Presentation on theme: "Vayikra ויקרא ויקרא. וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מֹועֵד לֵאמֹֽר׃ [Lev 1:1 HNV] 1 The LORD called to Moshe, and spoke to him."— Presentation transcript:
Vayikra ויקרא ויקרא
וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֵלָיו מֵאֹהֶל מֹועֵד לֵאמֹֽר׃ [Lev 1:1 HNV] 1 The LORD called to Moshe, and spoke to him out of the Tent of Meeting, saying,
לְשָׁנָה טוֹבָה [Exo 12:2 HNV] 2 "This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you.
“The Lord called to Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting.” (Leviticus 1:1) Torat Cohanim (The Law of the Priests)- oldest name Sefer Kadosh (Book of Holiness) It is in Vayikra that we learn about Holiness: 1.Holy offerings and sacrifices 2.Holy places (the Temple) 3.Holy people (the priests—Cohanim) 4.Holy food (kashrut) 5.Holy finances (tithing) 6.Holy days (Biblical fasts and festivals)
Leviticus Lev is the Hebrew word for Heart B’reisheet Shemot Bamidbar Devarim Every 50 letters left to right Torah, Torah, Torah Every 50 letters left to right Torah, Torah, Torah Every 49 letters right to left haroT, haroT Every 50 letters right to left haroT, haroT Vayikra Every 7 letters YHVH ELS- Equidistant Letter Sequencing Yaakov Ramsel- Messianic Rabbi ELS- Equidistant Letter Sequencing Yaakov Ramsel- Messianic Rabbi
1.B’reisheet- “in the beginning” 2.Shemot- “names” יהוה (hashem) 3.Vayikra- “and He called” 4.Bamidbar- “in the wilderness” 5.Devarim- “words” Devar of Elohim (Yeshua) 6.Interesting that the next book is Yehoshua!!! In the beginning Hashem called us out of the wilderness by His Word, Yeshua.
Parsha Vayikra outlines the following offerings and sacrifices: 1.The burnt or ascending offerings (olah), which were completely burned by fire on the altar (Leviticus 1:3–17) 2.The meal offerings (minchah), which were prepared with choice flour, olive oil, and frankincense (Leviticus 2); 3.The sacrifices of well-being or peace offerings (zebach shelamim), which were eaten by the person doing the offering after the Cohanim had received their part. Other parts were burned on the altar (Leviticus 3);
1.The sin offerings (chattat), which atoned for unwitting sin or sins of ignorance (Leviticus 4:1–26) 2.The guilt offerings (asham), which atoned for unwittingly being remiss about something sacred or for dealing deceitfully in regards to a deposit or pledge. Guilt offerings also involved restitution to the priest and to the victim (Leviticus 4:27–5:26 [6:7]).
Two related Hebrew words, qarov (near) and qrav (battle), which come from the same Hebrew root Q-R-V, shed light on offerings to the Lord. קָרַב to come near, approach, enter into, draw near THIS HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH SIN!!!! The Bible does not reject sacrifices but that sacrifices must be done with the proper heart or attitude behind it.
(1 Samuel 15:22) "Does the LORD delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying the LORD? To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed is better than the fat of rams.” [Hbr 10:4 KJV] 4 For [it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins. [Psa 51:17-19 HNV] 17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit. A broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise. 18 Do well in your good pleasure to Tziyon. Build the walls of Yerushalayim. 19 Then you will delight in the sacrifices of righteousness, In burnt offerings and in whole burnt offerings. Then they will offer bulls on your altar.
[Deu 12:13-14 HNV] 13 Take heed to yourself that you don't offer your burnt offerings in every place that you see; 14 but in the place which the LORD shall choose in one of your tribes, there you shall offer your burnt offerings, and there you shall do all that I command you. Hosea 14:2 “Take away all iniquity, and accept that which is good: so will we render [as] bullocks [the offering of] our lips.”
Praise & Worship- Especially when you don’t feel like it Giving of your money- Tithes & offerings are a sacrifice as we draw near to Him Giving of your time- In service, in prayer, in charitable deeds, etc. Fasting- when you fast you give up food/water to draw nearer to God Vows- The Torah speaks of making vows as being a sacrifice like the Nazerite Vow
[Rom 12:1 HNV] 1 Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service. Was this written to believers or unbelievers? We still have an obligation to God, a priestly duty. NLT “And so, dear brothers and sisters, I plead with you to give your bodies to God because of all he has done for you. Let them be a living and holy sacrifice—the kind he will find acceptable. This is truly the way to worship him.”
Ezek. 46:1 “Thus says the Lord God: The gate of the inner court that faces east shall be shut on the six working days, but on the Sabbath day it shall be opened, and on the day of the new moon it shall be opened. 2 The prince shall enter by the vestibule of the gate from outside, and shall take his stand by the post of the gate. The priests shall offer his burnt offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate. Then he shall go out, but the gate shall not be shut until evening. 3 The people of the land shall bow down at the entrance of that gate before the Lord on the Sabbaths and on the new moons.
Yeshua was a willing voluntary sacrifice, John 10:17-18 “Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself.” Ephes. 4:10 “He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)” It is through this nichowach rayach (sweet aroma offering) that the Ruach of God would rest upon His people. It is always two fold. The sacrifice ascends and the blessing of YHVH descends and rests on the giver of the offering. One act produces the other. John 16:7 “It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.” Just as the nichowach rayach implies, there is a resting of a spirit that takes place. An abiding of the Ruach as a result of this act of worship. John 14:16 “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;”
Lev. 1:4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. We pray and praise in the name of Yeshua because He is the ascending sweet aroma and we are identified with Him before the Father. Ephes. 2:6-7 And hath raised [us] up together, and made [us] sit together in heavenly [places] in Yeshua Messiah: That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in [his] kindness toward us through Yeshua Messiah. Yeshua is our Corban Olah- the ascending gift/offering that allows us to draw near. We as believers today still have an obligation to keep covenant with our God by offering up Qorbanot (offerings/sacrifices). The root of this word is Qof, Resh, Beth which means to “draw near.” When we praise Him with all of our heart it is a nichowach reyach to the Father and then the Comforter descends and rests upon us
[Hbr 13:15-16 NIV] 15 Through Yeshua, therefore, let us continually offer to God a sacrifice of praise--the fruit of lips that openly profess his name. 16 And do not forget to do good and to share with others, for with such sacrifices God is [pleased.] (nichowach- tranquil, rested, at peace)
Isaiah 43:21-22 “This people have I formed for myself; they shall shew forth my praise. But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob; but thou hast been weary of me, O Israel.” Isaiah 43:23-24 “Thou hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neither hast thou honoured me with thy sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an offering, nor wearied thee with incense. Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.” Israel was only bringing the required sacrifices but not the willing ones that were just for praise and worship and thanksgiving. Is this our approach today?
Outer courts- where the majority of people are. You enter by the blood of the Lamb and are washed cleaned by the water of His word & spirit Inner courts/Holy or set-apart place- a fewer amount of people get inside here. You enter through pressing in past a veil covered with cherubim. A spiritual veil. Holiest of Holies- The set-apart place from the set-apart place. Very small amount of people enter here. You enter by pressing in another veil covered with Cherubim with incense/prayer. Psalm 141:2 “Let my prayer be set forth before thee [as] incense; [and] the lifting up of my hands [as] the evening sacrifice.”