USED WHEN THE SUBJECT AND OBJECT ARE THE SAME THING OR PERSON! QUICK! THE BABY’S BURNT HERSELF! QUICK! THE BABY’S BURNT HER!INCORRECT STATEMENT IF THE SUBJECT AND OBJECT ARE THE SAME PERSON.
They replace the object when object = subject Rajan saw himself in the mirror. The silvas bought themselves a new car. Jenny is always speaking to herself. Rajan saw Rajan in the mirror. The Silvas bought the Silvas a new car. Jenny is always speaking to Jenny.
Emphatic: reforce the subject or the object. Clarisse herself wrote that letter. Position in the sentence varies Clarisse wrote that letter herself. Emphasizing the subject
By + pronoun I painted the house (all) by myself. I painted the house by myself. No difference!
Exercises The cook used that rusty knife. The cook himself used that rusty knife. The cook used that rusty knife himself. I finished my homework without any help. I finished my homework by myself. I myself finished my homework.
NOTE Rangel treated him to an ice cream. (him=sm else) Rangel treated himself to na ice cream. (himself=Rangel) Rangel woke up confused and looked around him. (him=Rangel) Rangel was upset. Levi was really annoyed with him. (him= Rangel) Rangel was upset. Levi was really annoyed with himself. (himself=Levi)
Both can be used after: as (for), like, but (for), and except (for) Miguel made sure that everyone except him/himself had two points in their AP because he was the former English Olympics winner. Object or Reflexive?
Attention – No reflexive... After –wash, –shave, –feel, –hurry, –dress, –remember, –relax, –concentrate, But ‘dry myself’ is possible. Go figure!
Credits Images –Google Notes and examples: –Hall & Foley, 2003 Slides and examples –Teacher Angela Carvalho, 2010 Material for classroom use only.