Presentation on theme: " Why Jews don’t believe in Jesus Dr. Richard Elofer."— Presentation transcript:
Why Jews don’t believe in Jesus Dr. Richard Elofer
Israel and Church History Before the destruction of Jerusalem(30-70) A Jewish Church Before the Second War against Rome (70-135) A Church half Jewish half Gentile From Rabbi Akiba to Constantin (135-313) A church more and more Gentile which reject her Jewish origin and become progressively more anti-Jewish. (Marcion Influence)
Israel and Church History After Constantin (313-…) The Church is openly anti-Jewish The Church changed the teaching of the Bible Replacement Theology Sunday replaced Sabbath Church replaced Israel New Testament replaced Old Testament
An Anti-Semitic History Israel, Witness to Christ through her suffering Conversion by force crusades Pogroms Persecutions and Inquisition
Jewish Expulsions 1 1165 The Almohades ask Jews from Fez (Morrocco) to convert to Islam or to die 1182 Expulsion from kingdom of France ( Philippe-Auguste). 1290 Expulsion from England (Eduard 1st). 1306 Expulsion from France (Philippe le Bel) 1349 Strasbourg becomes a free city and 2,000 Jews are burnt
Jewish Expulsions 2 1380 Expulsion from the free city of Ulm (Germany). 1388 Expulsion from the free city of Strasbourg 1391 300 Jews are murdered in Palma de Majorque, others escape to North Africa. 1394 Last Jews are expulsed from France by Charles VI
Expulsions In 1490’s 1492 Expulsion from Spain 1493 Expulsion from Arles (Provence). 1493 Expulsion from Sicilia et Sardaigne (Aragon) 1494 Expulsion from Florence.
Expulsions In 1490’s 1494 First Expulsion from Portugal 1495 Expulsion 10 000 to 30 000 Jews from Lituania 1496 Expulsion of 20 000 Jews from Portugal. 1496 Expulsion from Tarascon.
Expulsions in the 16 th Century 1501 Expulsion of the last Jews from Provence (Charles XII.) 1510 Expulsion from Naples. 1519 Expulsion from Ratisbonne. 1541 Charles Quint ordonne expulsion from spanish territories in Italy.
Expulsions in the 16 th siècle 1551 Expulsion from Wu ̈ rttemberg. 1555 Expulsion from Bavaria. 1555, Pope Paul IV gather all the Jews in a ghetto in Rome. 1573 Expulsion from Brandebourg. 1590 Expulsion from Brunswick.
Jesus in this context? Persecutions. Adoption of customs and pagan practices Impossible for Jews to recognize Jesus.
Anti Missionary organizations Theologians and Rabbis start to build a new theology Modern anti-missionaries are organized Yad Leachim in Israel Jews for Judaism in USA Etc…
Jesus Did Not Fulfill the Messianic Prophecies The Messiah must built the third Temple (Ez. 37 :26-28). He must gather the exiles in Israel (Es. 43 : 5-6). He must spread the knowledge of God in the world, the consequence will be the unification of the world. (Zec. 14 : 9). He must introduce a era of peace for the world where there will be no more suffering or death. (Es. 2 : 4). If one of these conditions is missing he cannot be the Messiah.
Jesus Did Not Embody the Personal Qualifications of Messiah He must be a great prophet like Moses. (Is. 11 : 2). He must be a direct descendent of King David (Gen 49:10, Is. 11:1…). He must keep the Torah and teach others to keep it. (Deut. 13 : 1-4).
Christian Interpretation of the Bible is based on mistakes Biblical verses can only be understood by studying the original Hebrew text ― which reveals many discrepancies in the Christian translation. Is 7:14 is not about a virgin but a young women. Is 53 does not refer to an individual but to Israel who is the suffering servant of God. (Is 43 : 8) …
A necessary preparation It is very important that our members will be prepared for a possible discussion with Jews who have study their Bible or have been trained by anti missionaries organizations. A reading of the Jewish literature will help us to understand their arguments and to be prepared.