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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 The imperfetto can be translated into English in several ways. Lia piangeva. Lia cried. Lia used to cry. Lia was crying. Facevo esercizio. I exercised. I used to exercise. I was exercising.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-2 The imperfetto is a simple tense; it does not require an auxiliary verb. The pattern of conjugation is identical for verbs ending in -are, -ere, and -ire. Drop the -re to form the stem and add the imperfect endings.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-3 Essere is irregular in the imperfetto, and the verbs bere, dire, and fare have irregular stems.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-4 Alberto faceva esercizio ogni giorno. Alberto used to exercise every day. Andavo regolarmente dal dottore. I would go to the doctor regularly. Use the imperfetto to talk about actions that took place repeatedly or habitually during an unspecified period of time. Note that habitual or repeated actions in Italian are often translated into English with used to or would. The imperfetto is also a descriptive tense. Use it to describe physical and mental states in the past, including age. Rachele era contenta, ma Franco era depresso. Rachele was happy, but Franco was depressed. Dante aveva nove anni quando ha visto Beatrice. Dante was nine years old when he saw Beatrice.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-5
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-6 Also use the imperfetto to describe weather and time in the past. Pioveva stamattina. It was raining this morning. Erano le sei e faceva bel tempo. It was 6:00 and the weather was nice. Use the imperfetto to describe an action or actions in progress in the past. Mentre (While) often signals two ongoing actions occurring over the same period of time. L’infermiere parlava mentre leggevo la ricetta. The nurse was speaking while I was reading the prescription. Carlo piangeva mentre guardava quel film. Carlo was crying while he was watching that film.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-7 An ongoing action in the imperfetto can also be interrupted by another action expressed with the passato prossimo. Quando (When) is often used to introduce the interrupting action. L’infermiere parlava quando il medico è entrato. The nurse was speaking when the doctor came in. Guardavamo il film quando Carlo ha starnutito. We were watching the film when Carlo sneezed.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-8 1. Da piccola, Geltrude non (amavo / amava) leggere. 2. A te (piaceva / piacevano) i broccoli da bambino? 3. Le nostre camere da letto (erano / eravate) molto piccole. 4. Io non (beveva / bevevo) il latte. 5. Chi (voleva / volevo) diventare un dottore da bambino? 6. Voi (preparavi / preparavate) dei dolci buonissimi. 7. Io e Antonio non (dicevate / dicevamo) mai bugie (lies). 8. Quell’inverno (facevo / faceva) veramente molto freddo. Scegli la forma corretta dell’imperfetto per completare ogni frase.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn.
Another past tense. The imperfetto (imperfect) is another past tense. It is used to describe habitual actions What people used to do or things that.
3.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The imperfetto Use the imperfetto to talk about what used to happen or to describe ongoing and habitual.
V Except for IRREGULAR verbs, you will find this characteristic consonant in all imperfect verb endings!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
You guys used to travel every summer every summer She was dancing They used to study. We were laughing. When I was little, I used to sing to sing.
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Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved The conditional tense in Spanish expresses what you would do or what would happen under.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.2-1 Punto di partenza The past conditional (il condizionale passato) is equivalent to would have talked/gone/made,
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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned that the present tense in Italian can be used to describe what.
L’imperfetto I was watching Sesame Street I lived in Wakefield when I was little He was short and chubby What were you doing? I used to watch Sesame Street.
Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an irregular verb, you will need to memorize its present.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.1-1 Punto di partenza The present conditional (il condizionale presente) expresses what you would do or what.
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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7A.1-1 Punto di partenza Use the future tense to talk about what will happen. Unlike in English, in Italian the.
Passato Prossimo The Italian Past Tense. Quando si usa? When does one use it? Right after an action is finished (similar to English present perfect) Ho.
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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.1-1 Punto di partenza The imperativo is the form of a verb that is used for commands, requests, suggestions,
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
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3.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato prossimo with avere and essere Use the passato prossimo to express an action completed in.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere and sapere both mean to know, but they are used in different contexts.
How to use the Internet to Speak and Write in Italian 1.Write simple sentences in English. 2.Identify the verb 3.Translate the verb correctlyhttp://dictionary.reverso.net/english-
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
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Copyright © 2014 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In Lessons 6–9, you learned the preterite tense. Now you will learn the imperfect tense,
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