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Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI 2008-2012 and POM 2009 Municipal plan of the Defense of the Forest Against.

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Presentation on theme: "Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI 2008-2012 and POM 2009 Municipal plan of the Defense of the Forest Against."— Presentation transcript:

1 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2009 Municipal plan of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires ( PMDFCI) and Municipal Operational Plan (POM) CMDFCI, April de 2009

2 PMDFCI ª PART – Base Information 2ª PART – Share Plan Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

3 PMDFCI ª PART – Base Information 1 – Physical Characterization 2 – Climatic Characterization 3 – Demographic Characterization 4 – Characterization of the use of the Ground 5 – Analysis of Description and Causes of the Forest Fires 6 – Risk Cartography and Defense Priorities Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

4 1. Physical Characterization 1.1 Relief 1.2 Declivities 1.3 Exposition Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

5 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Relief Irregularity Relief Great difference of Quotas Minor Difference (40 m) – Ribadouro (next to the Douro River); Greater Difference (1416 m) – Population of Teixeira (Sra. da Serra). Three Main Moutainous Formation Marão Mountain ; Aboboreira Mountain; Castelo (ou de Matos) Mountain

6 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

7 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Declivities Declivities Sufficiently accented Douro Hillsides; Aboboreira sources of the montain range and Castelo (ou de Matos) sources of the moutain range; Valley of the River Teixeira ; Trancoso Stream. Presence of critical declivities for Forest Fire Progression. Superior declivites 30 % for the most part of municipalyti.

8 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

9 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Exposition 57% of municipalyti come back the south na west Expositions North - 12% do Concelho; South - 38%; East - 21%; West - 19%; Without dominant exposition – 11%.

10 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

11 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Climatic Characterization Maximum Temperature Maximum Temperature (averages ) July – 29,8 ºC August – 29,9 ºC September – 27,2 ºC Precipitation to the 9 hours Precipitation to the 9 hours (averages ) July – 17,4 mm August – 19,3 mm September – 48,7 mm

12 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Climatic Characterization(Cont.) Relative moistness to the Relative moistness to the ás 15 hours (averages ) July – 28 % August – 30 % September– 36 % Dominat Winds Dominat Winds The Northwest Formation of local breezes, normally of Southeast from the way of the afternoon and of dawn

13 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Demographic Characterization Aged Population, especially in the places the North of the municipalyti; Residents (it lost people in last the 10 years); Population Density – 129 hab./km2; Weekly migration of the youger masculina population ( Civil Construction) Secondary sector dominates the activities followed by first sector; Index of illiteracy of the municipalyti is of 16% (30% in Teixeira and superiors at 20 % em Loivos do Monte, Ovil e Teixeiró).

14 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

15 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Characterization of the use of the Ground 4.1 Occupation of the Ground 4.2 Povoamentos Florestais

16 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Occupation of the Ground Total area of Municipalyti of Baião – ha Forest – 4331 ha (25% of the Municipalyti);( 63% Group area of the Municipalyti) Abandoning – 6603 ha (38 % of the Municipalyti); Agriculture– 5550 ha ; Unproductive – 114 ha; Social Areas – 462 ha; Aquatic Surfaces – 237 ha.

17 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

18 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Povoamentos Forest Tree main species Pinus pinaster – 1332 ha (31% forest area of Municipalyti); Eucalytos – 919 ha (21 %) Quercus (Carvalho Alvarinho e Negral e Sobreiro)– 863 ha (20 %) Pinus pinaster x Eucalytos – 718 ha (17 %); Other species – 158 ha (4 %).

19 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

20 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008 Analysis of Description and Causes of the Forest Fires 5. Analysis of Description and Causes of the Forest Fires 5.1 Distribution for Place 5.2 Distribution for Annual 5.3 Distribution for Monthly 5.4 Distribution for Weekly 5.5 Distribution for Hour 5.6 Distribition for Daily 5.7 Distribution for Extension Categories

21 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

22 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Distribution for places Places with more occurences (2001 – 2005): Ancede, Campelo, Gestaçô, Gôve, Santa Cruz do Douro e Santa Marinha do Zêzere; Places with more occurences (2006): Ancede, Gôve, Santa Cruz do Douro e Santa Marinha do Zêzere; Places with more burnt area (2001 – 2005): Gestaçô, Loivos do Monte, Teixeira e Valadares; Places with more burnt area (2006): Baião (Santa Leocádia), Teixeira e Âncede;

23 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

24 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Distribution Annual Occurrences: Occurrences: Increase to leave de 1992; Greater I number of occurrences 2000 (398 fire); 2006 – 132 fire 2007 – 167 fire * : : Burnt Area Year with more burnt area – 2005 (2440,8 ha); 2006 – 605,0 ha; 2007 – 459,1 ha. *

25 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

26 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Distribution Monthly Months with more occurrences: Months with more occurrences: July, August, September. Monts with more burnt area: Monts with more burnt area: July, August, September.

27 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

28 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Distribution Weekly Occurrences: Occurrences: More occurrences to the weekend; They decrease of Sunday until Wednesday, increasing of new until Sunday; Burnt Area: Burnt Area: Lower Value of burnt area to wednesday.

29 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

30 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Distribution Daily Five Critical Days represent about 30% of the total burnt in 10 years; 26 e 27 the July, 4 e 5 de August, 24 de August.

31 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

32 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Distribution by Hours Occurrences ( ): Occurrences ( ): Two critical periods of occurrences (12:00h – 19:00h e 21:00h – 24:00h They correspond 71,3% da occurrences; Burnt Area ( ): Burnt Area ( ): Two critical periods of Burnt area (8:00h – 9:00h e 15:00h – 16:00h they correspond a 26,0% of the bunrt area.

33 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

34 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Distribution for Extension Categories Categories 0-1ha (small fires); Great I number of occurrences (816) corresponds to one reduced burnt area (297 ha). More attention to the sensitization of the populacion and the shares of monitoring Categories > 100 ha; Small I number of occurrences (8) correspond the great burnt areas (2459). Shares to the level of the reduction of fuel loads in strategical places controlled fire shares.

35 Comissão Municipal de Defesa da Floresta Contra Incêndios de Baião PMDFCI e POM 2008

36 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Cartography of Fire Risk 6.1 Fire Danger 6.2 Fire Risk 6.3 Defense Priorities

37 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Fire Risk Probability of occurrences, in on determined interval of time and inside of determined area, of a forest fire. Parameters of I Calculate: - Declivities; - Fire Historical; - Occupation of the Ground.

38 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

39 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Forest Fire Danger Probability of loss of an element and actual damage (electric trees, lines, railroad line, road net etc.) Parameters of I Calculate: - Danger; - Economic value of the elements; - Susceptibilidade.

40 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

41 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Defense Priorities Zones of high fire risk or very high the one that if adds elements or areas notables who, for its intrinsic value (ambient, historical, landscape, etc.), are important to defend.

42 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

43 PMDFCI (e POM 2008) 2ª PART – Plan of share 7 – Bands of Fuel Management 8 – Road Net 9 – Net of Water Points 10 – Sensitization of the Population 11 – Monitoring and Detection 12 – 1ª Intervention 13 – Combat, Embers and Post-Fire Vigilance Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

44 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Bands of Fuel Management Area to intervene Area to intervene in the Period : 1412 ha (282 ha/year). Entities with responsability Entities with responsability (Low 124/2006): CM Baião; EP – Roads Portugal ; REN; EDP; REFER; Forest owners.

45 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

46 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Forest road net Area to intervene Area to intervene in the período : Construction – 16,8 km; Maintenance – 146,9 km.

47 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

48 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Net of Water Points Purpose: Covering of 100% of the council forest area for mixing water points property of the Autarchy Private water points are complementary Criterions: Ray of covering of 2,5 km; Insertion in forest spaces of great dimension and raised dangerous of associated fire. Intervention i Intervention in the período between : Construction – 6 pontos de água; Maintenance – 1 ponto de água.

49 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

50 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Sensitization of the population TIPO COMPORTAMENTO DE RISCO PÚBLICO-ALVOMEIOS GENERALISTA Uso incorrecto do fogo (Queimas de Sobrantes e Fogueiras); Resistência à gestão de combustíveis. Público em geral -Sessões de esclarecimento; - Envio de desdobráveis, - Acções nas feiras do concelho; - Avisos nas missas; - Avisos na imprensa local. Lançamento de fogo de artificioComissões de festas - Encontros com Comissões de festas de Delegação da CMDFCI. PÚBLICOS ESPECÍFICOS QueimadasPastores - Encontros pessoais com pastores; Acções de Fogo Controlado. Conflitos de CaçaCaçadores- Sessões de esclarecimento. -População escolar -Concurso “Árvore de Natal Ecológica”; - Comemoração do Dia Mundial da Floresta; - Comemoração do Dia Mundial da Floresta Autóctone.

51 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Monitoring and detection RNPV – Five lookout posts with visibility over Baião council : Meadas; Marão (Antenas); Marão (Sra. da Moreira); Seculca; Montedeiras. lookout poast. 49,3% of the council visible only for one or none lookout poast.

52 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

53 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Vigilance device ACTIONENTITYTEAMS MEMBERS/ TEAM ACTING AREA TIME OF INTERVEN CTION TIME TABLE VIGILANCE AND DETECTION BV BAIÃO3 ECIN5S a :00h 24:00h BV SMZ2 ECIN5S GNR PATRULHA2 COUNCIL EVERY YEAR GIPS5 SEPNA2 CM BAIÃO 2 DVN3 S S to :00h 07:00h ZCA ABOBOREIRA VIGILANTE1 ZCA ABOBOREIRA 09:00h 19:00h ZCT MARÃOVIGILANTE1ZCT MARÃO IPJ 6 VJF2 COUNCIL 13:30h 19:00h IEFP2 POC2 09:00h 19:00h ESCOTEIROS6 ESCOTEIROS2

54 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM Device Circuits of Night Vigilance ENTITY NAME OF THE COURSE COURSE DVN BAIÃO BLUEMesquinhata, Grilo, Santa Leocádia and Ribadouro GREENGôve and Ancede YELLOWSanta Cruz do Douro and Valadares ORANGECampelo and Ovil REDLoivos do Monte and Teixeira DVN SMZ GREENFrende and Loivos da Ribeira YELLOWSanta Marinha do Zêzere and Covelas ORANGEGestaçô, Tresouras and Teixeiró REDValadares and Viariz

55 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008 ENTITYTEAMS MEMBERS/ TEAM YELLOWORANGE AND RED TIME TABLE LEE TIME TABLE LEE TIME TABLE BV BAIÃO ECIN 15 00:00h 24:00h LEE :00h 24:00h 00:00h 24:00h LEE :00h 24:00h ECIN 25 LEE ECIN 35 LEE BV SMZ ECIN 45 LEE ECIN 55 LEE LEE Proceeding of intervention in the yellow, orange and red alerts

56 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

57 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM First Intervention ACTIONENTITYTEAMS MEMBERS/ TEAM ACTING AREA TIME OF ACTING TIME TABLE FIRST INTERVENTION BV BAIÃO3 ECIN5S a :00h 24:00h BV SMZ2 ECIN5S GNRGIPS5COUNCILEvery year CM BAIÃO 2 DVN3 S S a :00h 07:00h

58 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008

59 Municipal Commission of the Defense of the Forest Against Fires the Baião PMDFCI and POM 2008 Combat, Embers and Post-Fire Vigilance 13. Combat, Embers and Post-Fire Vigilance ACTIONENTITYTEAMS MEMBERS/ TEAM ACTING AREA TIME OF ACTING TIME TABLE COMBAT, EMBERS AND POST-FIRE VIGILANCE BV BAIÃO 3 ECIN5 S to :00h 24:00h BOMBEIROS VOLUNTÁRIOS VARIABLEEvery year BV SMZ 2 ECIN5 S to BOMBEIROS VOLUNTÁRIOS VARIABLEEvery year GNRGIPS5COUNCILEvery year 00:00h 24:00h CM BAIÃO 2 DVN3 S S to :00h 07:00h


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