Presentation on theme: "U13 Healthy eating What is your favorite food? How about snacks? Your opinions: What kind of food is good for our health? What kind of food is bad for."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 13 Goals and food names Warming up: Goals 1 Get to know some names of food 2 Tell what is junk food or healthy food and why. Step 1 Name food names in or out of pictures as many as you know. (homework1)
Cues for the choice(why?) Step 2 Tell which are healthy foods and which are junk foods? Why? Cues for answers Some food is good for us in small amounts Some food is bad for us in large amounts Calcium makes our bones stronger Calories makes us fat Sugar can gives us energy and makes us fat
U13 Healthy eating ：句型应用 healthy food Vs junk food vitamin protein fat sugar calorie fibre mineral 句型： I think that …because… French fries corn dumpling noodle vegetable cabbage cucumber carrot lettuce fruit grape pear pork beef chocolate bean curd mushroom
操练句型： （一） I think that ….because … 1) opinion: junk food or healthy food 2) why: I think that… because … French fries corn dumpling noodle vegetable carrot lettuce fruit grape pear pork beef chocolate bean curd mushroom
知识点操练 1 （附 : 清华 1~5 ） contain & include pain(s) 痛 ; （ ache;hurt,suffering ） have a pain in + 身体一部分 pains 努力，辛劳 take great pains with sth/ to do sth green : 绿色的，未成熟的，环保的（关于颜色） (not) a bit & (not) a little advise sb (not) to do sth 劝某人（不）做某事 advise sb against doing sth 劝某人不做某事 advise sb that … （ should ） … 建议某人 …… （虚拟） advise sb of sth 通知某人某事 examine /check/ test
Homework 2: p2 Ask five classmates at least what they like to eat. And choose two of their foods to tell which is junk food and which is healthy food? Why? What kind of food do you like best? What is your favorite food? I think it is..food because …
Speaking : how to see a doctor Goals1 practise seeing a doctor * describe symptoms( 症状 ) Goals2 Give advice and make suggestions * had better, should, ought to, * why not, why don’t you, I advise you to …
Speaking ： lead-in 对话，问题与建议 Step 1 before speaking activities :I need your help. T: I have some problems these days, would you like to give me some advice? S: Certainly T: Thank you. I am not feeling well these days. I can’t sleep well at night. ………………………………………………….I feel tired/unhappy/sleepy. ………………………………………………….I have a headache S1: I advise you to… S2: You’d better(not) do.../ought (not) to … S3: I think(suggest ) you should… Ss: …
医生的行动 ( 简要引入 ) B:What do doctors do? take your temperature, listen to your chest look in your ears, examine you, take your blood pressure, ask you some questions---- 今天我们学习： 医生和病人对话：英文版 备注：看医生：一要能听懂医生的话，第 二要懂得回答
对话：（一）句型 3: 医生提问和建议 P3 What can I do for you? Can I help you? I advise you to … I suggest you should … I think you should … 提建议 Why not…? Why don’t you…? What is the matter? What is wrong with you? （回答 next slide ）
Speaking ( 病人描述症状 ) Step 2 before speaking A:What are your symptoms? A ： What’s wrong with you? I have got a cold/ a cough/ a sore throat/ I have a fever/ a stomach ache/ I have a pain in my side/ a bruise on my leg. I feel sick/ dizzy/ shivery/ breathless I am depressed / tired I have lost my appetite/ I can’t sleep There is something wrong with my… I don’t feel well. p3
医生的话 2 C: Lie down and let me examine you. Let me have a look. Where does it hurt? Drink plenty of water and get some rest. D:What do doctors prescribe( 开处方，给医嘱 )? take one three times a day after meals have some injections, need an operation have your leg put in plaster, have a rest for a week, have to x-ray to make sure
Speaking (homework32 9/2) Work together with your partner. Choose one of these situations and act it out.P 2
第一周周四 6 班：复习句型 healthy food Vs junk food vitamin protein fat sugar calorie fibre mineral 句型： I think that …because… French fries corn dumplings noodles vegetable cabbage cucumber carrot lettuce fruits grapes pears pork beef chocolate bean curd mushroom
Pre-reading 简单引入一 Six essential nutrients: 1. protein 2. carbohydrate 3. fat 4. vitamins 5. minerals 6. water Do you know them and their functions?
Pre-reading 引入二 Discuss the following questions with your partner. 1 ） Which of the following gives you the most energy: a banana, a soft drink or a bar of chocolate? 2 ） How many meals do you have every day? Which meals do you think is the most important? 3 ） How much water do you drink every day? 4 ） What kind of snack do you take ?
Reading We are what we eat Step 1 Look at the title and imagine what will be written? Step 2 1 ） Go over the first paragraph quickly and try to find the main idea of the article. 2 ） Guess the meaning of fuel. Step 3 Tell the key meaning of each paragraph.
段落大意 Pa 2 When we choose what to buy and eat, we had better think whether the food will give us the nutrients we need. Pa 3 Many people today make choices about their eating habits based on what they believe. Pa 4 It is probably better if we spend our time and money on buying good food and keep a balanced diet. Pa 5 The best way to make sure that we will feel and look fine is to develop healthy eating habits.
Reading Read the text a second time and try to find the details for the following chart.
表格： details nutrientsfunctionsources protein Eggs, milk and other dairy products Main fuel for our body Vitamins, fibre and minerals
Details: keys NutrientsFunctionSources protein Eggs, milk and other dairy products Main fuel for our body Bread, rice and noodles Vitamins, fibre and minerals Good for our muscleFish, meat and beans calcium Vegetables, fruits, fish and milk Fight disease, keep our functioning well carbohydrates Good for our bones
第一周周五复习一（ 4 、 6 班）：师生对话，问题与建议 Step 1 before speaking activities :I need your help. T: I have some problems these days, would you like to give me some advice? S: Certainly T: Thank you. I am not feeling well these days. I can’t sleep well at night. ………………………………………………….I feel tired/unhappy/sleepy. ………………………………………………….I have a headache S1: I advise you to… S2: You’d better(not) do.../ought (not) to … S3: I think(suggest ) you should… Ss: Why not (do)…? Ss: Why don’t you (do)…?
复习二：结合句子会议 Details: 引出部分语言点 NutrientsFunctionSources protein (minerals)Eggs, milk and other dairy products Main fuel for our body Bread, rice and noodles Vitamins, fibre and minerals Good for our muscleFish, meat and beans calcium Vegetables, fruits, fish and milk Fight disease, keep our functioning well carbohydrates Good for our bones
难点 1 Read the text carefully.Ss mark difficult words and sentences then discuss with classmates. T explain the language points( please turn to p131-133 of the text book or the book 走向清华 ) P1 Our eating habits have changed, as has our way of life. 谓语＋ 主语 Harry is unusually tall, as is his brother. Harry is unusually tall, so is his brother. *as 的使用是为了避免重复
难点 2 2 Traditional diets often have too much fat and too many calories ………… too much+ 名词 too many ＋名词 much too ＋形容词，副词 Please refer to p 5 走进清华 3 make the right choices about Eg:You should make the right choices about who to follow.
难点 3P2P3 P2 1. be good for 对 …… 有好处 Eg:Which kind of habits is good for us ？ 2..help keep our body functioning well. (refer to p3 book 走进清 华 ) 3 Fruit….help our body fight disease. P3 1 Many people today make choices about their eating habits based on what they believe. 2 Organic vegetables are those that are grown without chemicals that can be harmful to human beings or environment.
难点 P4 1 Books, magazines and television shows tell us about food and pills we should buy to become smarter, healthier and 2 if we eat healthy food in the right amounts… in the right amounts in large amounts in small amounts 3 The same goes for “crash diets”……p132
难点 P5 Only in that way will we be ready for the challenges and opportunities in life. Eg:Only at his office can you see him. Eg: Only you can see him now. Eg: Only at night can you find him here. Only 后面不直接跟上名词或者代词 的时候，后面的句子要倒装
Integrating skills: 难点 1)…by doing sth 我们可以通过吃橙子来补充维生素 C 。 Eg: We can give us Vitamin C by eating oranges. 2)Most fruits are naturally sweet and we can eat them just the way they are—all we have to do is clean or peel them.( 走向清华 ) 当主语中含有实义动词 do 时，作表语的动词不 定式 “to” 常可以省略。 Eg:What I want to do is (to) work hard.
难点操练 2 keys 1 、我已经完成作业了，李明也一样。 I have finished my homework, so/as has Li Ming. 1) 倒装句的（助）动词由前一句的动词决定, 但倒装句 的动词的单复数应该和倒装句的主语一致。。 Eg: I went shopping yesterday, as/so did Ling. Eg: He likes computer, so /as do his sisters. 2 、我们最好学会正确选择吃什么。 We had better learn to make the right choices about what to eat. *had better （ not ） + 动词原形 注意：不管主语是什么， had better 没有词形的变化 Eg:She had better not have too many chips. Eg: He had better choose the healthy food to eat.
难点操练 2 keys 3 、她的所作所为伤害了我们的感情。 What she did hurts our feelings. 以句子做主语，谓语用第三人称单数形式。 4 、她不再相信我了。 (no longer) She no longer believes me. She doesn’t believe me any longer. 5 、你已经不再是一个小孩了。 You are no longer a child. You are not a child any longer. 注意： 1 ） no longer 一般放在 be 动词的后面，在实义动词 前面。相当于 not…any longer. 2 ） No longer 在句子中不会影响谓语动词的形式。
难点操练 2 keys 6 、对我而言, 炸鸡有太多的脂肪了。 Fried chicken has too much fat for me. 7 、橙子可以给我们提供丰富的维生素 C 。 --Oranges can offer us plenty of Vitamin C offer sb( 宾格 ) sth. ＝ offer sth to sb( 宾格 ) 给某人提供某物 Eg: My parents offer me money every month.
难点操练 3 T/F ： 1. He found all kinds of book in the room. 2. He wants to taste all kinds of food in NanHai. 3. We have all kinds of pens here. 1. 错。 book—books( 可数名词 ) 2. 正确 food 是不可数名词 3. 正确 *all kinds of + 可数名词的复数 all kinds of + 不可数名词原形
难点操练 4 1. 对 …… 好 carbohydrate protein calcium *be good for 炭水化合物 蛋白质 鈣 2. __________ becomes one of his hobbies. A. Play cards B. Playing cards 现在分词短语作主语，相当于第三人称单数主语。 3. Fibre can ___ our body ____ well. A.keep…function… B. keep …functioning. Keep…doing 使得保持 …… 状态 4.We can_____vitamins _____ fruits. A.get …from eat B get …from eating C.have …in eat D eat …eating *get sth from sth/doing sth 从 …… 获得 ……
难点操练 5 1 、对 …… 有害 保持饮食平衡 减肥 be harmful to keep a balanced diet lose weight 2 、一点儿也不 *not a bit not…at all She is not beautiful at all = She is not a bit beautiful. 3. We have so much to choose from. eg: There is a chair for you to ______ A.sit B. sit on C. sit in D sat 4.smart—smarter healthy---heathier beautiful---?
难点操练 6 难句： P4 ： The same goes for “crash diet” that some companies say will make us lose weight fast. 某些公司推荐的快随减肥用的快速食疗，也是 一样。 The best way to make sure that we will feel and look fine is to develop healthy eating habits. 1) to make sure that we will feel and look fine 不定式短语作后置定语 2 ） to develop healthy eating habits 不定式短语做表语 到达那里的最快的方式是坐飞机去。 The fastest way to get there is to go there by plane
Post-reading 1 what does the word “fuel” and “ green” mean in the text? Fuel here means the food we need to keep our bodies healthy and active. Green foods are organic foods,that is, foods are grown and produced naturally.
Post-reading 2 Tell the definition of the following words. Vegetarians Vegans Eco-food Crash diets Organic vegetables
Post-reading 3 How have our eating habits changed? Why? We are busier than in past years so we now have less time to eat than before. Ss’ opinions:
Post-reading 4 Work in pairs and discuss the following questions 1 ) Why do people go to fast food restaurants? People go to fast food restaurants because they are quick and convenient. 2) Why is it not good for you to eat much sugar and fat? Too much sugar and fat will make you as big as a whale.
Post-reading 3) Why are crash diets and supplements so popular? Some people start crash diets because they are in too much of a hurry to lose weight naturally. 4) What can we do to keep a balanced diet? To keep a balanced diet, we must first make a list of the foods we most often eat.
Home-work Make a list to give some advice on healthy eating. For example 1 Remember to eat a variety of foods because no single food is perfect. 2 Don’t eat too much of …. Because…..
Reading 知识点操练 ( 小结 ) （附 : 清华 6~ ） 1. 清华 6 keep …doing 使 …… 处于某状态 keep …(from) doing 使 …… 不做某事 2.what to eat based on what they believe 过去分词短 语作后置定语；以 …… 为基础 不定式作后置定语 ( 关于介词 ) make sure that… make sure of sth/doing sth
第一周周六：复习：师生对话，问题 与建议 Step 1 before speaking activities :I need your help. T: I have some problems these days, would you like to give me some advice? S: Certainly T: Thank you. I am not feeling well these days. I can’t sleep well at night. ………………………………………………….I feel tired/unhappy/sleepy. ………………………………………………….I have a headache S1: I advise you to… S2: You’d better(not) do.../ought (not) to … S3: I think(suggest ) you should… Ss: Why not (do)…? Ss: Why don’t you (do)…?
第二周周一： ex1 in P5 1...should stay home today. 2…had better change your diet 3…you had better not to outside in the rain 4…should make sure it is ripe. 5…you ought to get some rest. 6….had better take this cough medicine twice a day. 7…had better not drive your car until this afternoon. 8…should try not to run on it.
第二周周一： ex2 in P6 1. You ought to talk to your friend about I t before the dinner. 2. But if you don’t want to ask her, then you had better do what she does at the table. 3. Of course, you should try all the food you are offered. 4. However,you shouldn't be too nervous. After all, you are her guest and she will try to make you feel comfortable.
Translation:P74 1. The doctor tells Jane that she should do more exercises. 2. If you are trying hard to lose weight, you ought to avoid eating too much oil and fat. 3. You ought to take exercise while you are trying to lose weight. You’d better take a walk for about half an hour at least once every day. 4. Boys need about 2800 calories a day, and girls need about 2,200 calories a day. 5. You’d better not eat more than 65 grammes of fat every day.
Grammar 概论 * can could may might must shall should will would need dare ought to had better have to 情态动词：表示说话人对某一动作或者状态的态 度. 1) 不能单独作谓语动词, 后跟上动词原形。 2 ）没有人称和数的变化。 3 ）部分情态动词没有过去式，如： must ought to had better. 4 ）否定式一般在后面加 not ，但 ought to,have to 例 外 ought not to don’t /doesn’t/didn’t have to
had better should ought to had better (not) do sth: 最好（不）要 …… should (not) do sth （不）应该 …… ought (not) to do sth （不）应该 一、 had better “ 最好，还是 …… 好 ” 1) 表示义务或者建议，语气比 should/ought to 委婉。 2) 无人称时态变化。后接动词原形。否定式 为 had better not 3) 疑问句： had + 主语 +better …? Eg:Had you better go at noce?
had better should ought to should 与 ought to : 一般通用，后者语气稍重。 一、两者共同点： 1 ）后接动词原形，肯定时译作 “ 应该 ” should 表示劝告、建议－－译作 “ 应该 ” ought to 表示义务、要求或者劝告译作 “ 应该 ” 2) 不同点： should not do sth ，译作 “ 不应该 ought ( not ) to do sht 译作 “ （不）应该 ” eg: We should/ ought to study hard. Eg:We shouldn't /ought not to make noise in class.
*must have to *must : “ 必须，应该 ”, 后接动词原形。 must not “ 禁止，不准 ” 回答 must 的问句时候，否定式常用 needn’t 或者 don’t have to, 表示不必，肯定的时候用回 must 就可以了。 Must I finish my homework before 7 o’clock? No,you needn’t./ You don’t have to. *have to
grammar Step 1 Do exercise 1on p74. Step 2 Finish three sentences of exercise 1 on p 5. Step 3 Activity 1) 6 students a group 2)S1 write a problem you are worried about, it can be study, school life, friendship 3) pass the paper to the next and S2 write a suggestion about the problem using modal verbs,then pass to the next 4) the last S should make a presentation.
Integrating skills 1 Language points Most fruits are naturally sweet and we can eat them just the way they are--------- all we have to do is clean and peel them.( refer to p133). 2 writing first study the tips How to write a recipe p7