than two hundred rats of my own species.” - Voltaire Absolutism and the State Supreme."— Presentation transcript:
“I would rather obey a fine lion, much stronger than myself, than two hundred rats of my own species.” - Voltaire Absolutism and the State Supreme
I. It’s good to be the king...sometimes The strange childhood of Louis XIV b r Era of Regents Cardinal Richelieu Anne of Austria Mazarin “foreigners”
Put away these childish things… The Fronde, Monarchy v. the Parlements Paris Nobles Peasants The lesson…?
L’etat, C’est moi!
II. Forging the Modern State
“Life is nasty, brutish and short” Thomas Hobbes - Leviathan, 1660 Absolutism “It is not wisdom but Authority that makes a law”
Perils of Progress Wars of religion & colonization Price Revolution Enclosure
III. Absolutism? Absolutely! A well conducted government must have an underlying concept so well integrated that it could be likened to a system of philosophy…All financial, political and military matters must flow towards one goal…the strengthening of the state and the furthering of its power. - Frederick II “The Great” d. 1786
Enlightened despotism King James (VI & I) True Law of Free Monarchies – material/spiritual well-being - sacred obedience - sovereignty lies in the monarch Joseph II of Austria Philosophes
“Servant of the state” Philosophes Frederick the Great Joseph II
A. The Renaissance Machiavelli The Prince 1513 How things are v. how they ought to be
B. The Reformation 1. Religion and nationalism - Fragmentation v. universalism - Appeal to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation 1521
C. Decline in Church Primacy 1. State Sovereignty - Henry VIII, Act of Supremacy Charles V, Peace of Augsburg Peace of Westphalia 1648
D. Decline of medieval “empires” 1. Ottoman Empire Suleiman the Magnificent r Battle of Lepanto 1571