Presentation on theme: "Confucianism “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself ” -Confucius."— Presentation transcript:
Confucianism “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself ” -Confucius
Origins Confucianism is a way of life taught by Confucius in the 6th–5th century BCE (551–479 BCE) in China. Sometimes viewed as a philosophy, sometimes as a religion, Confucianism is perhaps best understood as a way of living one’s life and properly interacting with others.
Adherents Approximately 5 to 6 million people follow Confucianism. People who follow Confucianism are called Confucians or Confucianists
Views Principles of Confucianism include: Personal and governmental morality Correctness of social relationships Justice and sincerity Respect for elders Respect for parents Respect for rulers
Views Examples: When the stables were burnt down, on returning from court, Confucius said, "Was anyone hurt?" He did not ask about the horses. Adept Kung asked: "Is there any one word that could guide a person throughout life?" The Master replied: "How about 'shu': never impose on others what you would not choose for yourself?"
Views Humaneness, signifying excellent character in accord with: li (ritual norms) zhong (loyalty to one's true nature) shu (reciprocity – do unto others) and xiao (filial piety) Together these constitute de (virtue).
Views Confucianism is characterized by a highly optmistic view of human nature. Confucius regarded Heaven (T'ien) as a positive and personal force in the universe. Specific views on God and heaven are not discussed in Confucianism.
Life’s Purpose To fulfill one's role in society with propriety, honor, and loyalty.
Afterlife Confucius never discussed his beliefs about what would happen to people after they die.
General Practices Aside from its important ethical principles, Confucianism does not prescribe any specific rituals or practices. Most people who follow the ethical principles of Confucianism also incorporate practices of Shintoism, Taoism, or Buddhism.
General Practices Honesty, politeness, propriety, humaneness, perform correct role in society, loyalty to family, nation
Holy Text(s) Analects - are the most sacred scripture in the Confucian tradition. It is based primarily on the Master's sayings.
Famous Confucius Sayings Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.
Famous Confucius Sayings Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves
Famous Confucius Sayings I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.
Comparing World Religions Click on this link to view Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents. You are the only group to see this information and will need to discuss it later in your group. s.com/Religions_By _Adherents.htmlhttp://www.adherent s.com/Religions_By _Adherents.html