Presentation on theme: "Period 6 -----Grammar 2. To get the Ss to give advice using “should, ought to, had better, have to, must ” and “ Why not…? Why don’t you …? Perhaps (you."— Presentation transcript:
Period Grammar 2
To get the Ss to give advice using “should, ought to, had better, have to, must ” and “ Why not…? Why don’t you …? Perhaps (you should )…” in different correct ways. Teaching objectives:
Words and phrases: 1. washroom 2. popcorn 3. *review 4.soft drink 5. as slim as 6. * film review Sentences: 1. We had better arrive early so that you will not miss anything. 2. You have to keep quiet while watching the film. 3. I can’t decide which film to watch. Grammar: Give advice using “should, ought to, had better, have to, must ” and “ Why not…? Why don’t you …? Perhaps (you should )…” Emphases and difficulties:
Do you often go to the cinema? Leading-in
Shall we…? What/How about…? Let’s …, shall we? Why not …? Why don’t you …? Can we …? We’d better…. Would you like to …? What would you like to say if you’d like your classmates to go to the cinema with you?
What should we do when we are at the cinema? What shouldn’t we do when we are at the cinema? Leading-in:
Dos and Don’ts at the cinema: You __________ (had better, must) arrive early so that you will not miss anything. You ______________ (must, ought to) go to the washroom before the film begins. You ____________(had better, have to) buy some popcorn or soft drinks before the film begins. You __________ (had better, have to) keep quiet while watching the film. You ____________ (must, should) bring a jacket to the cinema because you might feel cold. had better ought to had better have to should Task 1: Please look at these sentences and choose the best answers.
Instructions for using the lab: Dos: Listen to your teacher carefully. Follow your teacher’s instructions. Tidy the lab. Turn off the lights before you leave. Don’ts Don’t come in without a teacher. Don’t forget to lock the door. Don’t forget to wash your hands. Please give us advice using “had better, have to, should, must, ought to”.
Dos and don’ts in the Reading-room: come into the room quietly keep the reading-room clean put the books make a noise speak loudly take …out of eat snacks Please give some advice to your partners.
Task 2:Conclusion on giving advice Giving advice in a gentle wayin a more forceful way Positiveshould ought to had better have to/has to must Negativeshouldn’t ought not to had better not don’t/doesn’t have to mustn’t
Consolidation: What advice would you like to give if your partners say as the following? 1. I’m thirsty. 2. I’ve had a very bad cold. 3. I love sweets and chocolate. 4. I like football very much but I have no time for it. You’d better/ ought to/ have to/ should / must drink some... You’d better not/ ought not to/ should not/ mustn’t eat too much…. It’s bad for your health....
We can also give advice using “why not”, “why don’t you” and “perhaps”. Eg: Task 3: Some other structures of giving advice I’m very thirsty. What should I do? Why not drink some water? Why don’t you drink some water? Perhaps you should drink some water.
Complete the dialogue: 1) Amy: Hi, Aunt Pauline. Where are you going? Aunt Pauline: I am going to Shenzhen for a business trip. Amy: Your suitcases look very heavy.________ I can help you carry one of them. Aunt Pauline: Thank you. 2) Emily: Oh, it's very hot today. Where can I go? David: _________ go to the beach?__________ you could go swimming. Emily: But I don't know how to swim. David: I can teach you. Perhaps Why notPerhaps Task 4:
3) Sandy: There's nothing interesting on TV. Kitty: _______________turn to Golden TV ? There's a chat show on now. Sandy: I don't really like chat shows. Kitty: ____________go out for a walk then? 4) Billy: I got low marks in my Maths exam again. __________I should pay more attention in Maths class. Denny: _______________join our study group? We study for an hour in the library every day after school. Billy: That's a good idea. Why don’t you Why not Why don’t you Perhaps Task 4:
Should 、 ought to 、 had better 、语法讲解 用 should 、 ought to 、 had better 、 have to 、 must 提出建议。 (1) 当我们要用 “ 和善 ” 的方法提出建议时，用 should, ought to 和 had better 。 e.g. We should go and see Mary sometime. You ought to watch more Western films to improve your English. They had better arrive early so that they won’t miss anything. should/ ought to 表示 “ 应该 ” ，后跟动词原形。 should 比 ought to 语气 要轻一些， should 谈的是自己的主观看法，而 ought to 则更多地反映 客观情况。 should 的否定形式是 should not; ought to 的否定形式是 ought not to 。 had better 表示 “ 最好 ” ，后跟动词原形，否定式是 had better not do sth. e.g. You should not do that. Students ought not to be late for class. It’ s cold.You had better put on your coat. She had better not go out at night.
have to 、 must 语法讲解 (2) 当我们想用 “ 更强硬 ” 的态度提出建议时，用 have to 和 must. e.g. You have to stop smoking. You must buy a ticket to go into the cinema. have to / must 表示 “ 必须 ” ，后跟动词原形； have to 常表示客观要求， must 则表示主观愿望。 e.g. I have to finish my work on time. ( 外界要求我完成 ) I must finish my work on time. ( 自己想完成 ) have to 的否定式是 don’t have to, 表示 “ 不必要 ” ； must 的否定式是 must not, 表示 “ 一定不能 ” 、 “ 不允许 ” 。 e.g. She doesn’t have to do all the homework. You mustn’t put your bike here.
用 why not, why don’t you 和 perhaps 来提建议 用 why not, why don’t you 和 perhaps 来提建议。 why not / why don’t you 后跟动词原形，也是提出建议的 两种方式，表示 “ 为什么不 ……”, 两者可以互换。 e.g. Why not go out for a walk? Why don’t you go out for a walk? Why not wear a T-shirt? =Why don’t you wear a T-shirt? perhaps 是提出建议的另一种方式，表示 “ 或许，可能，也 许 ” 。 e.g. Perhaps you should read the film review.
Homework: 1. Translate the given sentences. 2. Finish the exercises in the workbook.