4 Four Noble Truths Universality of suffering Suffering Caused by Selfish DesireCessation of desire = cessation of sufferingDesire overcome by following the Noble 8-Fold Path
5 Noble Eight-fold Path Right Knowledge Right Aspiration Right Speech Right BehaviorRight LivelihoodRight EffortRight MindfulnessRight Concentration
6 Universal Interdependence Interdependent Co-Arising / Mutual Codependence(pratiyasamutpada)Jewel Net of Indra – Vast interpenetration
7 Compassion“In the long course of rebirth there is not one among living beings who has not been mother, father, brother, sister, son, or daughter. Being connected with the process of taking birth, one is kind to all wild and domestic animals, birds, and all beings born from the womb.”--Lankavatara SutraJataka Tales – The Past Lives of the Buddha
8 Bodhisattva “With a wish to free all beings I shall always go for refugeTo the Buddha, Dharma and Sangha,Until I reach full enlightenment.As long as space remains,As long as sentient beings remain,Until then, may I too remainAnd dispel the miseries of the world.”--Bodhisattva vow, as administered by the Dalai Lama
10 Ashoka / Mauryan Empire / 3rd Cent BCE “Twenty-six years after my coronation various animals were declared to be protected -- parrots, mainas, ruddy geese, wild ducks, bats, queen ants, terrapins, boneless fish, fish, tortoises, porcupines, squirrels, deer, bulls, wild asses, wild pigeons, domestic pigeons and all four-footed creatures that are neither useful nor edible. Those nanny goats, ewes and sows which are with young or giving milk to their young are protected, and so are young ones less than six months old. Cocks are not to be castrated, husks hiding living beings are not to be burnt, and forests are not to be burnt either without reason or to kill creatures. One animal is not to be fed to another.”--Edict 5, Pillar Edicts ofEmperor Ashoka
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