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1 Brownout Situational Awareness Upgrade (BSAU) For CH-47D & UH-60 A/L.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Brownout Situational Awareness Upgrade (BSAU) For CH-47D & UH-60 A/L."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Brownout Situational Awareness Upgrade (BSAU) For CH-47D & UH-60 A/L

2 2

3 3 Briefing Agenda BSAU BackgroundBSAU Background BSAU Symbology Development & Hardware DetailsBSAU Symbology Development & Hardware Details BSAU TestingBSAU Testing BSAU Lessons LearnedBSAU Lessons Learned

4 4 BSAU Background Brownout History In FY 2002 and 2003 alone 3 Fatal Injuries, 29 Non-Fatal Injuries, and $59,114,234 in loss/damage attributed to Brownout Brownout Solution for CH-47 & UH-60 Moved to Army Aviation’s #3 Priority (of 200+)Brownout Solution for CH-47 & UH-60 Moved to Army Aviation’s #3 Priority (of 200+) 02 Sep 03 – PEO AVN directed CH-47/UH-60 to develop immediate Brownout solution.02 Sep 03 – PEO AVN directed CH-47/UH-60 to develop immediate Brownout solution. Dec 03 – $8M GWOT for CH/UH Block One NREDec 03 – $8M GWOT for CH/UH Block One NRE

5 5 The objective of this is to evaluate and demonstrate the functionality of an Interim Brownout Solution system as installed on the CH-47D and UH-60 A/L helicopter by providing a system which: BSAU Background Brownout Objectives 1.Allowed successful degraded visual environment DVE take-offs and landings 2.Minimized lateral drift and descent rate at touchdown to prevent aircraft damage 3.Prevented spatial disorientation by eliminating pilot induced oscillations (PIO) 4.Allowed controlled approach angle to selected touchdown point

6 6 BSAU Background Army’s BSAU Solution Joint BSAU Chinook & Blackhawk TeamJoint BSAU Chinook & Blackhawk Team AATD’s Rapid PrototypingAATD’s Rapid Prototyping Inclusion of OEM in design processInclusion of OEM in design process Combined Test Team (AATD, ATTC, RTTC)Combined Test Team (AATD, ATTC, RTTC) AATD’s inclusion of DES and User Assessment of Block I systemAATD’s inclusion of DES and User Assessment of Block I system Joint CH/UH Crew Station Working Groups throughout design and developmentJoint CH/UH Crew Station Working Groups throughout design and development Improved Training (AATD’s XPs & DES IPs develop training package)Improved Training (AATD’s XPs & DES IPs develop training package)

7 7 BSAU Symbology Development BSAU Symbology Detect Aircraft Attitude/Movement During Loss of Visual ReferencesDetect Aircraft Attitude/Movement During Loss of Visual References Cockpit and Heads Up DisplaysCockpit and Heads Up Displays Exploits Existing Equipment (MH-47/60, CH-47F,& UH- 60M)Exploits Existing Equipment (MH-47/60, CH-47F,& UH- 60M) Common B-Kit Components for CH-47D & UH-60A/LCommon B-Kit Components for CH-47D & UH-60A/L MH-47/60 MFD (2 each) CH-47F/UH-60M EGI (one each) Compatible w/ ANVIS-7 Night HUD New HMD (2 each Flat Day HUD)

8 8 BSAU Symbology Development - Cockpit Modification CH-47D Legacy Cockpit CH-47D BSAU Cockpit MFD UH-60 A/L Legacy Cockpit UH-60 A/L BSAU Cockpit Legacy HSI

9 9 CH-47D - New 5 position HUD Switch on Copilot's Thrust Control UH-60 Dual Function Go- Around Button CH-47D - New 5 position HUD Switch on Copilot's Thrust Control EGI On/Off Switch 4 to 1 GPS Antenna Splitter Zeroize Switch ARINC 575 ARINC 429 Circuit Breaker PDP No. 2 28VDC, 7.5 A Circuit Breaker PDP No. 1 28VDC, 7.5 A Circuit Breaker PDP 28VDC, 3 A Circuit Breaker PDP 28VDC, 1 A EGI ARINC 429 HUD SDC ASN-128B Doppler VOR ADF ASN-43 COMPASS Day HMD Day HMD HSI Mode Select MFD-255M HSI Mode Select MFD-255M APN-209 RADALT ARINC 429 UH-60 Dual Function Go-Around Button BSAU Architecture BSAU Architecture

10 10 BSAU Symbology Development Symbology Definition DGNS Waypoint Hover ACP Vertical Speed Indicator Scale Acceleration Cue Radar Altitude Scale Velocity Range Ring Horizon Line Ground Speed Readout Velocity Vector Roll Pointer Waypoint Fly-To Distance Mode of Flight Velocity Range Ring Label Compass Arc Heading Bug Heading Select

11 11 BSAU Symbology Development Symbology Set Evolution

12 12 BSAU Symbology Development

13 Lubber Line & Heading Readout 2. Distance 3. Compass 4. Compass Benchmark 5. Course Pointer 6. Lateral Deviation Bar 7. Lateral Deviation Scale 8. Soft Key Legend 12. Bearing Pointer #1 13. Vertical deviation pointer 14. Vertical deviation scale 15. Aircraft Symbol 16. To / From Indicator 17. Heading Bug 18. Selected Course BSAU Symbology Development HSI Symbology Definition 9. Selected Heading 10. Ground Speed 11. Bearing Pointer #2

14 14 BSAU Symbology Testing Phase I – Quantitative Flight Test on Hover Page Symbology and Flat Day HUD (FDH)Phase I – Quantitative Flight Test on Hover Page Symbology and Flat Day HUD (FDH) Phase II – Qualitative Flight Test (Includes “Bagged Cockpit”) on Hover Page Symbology and FDHPhase II – Qualitative Flight Test (Includes “Bagged Cockpit”) on Hover Page Symbology and FDH Phase III – Actual Brownout Landings (YPG)Phase III – Actual Brownout Landings (YPG) Phase IV – User AssessmentPhase IV – User Assessment with Hover Page Symbology and FDH with Hover Page Symbology and FDH HSI CertificationHSI Certification HSI Page Functionality, Accuracy, & SensitivityHSI Page Functionality, Accuracy, & Sensitivity Legacy HSI Backwards Compatibility w/ A-kitLegacy HSI Backwards Compatibility w/ A-kit RTTC EMC TestingRTTC EMC Testing

15 15 BSAU Phase I Quantitative Testing Instrumentation Instrumentation –Advanced Range Data System (ARDS) –Synchronized Video System –ARINC Data Recorder Engineering Maneuvers Engineering Maneuvers –Step Inputs (Longitudinal and Lateral) –Low Airspeed (Longitudinal and Lateral) –Climbs and Descents –Hovering Turns

16 16 BSAU Phase I Iterative Symbology Development Engineering Page Declutter Page

17 17 MFD With Full EGI – 32,650 LBS GWT PilotHoverHoverLandingHoverTurnVerticalManeuvSlopeNormalTakeoffITO Appch & Landing Go- Around LateralRecover AVG MFD/INU Only - Degraded EGI MFD With Full EGI – 40,000 LBS GWT (Medium Weight) MFD With Full EGI – 48,000 LBS GW (Heavy Weight) HUD With Full EGI – 32,650 LBS GWT PilotHoverHoverLandingHoverTurnVerticalManeuvSlopeNormalTakeoffITO Appch & Landing Go- Around LateralRecover AVG BSAU Phase II HQR Results

18 18 BSAU Phase III Testing at Yuma Proving Ground CH-47D Brownout Landing

19 19 BSAU Phase III Testing at Yuma Proving Ground CH-47D Brownout Take-Off

20 20 BSAU Phase III Testing at Yuma Proving Ground UH-60L Brownout Landing

21 21 BSAU Phase III Testing at Yuma Proving Ground UH-60L Brownout Take-Off

22 22 Lessons Learned Doppler Delays – Not adequate to drive acceleration cue Doppler Delays – Not adequate to drive acceleration cue Use of peripheral vision contaminated results Use of peripheral vision contaminated results Qualitative Testing before Quantitative Testing Qualitative Testing before Quantitative Testing “Ruggedness” of Data Recording Equipment “Ruggedness” of Data Recording Equipment Simulation may have saved money versus fly-fix-fly iterations Simulation may have saved money versus fly-fix-fly iterations One size does not fit all – symbol set ended up being aircraft dependent One size does not fit all – symbol set ended up being aircraft dependent Must consider training with high tech solutions Must consider training with high tech solutions

23 23 Questions?


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