Presentation on theme: "Chapter One: Frankena: 1 Chapter One: Dr. Frankena Sharon Kay Stoll PEP 570: Ethics in Sport."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter One: Frankena: 1 Chapter One: Dr. Frankena Sharon Kay Stoll PEP 570: Ethics in Sport
Chapter One: Frankena: 2 Introduction n Our goal in this session: - To understand the nature and purpose of morality and moral philosophy according to Frankena.
Chapter One: Frankena: 3 Topics of Discussion n An unexamined life is not worth living. Socrates
Chapter One: Frankena: 4 Topic One n According to Socrates: what are the requisites of ethical thinking: u We ought never to harm anyone u We ought to keep our promises
Chapter One: Frankena: 5 Topic two - The nature of ethics n Descriptive, empirical n Normative n Analytical
Chapter One: Frankena: 6 Descriptive Philosophy n To describe and explain, or... n To work out a theory of human nature
Chapter One: Frankena: 7 Normative ethics n Asking “what is right” and “why is it right”?
Chapter One: Frankena: 8 Analytical ethics n also called critical ethics, or meta-ethics, or just ethics. n it asks epistemological or semantical questions, like: u What is the meaning of “right” or good” u How can ethical or value judgments be made? u Can they be justified? u What is the nature of morality? u What is the difference between moral and nonmoral? u What is the meaning of free will or determinism?
Chapter One: Frankena: 9 Topic Three - the nature of morality n Why is it different from ethics?
Chapter One: Frankena: 10 Factors in Morality - p. 9 n 1. Certain forms of judgment are said to have moral quality, obligation, or responsibility. n 2. Possible to give reasons for these judgments. n 3. Some rules, principles, ideas, and virtues can be expressed in more general judgments and form a background of knowledge.
Chapter One: Frankena: 11 Factors - continued n 4. Certain ways of feeling accompany these judgments and help us act. n 5. Certain Sanctions of holding responsible, praising, and blaming. n 6. A point of view that is different in other types of judging.
Chapter One: Frankena: 12 Kinds of normative judgment n Judgment of moral obligation or deontic judgment. n Judgments of moral value or aretaic judgments. n Judgments of nonmoral value. n Judgments of nonmoral obligation.
Chapter One: Frankena: 13 Examples: n I ought to wash my car today. n I ought to do my homework. n I ought to tell the truth, even if she doesn’t. n What you did was wrong! n Coach Smith is a good coach. n Coach Smith is a good man.
Chapter One: Frankena: 14 Examples: n You should go to the rock concert. n You should wear the skimpy bikini. n You should honor your word. n The movie, “Rosemary’s Baby”, would have been a better movie without the sex.
Chapter One: Frankena: 15 Dr. Frankena’s goal... n A little normative mixed in toward a meta- ethical approach.