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Supply Chain Management (SCM). Definisi SCM SCM adalah koordinasi aliran bahan baku / material, informasi dan keuangan antar entitas yang berpartisipasi.

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Presentation on theme: "Supply Chain Management (SCM). Definisi SCM SCM adalah koordinasi aliran bahan baku / material, informasi dan keuangan antar entitas yang berpartisipasi."— Presentation transcript:

1 Supply Chain Management (SCM)

2 Definisi SCM SCM adalah koordinasi aliran bahan baku / material, informasi dan keuangan antar entitas yang berpartisipasi dalam transaksi bisnis –Aliran material : aliran produk secara fisik dari pemasok ke pelanggan, termasuk di dalamnya pengembalian produk (retur), layanan (services), pengolahan ulang (recycling) dan pembuangan (disposal) –Aliran informasi : meliputi ramalan permintaan, transmisi pembelian dan laporan status pengiriman barang –Aliran Keuangan : meliputi informasi kartu kredit, syarat kredit, jadwal pembayaran.

3 Elemen Supply Chain Planning

4 Model Supply Chain Manufacturer Financial / marketing–driven forcast Master Scheduling Replenishment based on distribution center inventory (preset safety stock level) Manual purchase order and invoicing Retail Distribution Center Order point based on warehouse inventory (safety stock level) and historical forecast Deals, promotions and forward buying Manual purchase orders, information entry and output Retail Store Order point based on shelf inventory (safety stock level) and forecasts Promotions Manual entry of items to be ordered Customer Purchase Merchandise Manufacturer Demand driven forcast based on POS data and product movement Short cycle manufacturing Advanced shipping notice and EDI services Bar code scanners and UPC ticketing Retail Distribution Center Automatic replenishment Shipping container marking Cross–dock receiving EDI services Retail Store POS data collection Perpetual inventory checks Automatic replenishment using EDI services Customer Purchase Merchandise Push–Based Supply ChainPull–Based Supply Chain

5 Proses Supply Chain Supply Chain Execution Product Flows Product Flows Product Flows Product Flows Product Flows Product Flows Product Flows Product Flows Supply Chain Planning SupplierManufacturingDistributionRetailerConsumer Payment Flows Information Flows

6 Store Strategi Supply Chain Customer Current Retailer Manufacturer Supplier Enterprise Focus (Nabisco) Store Web Customer Near Term Retailer Manufacturer Supplier Partner Focus (P&G) Collaborative Systems The Web Customer Emerging Manufacturer Supplier Direct Focus (Dell) Virtual Fulfillment Shared Market Data

7 Arsitektur eSupply Chain Advanced Scheduling Transportation Planning Distribution Planning Order Commitment Demand Planning Manufacturing Plan Integrated Supply Chain Applications Schedule Commit Deliver Make Complete Order Life Cycle Partial Functional Solutions Complete Integrated Solution Cross – Functional Processes Breaking Down Enterprise Walls

8 Aplikasi Piranti Lunak SCM Major Functional AreasSet of Key Activities in Each Functional Areas ManufacturingEngineering and product configuration, production planning and cost management, production execution and quality management LogisticsPurchasing and order management, distribution, inventory and warehousing FinancialsGeneral ledger, payables and receivables, billing, budgets and asset management MarketingAdvertising, sales, order management, customer service and support and market research and strategy HRMSPayroll management, time and labor management, benefits administration and pension administration


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