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1 1. 2 The Tabernacle: Five Sacrifices ch 10 Supplement People in the Presence of God ©2014Barry Liesch Biola University La Mirada, California.

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Presentation on theme: "1 1. 2 The Tabernacle: Five Sacrifices ch 10 Supplement People in the Presence of God ©2014Barry Liesch Biola University La Mirada, California."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 1

2 2 The Tabernacle: Five Sacrifices ch 10 Supplement People in the Presence of God ©2014Barry Liesch Biola University La Mirada, California

3 3 first some Scripture Memorization

4 4 Mark 12;28-30 (Scribe asks) “What is foremost of all?” (Jesus answers), the foremost is, Hear,O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength. Where does this thought come from?

5 5 Duet: 6:4-8! Hear, O ____ The ___ our ___, the Lord is ___. You shall ___ the lord your God with all your heart with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your soul and with all your might. and with all your might. And these word which I command you today shall be on your heart. shall be on your heart.

6 6 Duet: 6:4-8 You shall teach them diligently to your children and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise.

7 7 Duet: 6:4-8 You shall _____them _______ to your children and shall talk of them when you sit _________ and when you walk _______ and when you lie __________________.

8 8 Duet: 6:4-8 You shall teach them diligently to your children and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.

9 9 Duet: 6:4-8 You shall teach them diligently to your children and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise. You shall bind them as a sign ___________ and they shall be as frontlets ______________ You shall write them on the _________ of your house and on your _____.

10 10 Duet: 6:4-8 You shall teach them diligently to your children and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.

11 11 This PowerPoint draws on material from: Recalling the Hope of Glory (Allen Ross, 2006) In Spirit and Truth: The Mosaic Vision of Worship (Daniel I. Block, Jets, 2012)

12 12 Is The Past Important? Our generation isn’t the first to think about worship (Kauflin) Our generation isn’t the first to think about worship (Kauflin) We aren’t starting from a historical vacuum (Kauflin) We aren’t starting from a historical vacuum (Kauflin) Worship patterns in scripture & church history can keep us from error, from conforming to the fads & pressures of contemporary culture Worship patterns in scripture & church history can keep us from error, from conforming to the fads & pressures of contemporary culture Are we sufficiently open to the past?

13 13 Lessons/Observations Learned So Far Turning Points, Crisis  Worship Review Sacred Places/Memorials erected (Abraham, Jacob) Worship linked with Murder/The Flood/Rape Abel: offers sacrifice of fat of firstborn, murdered Abel: offers sacrifice of fat of firstborn, murdered Noah: flood; altar/burnt offering of clean animals Noah: flood; altar/burnt offering of clean animals Jacob’s Sons: revenge/murder! Jacob flees to altar Jacob’s Sons: revenge/murder! Jacob flees to altar Circumcision on 8th day (Abraham) V ow to worship, tithe a tenth (Jacob) Teaches us: to turn to God in times of crisis!

14 14 Let’s look at the Five OT Sacrifices

15 15 Let’s look at the Five OT Sacrifices Are they echoed in the NT?

16 16 Let’s look at the Five OT Sacrifices Are they echoed in the NT? What can they mean for us today?

17 17

18 18 Typical Sequence (Lev 8) 1. Purification/Sin offering : mandatory 2. Reparation offering : mandatory (or Restitution offering) (or Restitution offering) 3. Burnt offering : mandatory (or Consecration offering) (or Consecration offering) Dedication offering: voluntary (or Gratitude offering) (or Gratitude offering) 5. Fellowship offering: voluntary Why this sequence? Is it logical?

19 19 Sacrifice is central 1. Purification/Sin Offering Mandatory FIRST offering that the people brought For any disease, defilement issue For any disease, defilement issue For sins committed willfully, unwittingly For sins committed willfully, unwittingly Forgiveness granted when confession made Ps 32:1 Forgiveness granted when confession made Ps 32:1 Forgiveness based on shedding of blood Forgiveness based on shedding of blood Serious. Blood represented a life forfeited! Serious. Blood represented a life forfeited! Remains carried outside (sin/defilement removed) Remains carried outside (sin/defilement removed) Billy Graham interview  “Preach the blood!”

20 20 Sacrifice is central 1. Purification/Sin Offering male presents the lamb to priest male presents the lamb to priest lays hands on lamb (confession) lays hands on lamb (confession)  Substitution of sin priest slits throat priest slits throat daubs blood on altar 7 times daubs blood on altar 7 times blood represents a life forfeited blood represents a life forfeited Costly worship  foreshadows Christ’s substitutionary death Costly worship  foreshadows Christ’s substitutionary death

21 21 Sacrifice is central 1. Purification/Sin Offering male takes victim outside male takes victim outside  skins, washes, cuts it into pieces, returns priest burns fat as offering priest burns fat as offering  sweet aroma to God/God smells & accepts it  defilement removed Acknowledgement leads to forgiveness Ritual with no confession is worthless (Allen) Acknowledgment/confession required today? Acknowledgment/confession required today? Our worship… a sweet aroma arising to God? Our worship… a sweet aroma arising to God?

22 22 Sacrifice is central 2. Reparation Offering Mandatory Defrauder must make it right! Defrauder must make it right! cheating, stealing, misrepresenting, etc cheating, stealing, misrepresenting, etc Restitution—in full +20% fine! Restitution—in full +20% fine! Moreover, express genuine repentance before sacrifice accepted Moreover, express genuine repentance before sacrifice accepted Jesus: necessity of reconciliation first be reconciled, then bring gift Matt 5:23 first be reconciled, then bring gift Matt 5:23

23 23 Sacrifice is central 3. Burnt Offering (Atonement) Mandatory offering completely burnt/consumed completely burnt/consumed signifies devotion, commitment signifies devotion, commitment complete surrender of life complete surrender of life renewed relationship with God renewed relationship with God NT application (Rom 12:1) Present your bodies as a living sacrifice Present your bodies as a living sacrifice Practical sanctification Practical sanctification

24 24 For all three sacrifices Atonement/Forgiveness Blood of animals did not remove sin Heb 10:4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. OT sacrifice symbolized the payment for sin. A shadow that pointed to Christ. Yet cultic system actually worked (D. Block) The priest shall make atonement for for the sin which has been committed, and they shall be forgiven. Lev 4:35 This sentence is repeated 10 times! Lev 4:20,26,31;5:10,13,16,18;6:7;19:22; Ps 32:1

25 25 For all three sacrifices Atonement/Forgiveness When offered in faith with integrity, Christ’s atonement was applied, forgiveness granted. Jesus: Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired but a body have you prepared for me…behold I have come to do your will, O God… [So] when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice, he sat down at the right hand of God… For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified. Heb 10:5, 7,12, 14 Heb 10:5, 7,12, 14

26 26 Sacrifice is central 4.Dedication Offering (Gratitude) basket of flour, olive oil, incense burnt on altar basket of flour, olive oil, incense burnt on altar bread, fruit given to priest bread, fruit given to priest token of “all my substance” token of “all my substance” libation of wine poured out libation of wine poured out at foot of altar (symbolic of life-blood?) at foot of altar (symbolic of life-blood?)Paul I am already being poured out like a drink offering… 2 Tim 4:6 I am already being poured out like a drink offering… 2 Tim 4:6

27 27 Sacrifice is central 5. Fellowship Offering Celebrate being at peace with God Celebrate being at peace with God Communal meal with priest Communal meal with priest animal without defect animal without defect best cuts of meat eaten together best cuts of meat eaten together Symbolized in the Lord’s Table? eat bread/body, drink wine/blood of Christ Peace, fellowship with God

28 28 Priests Ordination Ceremony (Lev 8) Blood daubed on Right ear lobe Consecration: of what you hear? Right thumb Consecration: of what you do? Right toe Consecration: of where you walk? Symbolizing a life set apart for God

29 29 Typical Sequence (Lev 8) 1. Purification/Sin offering : mandatory 2. Reparation offering : mandatory (or Restitution offering) (or Restitution offering) 3. Burnt offering : mandatory (or Consecration offering) (or Consecration offering) Dedication offering: voluntary (or Gratitude offering) (or Gratitude offering) 5. Fellowship offering: voluntary Is sequence logical? It is applicable today?

30 30 Laborious? Burdensome? or, Invitational? The Sacrifices/Ceremonies Daniel Block: many of the verbs should probably be interpreted modally [“may”] rather than as imperatives [“shall”] The result: a more positive tone pictured But you may make prilgimages (“seek”)…there you may bring your burnt offerings and sacrifices… may eat and…celebrate..because YHWH your God has blessed you. Deut 12:5-7 Invitational focus God invites his people to eat, to celebrate

31 31 If Worship is to be truly Spiritual, it must… get beyond “mere” forms, styles, to actions with depth, meaning get beyond “mere” forms, styles, to actions with depth, meaning focus our minds on the holiness, purity, glory, beauty of God focus our minds on the holiness, purity, glory, beauty of God emphasize the atonement emphasize the atonement rise above the earthly rise above the earthly be inspired by a vision totally great & glorious Allen Ross be inspired by a vision totally great & glorious Allen Ross

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