Presentation on theme: "Language points Lessons 26-27 (be)at war 处于战争／交战状态 1)The USA then declared that it was at war with that country. 2)When he came back, he found that his."— Presentation transcript:
Language points Lessons 26-27
(be)at war 处于战争／交战状态 1)The USA then declared that it was at war with that country. 2)When he came back, he found that his country was at war.
desert vt. 抛弃，遗弃，脱离；（在需 要的时候）失去 n. 沙漠； · The hunter deserted his injured companion. When he had to speak to the headteacher, his courage suddenly deserted him. Having travelled in the deserts for days,they found some deserted houses.
fall to pieces 垮台，崩溃，倒塌， 解体 After the death of Napoleon, his empire began to fall to pieces. The old building fell to pieces in the war.
a workforce of 400 Cambodians,most of them women The teacher came in,book in hand. He stood there,(with) his right hand raised.
devote oneself/ one’s time/life to (doing) sth. He devoted most of his time to teaching/football.
lay down 放下 ; 铺 ; 制订, 规定 lay down one’s life 牺牲生命 lay down one’s arms 放下武器 The young mother laid the baby down gently on the bed. The guest laid down his knife and fork with a look of complete satisfaction. These price limits are laid down by the government
waiting to be replaced 现在分词作伴 随状语 She finished all her work feeling relaxed. He sat in a chair reading newspapers.
replace= take the place of vt. 代替、取代 John will replace Bill in the team. Can anything replace a mother's love and care? We have replaced slave labour with/by machines.
watch over 查看，照看，负责；看守， 监视等 ① I am his best friend, and I will always watch over him. ② They were watched over by three policemen.
protect sb./sth. from /against… 保护某人／某物免受 … You should wear your sunglasses to protect your eyes against/from sunlight. The air conditioner is covered with a piece of metal board, which protects it from water.
besides adv. ( ＝ moreover ＝ in addition) 还有，而且。通常置于句首。 prep. 除 … 之外，还有 … The task is difficult ； besides, time is limited. There are five other rooms besides these two.
to make things/matters worse 插入语， “ 使情况更糟的是 ” To make things worse, it began to rain.
carry on with ＝ go on with ＝ continue (with) carry on (with) the work/the research
spread vt. 铺开，伸开；涂，抹；传 播，散布等 vi. 伸展，延伸；蔓延，传染； 传开 ① He spread a blanket on the bed. ② The radio spread the news as soon as it happened. ③ She spread her toys all over the room. ① The forest spreads from here to the river. ② In twenty years the city has spread quickly to the north. ③ The fire spread from the factory to the houses nearby.
take on 开始具有，呈现，获得 雇用，接受（从事），让上车 Her face took on an angry look. After the students put up Christmas decorations, the classroom took on a holiday appearance. The factory has opened and it is beginning to take on new workers. He takes on additional work in the evenings. The bus took on some more passengers.
nowhere 置于句首是为了强调，这时 句子多用倒装。如果 nowhere 不置于 句首，则句子不倒装。 Nowhere else can you enjoy such beautiful music. Nowhere is there a place for him to settle down. My watch is nowhere to be found. The old lady went nowhere, just stayed at home.
具有否定意义并放到句首形成倒装句 的词除副词 nowhere 外，还有 seldom, hardly, never, little, not only…but also, no sooner…than 等。 ① Only then did I realize that I was wrong. ② Seldom does he take part in the conversation. ③ Never in my life have I heard of such a funny story.
He ran across to the opposite side of the street. Bill and Mary had opposite ideas about the weather. He smiled and sat down opposite to her. His political position is opposite to ours. The house opposite ours was burnt down last week. The bus stopped just opposite the post office.
fall into ruins=become ruins
cover an area of… = have an area of … 占／有 … 的面积 China has/covers an area of about 9,600,000 square kilometres.
as well as ＝ besides 除 … 之外还 As well as English,they studied French and Russia as their majors.
others (which are) of less importance ＝ other buildings which were less important
include vt. 包括（有时有较活译法） ① You'll find that the plan includes most of your suggestions. ② The Chinese nation includes than 50 national minorities besides the Hans. ③ Everyone here took part in the fight against the flood, including old people. ④ Everybody had something to say, me included.
up until=up to=until 一直到 …… 为止 He lived in Beijing up until Up until now they have met only once.
in a … state 或 in a state of … 处于 … 状态中 The house was in a dirty state. He is in a good state of mind. 他心情舒畅。 At that time, the whole country was in a state of war.
where, when, if,though 等引起的从句， 有时可以简化，只保留从句中必要的 成分，特别当主谓语是 it is/was 时。 He made some marks in the article where (it is ) necessary to do so. Let’s practise speaking English when and where (it is) possible.