Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION Q.WHAT IS TOBACCO IN SIMPLE TERM ? IT IS A PLANT,THE LEAVES OF WHICH ARE USED TO MAKE VARIOUS SMOKING AND SMOKLESS TOBACCO PRODUCTS. SMOKING."— Presentation transcript:
INTRODUCTION Q.WHAT IS TOBACCO IN SIMPLE TERM ? IT IS A PLANT,THE LEAVES OF WHICH ARE USED TO MAKE VARIOUS SMOKING AND SMOKLESS TOBACCO PRODUCTS. SMOKING products : bidis,churote,hookhas SMOKELESS products: gutkha,khaini,pan masala
Tobacco is becoming one of the single leading causes of death in the world. It kills 50% of its users.Tobacco is becoming one of the single leading causes of death in the world. It kills 50% of its users. About 20% of every smoker, children smoked their first whole cigarette before the age of 10 in South East Asia (SEA) region. 80%of the current smokers started smoking before they turned 18. Every day 80,000 to100,000 young people worldwide become addicted to tobacco. If this pattern continues,a lifetime of tobacco use will result in the death of 250 million children and young people alive today.
POISONOUS INGREDIENTS IN TOBACCO Q. What are the toxic constituents in tobacco? Ans: Nicotine (addictive substance), carcinogens (cancer producing chemicals) Processed tobacco contains at least 2,500 chemicals. Tobacco smoke has more than 4,000 toxic chemicals including 43 known carcinogens.
TOXIC CONSTITUENTS NICOTINE Addictive substance It raises heart rate and blood pressure. Narrows blood vessels,thereby making heart work harder and reduce blood flow to body’s organ Nicotine is poisonous in concentrated amount but still Nicotine is used. (any guess,why?) Ans : as indeed to make poison, it is found in insecticides and pesticides.
CARBON MONOXIDE Highly poisonous gas that is emitted from burnt tobacco. It reduces O 2- carrying capacity of RBC, thereby reducing the supply of oxygen to important organs. Thus makes heart beat faster. Another source of carbon monoxide is automobile exhaust.
TAR Tobacco tar is a resin like condensate of smoke arising from burnt tobacco. Smoking deposits tar from burnt tobacco. USES The sticky black substance is often used for building roads.
OTHER POSIONS IN TOBACCO AND TOBACCO SMOKE ARSENIC-also found in white ant poison. ACETONE-found in paint and nail polish remover AMMONIA-found in floor cleaner. DDT (Dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane)- insecticides. BUTANE- found in gas lighter fuel. PHENOL-found in paints. HYDROGEN CYANIDE- gas chamber. RADIO ACTIVE COMPOUNDS-nuclear weapons.
Harmful chemicals Arsenic/DDT In insecticides Acetone/Phenol In paints Ammonia In floor cleanser
Harmful chemicals Napthalene In mothballs Hydrogen Cyanide In Gas chambers Cadmium In car batteries
Harmful chemicals Menthol In anaesthetics Radioactive In nuclear weapons substances Formaldehyde In dead body Preservatives
Harmful chemicals Lime Coal tar Carcinogens
QUESTIONS 1.Nicotine is present in which products other than tobacco? a)Insecticides b)Car batteries c)Car exhaust Ans : Insecticides 2.This is used to preserve dead bodies in biology labs ? a)Arsenic b)Formaldehyde c)Water Ans : Formaldehyde (in chewing tobacco)
QUESTIONS 3. Tar is a component of a)Mortar b)Paint c)Coal tar Ans : Coal tar 4. This ingredient is found in materials used to build houses and side walks? a)Lime b)Lead c)Side walk Ans :lime (in chewing tobacco)
QUESTION 5.This chemical can lead to brain damage. Lead Nitrogen Oxygen Ans : lead