Presentation on theme: "PRINCIPAL PARTS of VERBS. Verbs: Four Principal Parts 2 All verbs have FOUR basic forms called principal parts Base or present form, also called the."— Presentation transcript:
PRINCIPAL PARTS of VERBS
Verbs: Four Principal Parts 2 All verbs have FOUR basic forms called principal parts Base or present form, also called the infinitive Present participle Past Past participle Regular verbs form… the present participle by adding -ing to the base form the past form by adding –ed or –d to the base form the past participle by placing the helping verb has or have with the past form
Common Errors: Nonstandard Use Humanities 4 INCORRECT: I use to live in New York. CORRECT: I used to live in New York INCORRECT: Are you suppose to meet with her today? CORRECT: Are you supposed to meet with her today? INCORRECT: I could/would/should of finished my work on time. CORRECT: : I could/would/should have finished my work on time.
The Trouble with English… Humanities 5 Irregular verbs are ones that form their past or their past participle forms in some way OTHER THAN adding –d or –ed to the base form. Consonant change Vowel change Vowel AND consonant change No change
Examples: Irregular Verbs Humanities 6 Base/presentPastPast participle Consonant changeBend Build Bent Built Has/have bent Has/have built Vowel changeSingSangHas/have sung Vowel and consonant change Catch Go Fly Caught Went Flew Has/have caught Has/have gone Has/have flown No changeSet Has/have set
Six Troublesome Verbs Humanities 7 Base/presentPresent participle PastPast participle Lie (to rest or recline) LyingLayHas/have lain Lay (to put something in its place) LayingLaidHas/have laid SitSittingSatHas/have sat Set (to put something in its place) SettingSetHas/have set Rise (to get up, to go up) RisingRoseHas/have risen Raise (to lift or to cause something to rise) RaisingRaisedHas/have raised