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Www.landgate.wa.gov.au Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Development of FireWatch-Indonesia - Lessons from Australia Dr Richard Smith and Mr.

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1 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Development of FireWatch-Indonesia - Lessons from Australia Dr Richard Smith and Mr Ken Dawbin Satellite Remote Sensing Services Landgate Leeuwin Centre for Earth Sensing Technologies Government of Western Australia Support of AusAid, MoF, MoE and LAPAN is gratefully acknowledged

2 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate What is LANDGATE? WA Government’s Land Information Authority (1000 staff) with four main roles 1.Manage transfer of land ownership 2.Valuation of land for local taxation 3.Mapping and Survey of Land for 1) and 2) 4.Satellite remote sensing for land management 30 staff with 8 PhDs Run two satellite receiving stations Routinely processes 25Gbytes data per day from over seven satellites AusAid work with MoF, MoE, LAPAN and Vietnam

3 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Lessons Learnt from FireWatch Must be driven by end-user needs Build using own skills – training important Multiple satellites and other spatial data Access to the Super Highway for the core node Automated end-to-end to system Appropriate delivery technology to end-users Collaboration is important at all stages

4 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Fire frequency , AVHRR FireWatch developed to manage burning of Tropical Savannas in Northern Australia

5 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch Mapping the cumulative burnt area across Australia (please click image for animation) FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage Using the archive of historic information

6 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Tropical Rainforests of the World – from 16% to 6% in the 20 th Century Protecting Indonesia’s Rainforest is a big challenge

7 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Reception of Satellite Data Across Australia – 7 satellites, 6 stations That which gets Measured gets Managed Use of real- time satellite data is vital About 20 overpasses per day

8 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Satellite Image Reception Products Access to Satellite Data received across Australia requires Collaboration Collaborators: BOM; CSIRO; Geoscience Australia; Curtin University; Murdoch University, Also NT, Qld, WA Government Agencies and NASA

9 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Landgate’s Satellite Remote Sensing Services 1.Wild fires detection and burnt area mapping - FireWatch 2.Change in forest cover to detect illegal clearing - Land monitor 3.Flood mapping and forecast - Floodmap 4.Drought and food security monitoring - Vegetation Watch 5.Intensive grazing management - Pastures from Space 6.Precision agriculture - AgImage 7.Ocean currents for fishermen - Fishing Hot Spots Specialists in the near real-time processing and delivery of satellite information for:

10 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage FireWatch Website Current Active Fires Automatic processing of satellite imagery and delivery to web site 24 x 7. Automatic delivery includes: Fax SMS FTP KML, WMS and WMF services also available : Many layers of information

11 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage View MODIS or NOAA scene acquisition information Allow downloads of TIF and SHP files for GIS use via the blue download arrows/icons

12 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage View MODIS Overpass Expand current MODIS data

13 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage Zoom in on scene and display other integrated datasets

14 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage View Fire History Data

15 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage Fire scars evident in MODIS imagery

16 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage Automatic Fire Burnt Area Mapping from MODIS

17 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate The fire front can be seen from the hotspots and the area burnt over the previous week FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage FireWatch Fire hotspots and burnt area maps of Australia for Emergency Management Fire hotspots can be seen over the latest satellite image

18 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage FireWatch Fire hotspots and burnt area maps of Australia for Emergency Management Fire hotspots can be seen over the latest satellite image

19 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch Near Real Time Satellite Images for Burnt Area, Smoke and Cloud Identification Image Date: 6th October 2004 FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

20 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Image Date: 6th October 2004 FireWatch Near Real Time Satellite Images for Burnt Area, Smoke and Cloud Identification FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

21 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch Smoke from fires can be tracked and mapped Perth 19th January km FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

22 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate 02/02/04 FireWatch Lightning Strike Information, updated every 10 minutes aids fire managers FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

23 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Lightning Strikes: 1 November 2005 FireWatch Lightning Strike Information, updated every 10 minutes aids fire managers Fire Hotspots mapped over the following 2 days FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

24 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch Mapping the burnt area automatically - (please click on image below for animation) This fire moved north parallel to the Stewart Highway in the NT. A back-burn was performed to stop the fire spreading north and was successful. Eventually the movement of the fire to the East was stopped by a fire break in the North-South direction. FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

25 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch Mapping active fires and burnt area automatically North Western Australia 2005 – using MODIS Imagery FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

26 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate How much data being handled? Seven satellites NOAA15/16/17/18, Terra, Aqua, MTSAT-1R processed in NRT each day 18GB/day of MODIS + 6GB AVHRR (24 GB/day) transferred each day through Aarnet. Aarnet bandwidth 100MBits/s limited by firewall, potential much higher FireWatch 5GB/month, all services 9GB/month delivered to clients daily To provide MODIS from Darwin to LAPAN or MoF for processing - 6GB/day

27 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Amount of Satellite Data Processed each year Aarnet New Satellites Automation Faster Computers User demand More products

28 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Number of Satellite Products Produced

29 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Access and Delivery Customers – All Products

30 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Internet Delivery of Products and Services All products shown are available on-line from Landgate with same interface Landgate Farm Channel FireWatch Pastures from Space Aid for Rural Valuation Land Monitor AgImage FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | Internet Delivery

31 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Delivering other information using FireWatch Technology Land cover change – illegal clearing?

32 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Result of Bandwidth Asian Pacific Advanced Network – available for FireWatch Indonesia

33 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Appropriate Delivery Technology From the Nodes to End-Users Fax Other web sites (FTP, WMS, WFM, KML) SMS Indosat 3.5G Broadband 18Mbs for new and novel delivery systems

34 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate 1.Impact of FireWatch on Fire management in Tropical Savannas? Quite simply FireWatch has totally transformed operational fire management across the northern Australia 2.What has been the significance of the on-line delivery to end users who make the critical management decisions ? Availability of reliable, timely mapping data from satellite has transformed our operations. Assessment of FireWatch by Dr Jeremy Russell-Smith, Northern Territory:

35 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate 3.Future of FireWatch for Carbon Accounting? Enormous, given that burning of savannas is an accountable activity under the Kyoto Protocol. Equally significant to the fire-prone savanna landscapes in Indonesia, especially where vulnerable small forest patches are embedded in the savanna matrix 4. Future developments of FireWatch ? Building on Western Arnhem Land Fire Abatement (WALFA) project, especially in eastern Indonesia and Papua. $1million pa for 17 years will be payed to WALFA by Conoco- Philips for its oil refining in Darwin. Questions to Dr Jeremy Russell-Smith, Northern Territory:

36 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Summary of Lessons Learnt Landgate FireWatch – a good model for FWI Build using own skills – Training vital at all levels Must be driven by end-user needs Multiple satellites and other spatial data Automated end-to-end to system Access to the Super Highway for the core nodes (LAPAN, MoF and MoE for fire data) Appropriate delivery to end-users (eg. Indosat 3.5G) Collaboration is important at all stages

37 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Development of FireWatch-Indonesia - Lessons from Australia Thank You Any questions? Dr Richard Smith and Mr Ken Dawbin Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Government of Western Australia Support of AusAid, MoF, MoE and LAPAN is gratefully acknowledged

38 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate WAFMA area 28,000 km2

39 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Emissions abatement opportunities from savanna burning Kyoto Protocol—Prescribed burning of savannas a listed accountable activity in the Agriculture sector reported in Australia’s NGGI – annually ~2-4% of Australia’s GHG emissions includes all fire emissions from tropical savannas and temperate grasslands – assumes all fires anthropogenic currently only CH 4, N 2 O accounted for, but other GHG gases to be included in future (CO, VOCs, NOx) economic opportunity – does not involve C property rights (e.g. C sequestration in plantations), but accounts for abatement of GHG emissions from savanna fires relative to baselines

40 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Metcalfe’s law of the Internet [1]:[1] Benefit = (No. Users) 2 x βwidth [1][1] Metcalfe’s law extended in this proposal to include bandwidth β width Outcomes achieved through use of Internet and associated ICT

41 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate

42 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Access and Delivery Customers – FireWatch products

43 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage MODIS Greenness Imagery

44 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate VegetationWatch Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia Continental Scale FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

45 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate VegetationWatch Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia Continental Scale Farm Scale FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

46 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate VegetationWatch Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia Continental Scale Farm Scale Paddock Scale FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

47 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate VegetationWatch Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia The Agricultural area in the South-West of Western Australia can be seen changing in green vegetation cover during the season, as crops and pastures respond to rainfall. FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

48 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Internet Delivery of Products and Services All products shown are available on-line from Landgate Google Earth Integration FireWatch Data FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | Internet Delivery

49 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch Website Public Access and Secure Access Login Required FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

50 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch Website Subscriber Login FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

51 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage At Regional Level

52 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage At Paddock Level

53 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage Time Series Querying at the MODIS pixel level since 2003 over the whole of Australia.

54 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate WASTAC - Collaboration Western Australian Satellite Technology and Applications Consortium –Landgate (WA Government) –Bureau of Meteorology –Geoscience Australia –CSIRO –Curtin University of Technology –Murdoch University

55 Satellite Remote Sensing Services, Landgate Future of ICT Many believe that ICT revolution is over, others that the last 20 year was a warm up The real revolution is about to begin as the complementarities begin to work together ICT will transform every aspect of business, life and society From: CSIRO Solve 11, May 2007


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