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TWENTIETH CENTURY: GERMANY Unit 11. GERMAN WORD MEANING “LIVING SPACE.” THE NAZIS CLAIMED THE GERMAN PEOPLE DESERVED MORE ROOM TO EXPAND AND USED THIS.

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Presentation on theme: "TWENTIETH CENTURY: GERMANY Unit 11. GERMAN WORD MEANING “LIVING SPACE.” THE NAZIS CLAIMED THE GERMAN PEOPLE DESERVED MORE ROOM TO EXPAND AND USED THIS."— Presentation transcript:

1 TWENTIETH CENTURY: GERMANY Unit 11

2 GERMAN WORD MEANING “LIVING SPACE.” THE NAZIS CLAIMED THE GERMAN PEOPLE DESERVED MORE ROOM TO EXPAND AND USED THIS AS A JUSTIFICATION FOR INVADING NEIGHBORING NATIONS Define the term “Lebensraum.” #1 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

3 AFTER QUICKLY DEFEATING MOST OF WESTERN EUROPE, THE NAZIS LAUNCHED AN AERIAL ATTACK AGAINST GREAT BRITAIN IN BELIEVING THAT THE BOMBING RAIDS WOULD FORCE ENGLAND'S SURRENDER, THE RAIDS, TARGETING BOTH MILITARY AND CIVILIAN TARGETS, LASTED UNTIL THE BRITISH ARMY WITHSTOOD THE BRUTAL LUFTWAFFE ASSAULT, AND HITLER SHELVED HIS PLAN FOR THE INVASION OF BRITAIN. What is the Battle of Britain? #2 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

4 IN 1923 THE NAZIS ATTEMPTED TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT IN MUNICH. IT WAS A TOTAL FAILURE, AND HITLER RECEIVED A BRIEF PRISON SENTENCE DURING WHICH TIME HE WROTE MEIN KAMPF. Define the term “Beer Hall Putsch” #3 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

5 ON JUNE 6, 1944, U.S., CANADIAN, AND BRITISH FORCES INVADED GERMANY HELD FRANCE AT NORMANDY. IT WAS A DECISIVE ALLIED VICTORY. Give significance to the term “D-Day” #4 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

6 POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC MOVEMENT THAT EMPHASIZES NATIONALISM AND MILITARISM WITH A STATE-CONTROLLED ECONOMY. FASCISM WAS LINKED TO POLITICAL PARTIES THAT CONTROLLED GERMANY AND ITALY BEFORE AND DURING WORLD WAR II. PERSONAL RIGHTS ARE LIMITED AND OBEDIENCE TO THE STATE IS PARAMOUNT. What is Fascism? #5 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

7 FASCIST LEADER OF ITALY FROM ORIGINALLY A SOCIALIST, HE WAS AN EARLY MEMBER OF THE BLACK SHIRTS, ITALY’S FASCIST PARTY. HE LED THE OVERTHROW OF THE ITALIAN GOVERNMENT IN 1922 AND LED ITALY THROUGH WORLD WAR II. HE WAS ASSASSINATED IN Who was Benito Mussolini? #6 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

8 “NIGHT OF BROKEN GLASS,” OCCURRING IN NOVEMBER THIS MARKED THE BEGINNING OF OVERLY VIOLENT NAZI ATTACKS AGAINST THE JEWISH POPULATION IN GERMANY. Define the term “Kristallnacht” #7 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

9 THE PHRASE USED BY THE NAZIS FOR THEIR GOAL OF EXTERMINATING ALL THE JEWS OF EUROPE. AN ESTIMATED 6 OF THE 11 MILLION EUROPEAN JEWS WERE MURDERED. What was the “Final Solution?” #8 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

10 AFTER WORLD WAR II, THE VICTORIOUS ALLIES CONVENED A MULTINATIONAL JUDICIAL PANEL TO TRY NAZIS ACCUSED OF CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY. HELD IN NUREMBERG, GERMANY, THE TRIALS LASTED FROM THE HIGHEST- RANKING NAZI TRIED WAS HERMANN GORING, WHO COMMITTED SUICIDE BEFORE HIS DEATH SENTENCE COULD BE CARRIED OUT. What were the “Nuremberg Trials?” #9 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

11 CHURCHILL ( )HELD NUMEROUS GOVERNMENT OFFICES, BUT IS MOST FAMOUS FOR HIS SERVICE AS PRIME MINISTER FROM AND HIS STIRRING SPEECHES AND REFUSAL TO SURRENDER DURING THE DARKEST DAYS OF WWII INSPIRED THE FREE WORLD. HE ADVOCATED STRENGTHENING TIES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND BRITAIN. Who is Winston Churchill? #10 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

12 LED THE FRENCH ARMY AT VERDUN AND EVENTUALLY BECAME COMMANDER OF THE FRENCH ARMIES. HE SERVED AS PRIME MINISTER IN WHEN GERMAN FORCES DEFEATED FRANCE, HE TOOK CONTROL OF VICHY AREA IN BECAUSE OF HIS COOPERATION WITH THE NAZIS, HE WAS ARRESTED AND IMPRISONED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN Who was Henri Petain? #11 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

13 AFTER THE MASSIVE DESTRUCTION IN EUROPE FOLLOWING WWII, THE UNITED STATES PROPOSED AN ECONOMIC PLAN IN 1947 TO HELP RESTORE THE REGION. AID WAS PROVIDED TO ANY EUROPEAN NATION THAT PROMISED COOPERATION (SOVIET-BLOC NATIONS DID NOT PARTICIPATE.) THE PLAN WAS VERY SUCCESSFUL. What was the Marshall Plan? #12 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

14 THE WARSAW PACT WAS ESSENTIALLY THE RESPONSE OF THE USSR TO THE CREATION OF NATO. THE PACT BEGAN IN 1955, WITH EUROPEAN COMMUNIST NATIONS PLEDGING MUTUAL MILITARY SUPPORT TO ONE ANOTHER. IT ENDED WITH THE COLLAPSE OF THE USSR IN What was the Warsaw Pact? #13 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

15 THE POLICY, BEGUN IN 1947, THAT THE UNITED STATES WOULD NOT CHALLENGE EXISTING COMMUNIST NATIONS’ RIGHT TO EXIST, BUT WOULD ACTIVELY AND MILITARILY OPPOSE ANY FURTHER EXPANSION OF COMMUNIST. THIS POLICY OF CONTAINMENT WAS FOLLOWED FOR DECADES. What was the Truman Doctrine? #14 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

16 TYPE OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE STATE IS IN ALMOST COMPLETE CONTROL OF ITS CITIZENS’ LIVES. INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS ARE VIRTUALLY NONEXISTENT; THE WELFARE OF THE STATE IS ALL-IMPORTANT. STALIN AND HITLER ARE CONSIDERED TOTALITARIAN RULES. Define the term “Totalitarianism” #15 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

17 IN 1945, STALIN, CHURCHILL, AND FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT MET TO DISCUSS POSTWAR ISSUES. STALIN WAS THE WINNER, GAINING A PRO- SOVIET GOVERNMENT IN CHARGE OF POLAND, THE DIVISION OF GERMANY, AND TERRITORY CONCESSIONS IN ASIA AS WELL. What was the “Yalta Conference?” #16 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

18 THE PHRASE, COINED BY WINSTON CHURCHILL, IN A 1946 SPEECH, REFERRED TO THE DANGERS OF THE INCREASING SOVIET CONTROL AND DOMINATION OF EASTERN EUROPE. What does the term “Iron Curtain” refer to? #17 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

19 DURING WWII, ALLIED LEADERS DECIDED TO ESTABLISH AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION DEVOTED TO PROMOTING PEACE. THE UNITED NATION WAS FORMALLY ESTABLISH IN What does the term “United Nations” refer to? #18 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

20 THE TERM MEANS “BURNT OFFERING” AND REFERS TO THE NAZI EFFORT ( ) TO EXTERMINATE THE JEWS IN EUROPE. OF THE 11 MILLION EUROPEAN JEWS, 6 MILLION WERE MURDERED. What was the Holocaust? #19 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

21 AFTER WWII, BERLIN WAS DIVIDED INTO EASTERN AND WESTERN SECTORS, WITH THE USSR CONTROLLING THE EAST AND BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND THE UNITED STATES CONTROLLING THE WEST. FROM , THE SOVIETS USED A BLOCKADE AGAINST WEST BERLIN. HOWEVER, WESTERN NATIONS USED AIRPLANES TO SUPPLE WEST BERLIN, AND USSR EVENTUALLY CEASED THE BLOCKADE. What does the “Berlin Airlift” refer to? #20 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

22 IN 1936 THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR BEGAN, FRANCO LED THE FASCISTS, FIGHTING REPUBLICAN FORCES. IN 1939, THE FASCIST FORCES WON (WITH HELP FROM ITALY AND GERMANY). FRANCO RULED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN Who was General Francisco Franco? #21 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

23 IN LATE 1937, JAPAN DEFEATED THE CHINESE CITY OF NANKING. CHINESE CIVILIANS WERE BRUTALIZED, AND THOUSANDS WERE KILLED. THE EVENT SHOCKED WESTERN POWERS AND CONTRIBUTED TO SANCTION AGAINST JAPAN. What was the Rape of Nanking? #22 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

24 FORCED LABOR CAMPS SET UP BY STALIN IN EASTERN RUSSIA. DISSIDENTS WERE SENT TO THE CAMPS, WHERE CONDITION WERE GENERALLY BRUTAL. MILLIONS DIED. Define the term “Gulags” #23 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

25 STALIN’S ATTEMPT TO RAPIDLY MODERNIZE RUSSIA'S INDUSTRIAL CAPACITY BEGAN IN 1928, WITH THE COLLECTIVIZATION OF FARMS AS A PART OF THE PROCESS. RUSSIA’S HEAVY INDUSTRIAL CAPACITY DID INCREASE, BUT THE COLLECTIVIZATION CAUSED MASSIVE UNREST AND VIOLENCE. THE SECOND FIVE YEAR PLAN BEGAN IN What was the Five Year Plan? #24 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

26 ONE OF SEVERAL IMPORTANT PHYSICIST OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY WHOSE WORK LED TO THE SPLITTING OF THE ATOM. HE ALSO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE MANHATTAN PROJECT (DEVELOPED OF THE ATOMIC BOMB). Who was Enrico Fermi? #25 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

27 NAZI PARAMILITARY GROUPS (ALSO CALLED EGS) THAT OPERATED IN EASTERN EUROPE. THEIR GOAL WAS THE MURDER OF JEWS, COMMUNISTS, AND OTHERS WHO OPPOSED GERMANY. MILLIONS WERE MURDERED. Define the term “Einsatzgruppen” #26 SHOWNEXT MARK FOR REVIEW Review

28 The End REVIEWEND


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