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PRINCIPAL PARTS of VERBS. Verbs: Four Principal Parts 2  All verbs have FOUR basic forms called principal parts  Base or present form, also called the.

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Presentation on theme: "PRINCIPAL PARTS of VERBS. Verbs: Four Principal Parts 2  All verbs have FOUR basic forms called principal parts  Base or present form, also called the."— Presentation transcript:

1 PRINCIPAL PARTS of VERBS

2 Verbs: Four Principal Parts 2  All verbs have FOUR basic forms called principal parts  Base or present form, also called the infinitive  Present participle  Past  Past participle  Regular verbs form…  the present participle by adding -ing to the base form  the past form by adding –ed or –d to the base form  the past participle by placing the helping verb has or have with the past form

3 Examples of Regular Verbs Humanities 3 NPresent participlePastPast Participle WalkWalkingWalkedHas/have walked BlameBlamingBlamedHas/have blamed NapNappingNappedHas/have napped BurnBurningBurned (also burnt)Has/have burned (also burnt)

4 Common Errors: Nonstandard Use Humanities 4  INCORRECT: I use to live in New York.  CORRECT: I used to live in New York  INCORRECT: Are you suppose to meet with her today?  CORRECT: Are you supposed to meet with her today?  INCORRECT: I could/would/should of finished my work on time.  CORRECT: : I could/would/should have finished my work on time.

5 The Trouble with English… Humanities 5  Irregular verbs are ones that form their past or their past participle forms in some way OTHER THAN adding –d or –ed to the base form.  Consonant change  Vowel change  Vowel AND consonant change  No change

6 Examples: Irregular Verbs Humanities 6 Base/presentPastPast participle Consonant changeBend Build Bent Built Has/have bent Has/have built Vowel changeSingSangHas/have sung Vowel and consonant change Catch Go Fly Caught Went Flew Has/have caught Has/have gone Has/have flown No changeSet Has/have set

7 Six Troublesome Verbs Humanities 7 Base/presentPresent participle PastPast participle Lie (to rest or recline) LyingLayHas/have lain Lay (to put something in its place) LayingLaidHas/have laid SitSittingSatHas/have sat Set (to put something in its place) SettingSetHas/have set Rise (to get up, to go up) RisingRoseHas/have risen Raise (to lift or to cause something to rise) RaisingRaisedHas/have raised


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