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 starter activity Explain the meaning behind this British cartoon of the 1940s.  Extension task – can you write a caption?

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Presentation on theme: " starter activity Explain the meaning behind this British cartoon of the 1940s.  Extension task – can you write a caption?"— Presentation transcript:

1  starter activity Explain the meaning behind this British cartoon of the 1940s.  Extension task – can you write a caption?

2 Did Cold War start as Second World War ended To identify the strains in the Grand Alliance To assess the extent that relations had broken down by the end of WWII  Learning objectives

3  Your task Can you recall 9 key reasons for growing tensions between the West & USSR? Jot them down on a piece of paper – but no sneaky peaking! Can you recall 9 key reasons for growing tensions between the West & USSR? Jot them down on a piece of paper – but no sneaky peaking! Read p.8-10 and list additional reasons why tensions increased between the West and USSR during WWII Read p.8-10 and list additional reasons why tensions increased between the West and USSR during WWII  Extension – read Gaddis p and evaluate the prospects for peace after WWII  Extension – read Gaddis p and evaluate the prospects for peace after WWII

4 Reasons for growing tensions Grand Alliance based on mutual opposition to Nazi Germany – what would happen when the war was over? Grand Alliance based on mutual opposition to Nazi Germany – what would happen when the war was over? Opening ‘Second Front’ Opening ‘Second Front’ Post-war settlement, e.g. Poland Post-war settlement, e.g. Poland Anti-Communist feeling in US, e.g. VP, Truman, ‘ If we see that Germany is winning the war we ought to help Russia, and if Russia is winning we ought to help Germany, and in that way let them kill as many as possible ’ Anti-Communist feeling in US, e.g. VP, Truman, ‘ If we see that Germany is winning the war we ought to help Russia, and if Russia is winning we ought to help Germany, and in that way let them kill as many as possible ’

5  Your task Study the factoids on p.11. Your teacher will give you a photocopy. Highlight in different colours evidence that might cause or reduce tension in international relations Study the factoids on p.11. Your teacher will give you a photocopy. Highlight in different colours evidence that might cause or reduce tension in international relations  Extension task – how would an orthodox and a revisionist historian treat this evidence? Explain who was most responsible for causing tensions from the perspective of both schools of thought.  Extension task – how would an orthodox and a revisionist historian treat this evidence? Explain who was most responsible for causing tensions from the perspective of both schools of thought.

6  Extension Read the extracts your teacher provides. Highlight in different colours evidence of origins of Cold War tensions in terms of: Read the extracts your teacher provides. Highlight in different colours evidence of origins of Cold War tensions in terms of: Ideological differences Ideological differences Personalities Personalities Conflicting national interests Conflicting national interests Would you say these historians are orthodox or revisionist? Would you say these historians are orthodox or revisionist?

7  Your task On a sheet of flip chart paper draw a line across the centre and plot how far you think the following factors were responsible for Cold War tensions by the end of WWII On a sheet of flip chart paper draw a line across the centre and plot how far you think the following factors were responsible for Cold War tensions by the end of WWII Ideological differences Ideological differences Personalities Personalities Conflicting national interests Conflicting national interests Beneath each heading note down the evidence you will use to support your judgement. Include at least 2 pieces of evidence and explain its relevance Beneath each heading note down the evidence you will use to support your judgement. Include at least 2 pieces of evidence and explain its relevance

8 Level 2 (1-12)Level 3 (13-18)Level 4 (19-24) Your essay is written as a series of statements with some development in the form of mostly accurate and relevant factual material There is some analysis, but focus on analytical development is implicit. You attempt to make links between the statements and the material but this is not developed very far. There may be some material which is broadly descriptive, lacks depth or which is only partially relevant to the question’s focus. Or which strays from the focus from time to time. Your answer is broadly analytical and shows some understanding of the focus of the question. The analysis is supported by accurate factual material, which will be mostly relevant to the question asked. You have written an analytical response which relates well to the focus of the question, and shows some understanding of the key issues it contains.

9  Homework – first essay! How far do you agree with the view that the origins of Cold War in 1945 and 1946 owed much to ideological differences and little to personalities? How far do you agree with the view that the origins of Cold War in 1945 and 1946 owed much to ideological differences and little to personalities?

10 Plenary Plenary List 3 reasons why there were strains in the Grand Alliance by 1945 List 3 reasons why there were strains in the Grand Alliance by 1945 Give 3 examples of individuals bringing strength to the Alliance and 3 examples of them causing tensions Give 3 examples of individuals bringing strength to the Alliance and 3 examples of them causing tensions In your opinion which factor was the greatest cause of Cold War in the 1940s? In your opinion which factor was the greatest cause of Cold War in the 1940s?


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