Presentation on theme: "Semantics: the study of meaning that can be determined from a sentence, phrase or word. Pragmatics: the study of meaning, as it depends on context (speaker,"— Presentation transcript:
Semantics: the study of meaning that can be determined from a sentence, phrase or word. Pragmatics: the study of meaning, as it depends on context (speaker, situation) 2
That’s the boss? (Itu bosnya kan?) THAT’s the boss? (Orangnya kecil jelek tapi bisa jadi boss ya? Is that the boss? (yes/no Question)
It’s hot here! (open the window, switch on the fan/AC) It’s cold outside! (please don’t go out) Would you mind to open the door? (polite request) (direct and indirect) Lha koq kowe? (Read: keheranan) Lha aku koq! (Read: Penegasan,lebay) Lha koq ngono? (Read: pertanyaan)
John went to the book store. John store1, go(John, store1) John bought a book. buy(John,book1) John gave the book to Mary. give(John,book1,Mary) Mary put the book on the table. put(Mary,book1,table1) LING NLP 7
(1) John broke the window with a hammer. (2)The hammer broke the window. (3) The window broke. 8
John broke the window with a hammer. SUBJ VERB OBJ MODIFIER The hammer broke the window. SUBJ VERB OBJ The window broke. SUBJ VERB 9
break(AGENT, INSTRUMENT, PATIENT) AGENT PATIENT INSTRUMENT John broke the window with a hammer. INSTRUMENT PATIENT The hammer broke the window. PATIENT The window broke.
AGENT PATIENT INSTRUMENT John broke the window with a hammer. SUBJ OBJ MODIFIER INSTRUMENT PATIENT The hammer broke the window. SUBJ OBJ PATIENT The window broke. SUBJ 11
1. The chicken is ready to eat 2. the shooting of the hunter occurred yesterday(penembakan pemburu itu). 3.visiting relatives can be boring 4. we saw her dog. 5. istri tentara yang genit itu tersenyum padaku. 6. colorless green ideas sleep furiously (Chomsky:1957).
Dialog and pragmatic knowledge – “open the door” is a REQUEST (as opposed to a STATEMENT or information-question) – It is polite to respond, even if you’re planning to kill someone. – What is `that’ in `I can’t do that’? – What is “that” in “ I really know about that”? – What is “This” in “This is just I really want in my life”? – What is “those” in “Those people are crazy”?
One statement I AM HUNGRY has many interpretation depends on the variety of speakers. I AM HUNGRY for a kid to his mother: he asks for a cake or a candy. I AM HUNGRY for a hobo or street beggar to pedestrians: he asks for a bread or “nasi bungkus” or “money” I AM HUNGRY for a boy to a girl: namanya MODUS… (he is,in fact, doesn’t feel hungry)