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Shifting Cultivation. Shifting cultivation in Malaysia Distribution in Malaysia –Found mainly in the western part of the states of Sabah and Sarawak.

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Presentation on theme: "Shifting Cultivation. Shifting cultivation in Malaysia Distribution in Malaysia –Found mainly in the western part of the states of Sabah and Sarawak."— Presentation transcript:

1 Shifting Cultivation

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4 Shifting cultivation in Malaysia Distribution in Malaysia –Found mainly in the western part of the states of Sabah and Sarawak –Influenced mainly by relief and soil as well as by government policies –Found in highland areas of rugged relief

5 Shifting cultivation in Malaysia Soils on slopes are thin and poor –Unsuitable for long period cultivation Cultivation on slopes can aggravate soil erosion Few indigenous people in peninsular Malaysia because government encouraged these to stay in lowlands and practice sedentary farming.

6 Shifting cultivation in Malaysia Adapting to the environment –Physical environment –Time their farming activities according to the climatic conditions Eg: Ibans clear the forest at the beginning of the dry period of the year so that the felled trees can dry properly before they are burned The hot wet climate encourages the growth of a wide variety of crops so they can harvest all year round for their food supply –Relief Poor soils, so farmers cultivate only a short period allowing land to fallow longer In Sarawak, some shifting cultivators grow their crops in a clearing for 1-3 years and leave the land to fallow for as long as possible, sometimes, up to 15 years or more –Using fires Ashes of burnt vegetation add nutrients to the soil and so help to improve its fertility. It also helps to destroy whatever weeds that would compete with the crops for the soil nutrients.

7 Shifting cultivation in Malaysia Adapting to the environment –Physical environment –Time their farming activities according to the climatic conditions Eg: Ibans clear the forest at the beginning of the dry period of the year so that the felled trees can dry properly before they are burned The hot wet climate encourages the growth of a wide variety of crops so they can harvest all year round for their food supply –Relief Poor soils, so farmers cultivate only a short period allowing land to fallow longer In Sarawak, some shifting cultivators grow their crops in a clearing for 1-3 years and leave the land to fallow for as long as possible, sometimes, up to 15 years or more –Using fires Ashes of burnt vegetation add nutrients to the soil and so help to improve its fertility. It also helps to destroy whatever weeds that would compete with the crops for the soil nutrients.

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11 What happened here? What form of farming is this? What evidence is there?

12 What evidence is there to show that these are shifting cultivators?


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