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Presentation Welcome Office of the Registrar General, India Ministry of Home Affairs.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation Welcome Office of the Registrar General, India Ministry of Home Affairs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation Welcome Office of the Registrar General, India Ministry of Home Affairs

2 Housing, Household Amenities and Assets - Key Results from Census 2011 D R C CHANDRAMOULI Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India

3 HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS Objective -prepare an unambiguous frame for Population Enumeration -collect data on housing, amenities and assets Carried out during April- September 2010

4 Large Population 2.4% of worlds surface area 1.2 bn population 2 nd largest in the world Multi-level 0.6 million villages 7933 Towns Multi-Ethnic 4,635 ethnic groups 80,000 Segments, Synonyms and Titles Challenges – Diverse & Vast

5 Multi-cultural 2875 religions and other persuasions 18 languages (training); 16 languages (canvassing); 6661 mother tongues Difficult people Nomads, Homeless, Forest/Island Dwellers Infants, Elderly women, Disabled Difficult Areas Disturbed civil conditions Inaccessible terrain Challenges – Diverse & Vast

6 Image based Recognition (ICR) Manual completion of unrecognized characters Census 2011 Process Scanning Database/ Tabulation Data Dissemination Image validation

7 DATA COLLECTION 35 items of information collected 27 lakh Census functionaries 1.5 crore Schedules processed 16 languages ICR technology used for data processing Houselisting and Housing Census excluded houseless households. The data on amenities and assets covers normal households only and excludes Institutional households

8 Key Results ….

9 Increase of 8 cr Census houses from 25 cr to 33 cr (T-33%;R-24%; U 54%) Increase of 6 cr Census houses used as residential and partly residential purposes from 19 cr to 25 cr (T- 31 %; R- 23%; U- 51%) Though figures of houseless population and infirm structures would be required for making accurate estimation of housing shortage, the trend seems to be a reducing one. HOUSING - QUANTITY

10 Census Houses – India 2011 Census HousesTotalRuralUrban Total Occupied Residential Residential-cum-other uses Non-residential Vacant Number of households (In crore)

11 Census House TotalRuralUrban Variat ion % Varia tion % Varia tion % Number of census houses Occupied census houses Used as residence Used as residence- cum-other use Housing stock (In crore) Variation in the Number of Census Houses – India 2001 & 2011

12 Number of Households and the Housing Stock – India The gap between households and housing stock is narrowing (In crore)

13 Decline in proportion of households using Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/ Wood/ Mud/Tiles as material of roof (T-16 pt; R-17 pt; U -9 pt) Increase in proportion of households using GI/Metal/Asbestos sheets and Concrete (T- 14 pt; R- 13 pt; U- 9.7 pt) Decline in proportion of households using Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/ Mud/Un burnt Brick as material of Wall (T- 9 pt; R-10 pt; U- 5 pt) Increase in proportion of households using Burnt Brick and Stone (T- 10 pt; R- 9 pt; U - 4 pt) Decline in proportion of households using Mud as material of floor (T- 11 pt; R- 10 pt; U – 6 pt) HOUSING - QUALITY Substantial improvement in Quality of Housing

14 Households by Material of Roof – India Material of roof Grass/ Thatch/Bamboo/Wood/ Mud, etc Tiles Hand made tiles NA 14.5 Machine made tiles NA 9.3 GI/ Metal/ Asbestos sheets Concrete Others HHs (in %)

15 Proportion of HHs (%)

16 Households by Material of Roof – India 2001 & 2011 Material RuralUrban Change Change Grass/Thatch/Bamboo/ Wood/Mud Tiles: Hand made tilesNA18.3NA 6.2 Machine made tilesNA10.4NA 7.0 G. I. / Metal/ Asbestos sheets Concrete Others HHs (in %)

17 Households by Material of Wall - India Material of wall Grass/ Thatch/Bamboo, etc Mud/ Un-burnt bricks Stone Packed with mortar NA 10.8 Not packed with mortar NA 3.4 Burnt brick Others HHs (in %)

18 Proportion of HHs (%)

19 Households by Material of Wall – India 2001 & 2011 Material RuralUrban Change Change Grass/Thatch/Bamboo Mud/ Un-burnt bricks Stone Packed with mortar NA 10.0NA 12.3NA Not packed with mortar NA 3.6NA 2.7NA Burnt brick Others HHs (in %)

20 Material of Floor Material of floor Mud Stone Cement Mosaic/ Floor tiles Others HHs (in %)

21 Proportion of HHs (%)

22 Households by Material of Floor – India 2001 & 2011 Material RuralUrban Change Change Mud Stone Cement Mosaic/ Floor tiles Others HHs (in %)

23 HOUSING - QUALITY Decline in proportion of households having no exclusive room and 1 room (T – 1 pts; U – 2 pt) Increase in proportion of households having 2 and 3 rooms (T – 2 pts; R – 1 pt; U – 2 pt) Increase in the number of households with 1 to 4 members and decline in 5 and above members Decrease in proportion of households with 3 or more Married Couples (T - 1 pt; R – 1; U – No change) 87% of the households live in own houses

24 No. of rooms TotalRuralUrbanTotalRuralUrban No exclusive room One room Two rooms Three rooms Four rooms Five rooms Six rooms and above Distribution of Households by Number of Rooms HHs (in %)

25 INDIA 2001 INDIA 2011 Households by Number of Rooms (%)

26 Household Size TotalRuralUrban All Households Distribution of Households by Household Size - India HHs (in %)

27 INDIA 2001 INDIA 2011 Households by Household Size (%)

28 No. of married couples TotalRuralUrban None Number of Married Couples in a Household HHs (in %)

29 Distribution of Households by Tenure Status (in %) Status Owned Total Rural Urban Rented Total Rural Urban Others Total Rural Urban

30 Distribution of Households by Tenure Status - Owned

31 Household Amenities

32 Drinking Water:  87% of households using Tap, Tube well, Hand pump and Covered well as source of drinking water  32% households using Tap water from treated sources  47% of households have source of water within the premises (R – 35%; U – 71%)  36% of households have to fetch water from a source located within 500 m in rural areas/100 m in urban areas  18% still fetch drinking water from a source located more than 500 m away in rural areas or 100 m in urban areas AMENITIES

33 Drinking Water Sources Sources Number of Households (in crore) Percentage 1. Tap: (a) From treated sources (b) From un-treated sources Well (a) Covered well (b) Un-covered well Hand pump Tube well / Borehole All others RANKING : TAP

34

35 Selected Drinking Water Sources India 2011 Tap Water Hand Pump Covered well Tube well / Borehole Total Rural Urban HHs (in %)

36 Distribution of Households by Major Sources of Drinking Water Total/ Rural/ Urban Tap Hand pump & Tube-well Well Total Rural Urban Rural – Urban Diff (HH in %)

37 Proportion of HHs (%)

38 Distribution of Households by Source of Drinking Water – Tap

39 Distribution of Households by Source of Drinking Water – Hand pump & Tube well

40 (HH in %) Access to Drinking Water Source - India TRUWithin premisesNear Total Rural Urban R-U Diff *: ‘Near’- Within 500 metres in rural areas or within 100 metres in urban : ‘Away’- 500 metres or beyond in rural areas or 100 metres or beyond in urban areas

41 Main source of lighting  67% households use electricity (R – 55%; U- 93%)  Increase of 11pt over 2001 (R – 12 pt; U- 5 pt)  Rural Urban difference reduced by 7 pts from 44 pts in 2001 to 37 pts in 2011  31% of households use Kerosene (R – 43%; U- 7%)  Decline of 12 pt over 2001 (R – 12 pt; U- 5 pt) AMENITIES

42 Main Source of Lighting, 2011 India Source of lighting Households (in crore) Percentage Electricity Kerosene Solar energy Other Oil Any Other No lighting RANKING : ELECTRICITY

43 Proportion of HHs (%)

44 Households having Electricity as Main Source of Lighting - India Electricity Change (pts) Total Rural Urban R-U Diff (HH in %)

45 Households using Electricity as Source of Lighting

46  Bathing facility:  58% households have bathing facility (R – 45%;U – 87%)  Increase of 22 pts over 2001 ( R -22 pts; U – 17 pts)  Rural-Urban difference reduced by 26 pts from 48 pts in 2001 to 22 pts in 2011 AMENITIES

47 Having bathing facility within premises Have facilityDoes not have facility BathroomEnclosure without roof Total Rural Urban Households Having Bathing Facility Within the Premises India (in %)

48 Have bathing facilityChange (pts) Total Rural Urban R-U Diff (HH in %) Households Having Bathing Facility Within the Premises - India

49 Drainage connectivity:  51% households have drainage facility (R – 37%;U – 82%)  18% households have closed drainage (R – 6%;U – 45%)  33% households have open drainage (R – 31%;U – 37%)  49% households have no drainage facility (R– 63%; U – 18%)  5 pt decline in households having no drainage (R–3 pt;U – 4 pt)  Rural-Urban difference in no drainage increased by 1 pt from 44 pt in 2001 to 45 pts in 2011 AMENITIES

50 Households Having Drainage Connectivity - India : 2001 & 2011 (HH in %) Have facility No drainage Closed drainageOpen drainage Total Rural Urban Rural-Urban Diff

51  Latrine within premises:  47% households have latrine facility (R – 31%;U – 81%)  36% households have water closet (R – 19%;U – 73%)  9% households have pit latrine (R – 11%;U – 7%)  1% households have other types of latrine (R– 1%; U – 2%)  11 pt decline in households having no latrine (R–9 pt;U –8 pt AMENITIES

52 Households having latrine facility within the premises India Sources Number of Households (in crore) HHs having latrine facility within premises (%) 1. Have latrine facility a. Flush/ pour flush connected to (i) Piped water system (ii) Septic tank (iii) Other system b. Pit latrine (i) With slab/ ventilated (ii) Without slab/ Open pit c. Night soil disposed into open drain d. Service latrine (i) Night soil removed by human (ii) Night soil serviced by animal RANKING : LATRINE WITHIN PREMISES

53 Households Having Latrine Facility India : 2001 & 2011 (HH in %) Have latrine facility within premises Do not have latrine facility within premises Total Rural Urban Rural-Urban Diff

54 Households having No Latrine Facility - India : 2001 & 2011

55  Kitchen  61% households have Kitchen facility (R – 53%;U – 79%)  56% households have Kitchen facility within premises (R – 45%;U – 78%)  6% households have Kitchen facility outside premises (R – 7%;U – 2%). AMENITIES

56 Households Having Separate Kitchen 2011, India Availability of kitchenTotalRuralUrban Total Cooking inside house: (a) Has kitchen (b) Does not have kitchen Cooking outside house (a) Has kitchen (b) Does not have kitchen No cooking RANKING : HAS KITCHEN (HH in %)

57 AMENITIES Fuel Used for Cooking  67% households use firewood/crop residue, cow dung cake/coal etc (R –87%;U – 26%)  29% households use LPG/PNG/Electricity/Biogas (R – 12%;U – 66%)  3% households use Kerosene (R – 1%;U – 8%)  Increase of 11 pts in use of LPG (R – 6 pt; U – 17 pt)

58 Fuel used for Cooking 2011 India Fuel used for cookingTotalRuralUrban Fire-wood Crop residue Cow dung cake Coal, Lignite, Charcoal Kerosene LPG/ PNG Electricity Biogas Any other No cooking RANKING : FIREWOOD RANKING : LPG/PNG

59 India 2011

60 Households using Firewood as Fuel Used in Cooking

61 Households using LPG/PNG as Fuel Used in Cooking

62 Household Assets

63 Number of HHs (in crore) Percentages Availing banking services Total Rural Urban R – U Difference Households Availing Banking Services India 2001 & 2011 Census

64 Radio/Transistor:  20% households have Radio/Transistor (R – 17%;U – 25%)  Decrease of 15 pts (R – 14 pt;U – 19 pt) Television:  47% households have Television (R – 33%;U –77%)  Increase of 16 pts (R – 14 pt;U – 12 pt) ASSETS

65 Households Possessing Assets Radio/Transistor: 4.9 crore (19.9%) households Rural – 17.3% & Urban – 25.3%) (Decreased by T: 15.2 pts; R: 14.2; U: 19.2) Television: 11.7 crore (47.2%) households Rural – 33.4% & Urban – 76.7%) (Increased by T: 15.6 pts; R: 14.5; U: 12.4)

66 Computer/Laptop: About 20% households in urban areas and 5% in rural areas possess the asset Computer/Laptop: 9% households have Computer/laptop (R -5%; U – 19%) 3% households have Internet (R -1%; U – 8%) 6% households have no internet (R-4%; U-10%) ASSETS

67 AssetsTotalRuralUrban Computer: Computer/Laptop - With Internet Computer/Laptop - Without Internet Household Possessing Assets: Computer – India 2011 Census RANKING : COMPUTER (HH in %)

68 Telephone  63% households have Telephone (R – 54%;U – 82%)  Increase of 54 pts (R – 51 pt;U – 59 pt) Mobile phone:  59% households have Mobile Telephone (R – 51%;U – 76%) ASSETS

69 Households Possessing Assets Telephone/Mobile - India RANKING : MOBILE AssetsTotalRuralUrban Telephone/Mobile: Landline only Mobile only Both (HH in %)

70 Assets Possessed by Households Mobile Phones

71 4 Wheelers (Car/Jeep/Van)  5% households have 4 Wheelers (R – 2%;U – 10%)  Increase of 2 pts (R – 1 pt;U – 4 pt) 2 Wheelers (Scooter/Motorcycle/Moped)  21% households have 2 Wheelers (R – 14%;U – 35%)  Increase of 9 pts (R – 8 pt;U – 11pt) Bicycle  45% households have Bicycles (R – 46%;U – 42%)  Increase of 1 pts (R – 3 pt;U – (-) 4 pt) ASSETS

72 Bicycle: 11.1 crore (44.8%) households (Rural – 46.2% & Urban – 42%) (Increase by T: 1.1 pts; R: 3.4; U: - 4.0) Scooter/Motor Cycle/Moped: 5.2 crore (21.0%) households (Rural – 14.3% & Urban – 35.2%) (Increased by T: 21.0 pts; R: 14.3; U: 35.2) Car/Jeep/ Van: 1.1 crore (4.7%) households (Rural – 2.3% & Urban – 9.8%) (Increased by T: 2.1 pts; R: 1.0; U: 4.1)

73 Assets Possessed by Households Computer with Internet

74 ASSETS No asset  18% households do not have any of the specified assets (R – 23%;U –7%)  Decrease of 7 pts (R – 22 pts; U – 26 pt)

75 None of the specified assetsChange (pts) Total Rural Urban R-U Diff Households Possessing None of the Specified Assets - India RANKING : NONE OF THE ASSETS

76 Households not Possessing any of the Specified Assets

77 THANK YOU For more details visit: censusindia.gov.in Visit us at facebook


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